Welcome ladies and gentlemen, to a presentation that will blow you away!. Ready?. 3 …. 2 …. 1 …. Colonial Life: Militias & More! By Rachel Kulik 7A4-ID2. Colonial Life:. Hear ye, hear ye! A presentation on colonial military and defense is now being shown!. Glossary.
Militias & More!
By Rachel Kulik 7A4-ID2
Hear ye, hear ye! A presentation on colonial military and defense is now being shown!
- The French and Indian War by Andrew Santella
The safety of individual families at home was very important, so the government reinforced laws to warranted homes to have at least one firearm.
Separate farms and abodes were not recommended, as they made easy targets for Indian raids.
Villages centered around a meetinghouse were favored. They usually had outposts, small watchtowers, and at least one station for troops.
Let’s start at the beginning!
Keep this in mind!
Keep this in mind!
Well, when one country has control over another territory, that country impacts the culture and way of life of the people living there. In this case, a certain country’s militia was a great influence.
Now, I wonder what that country was! Hmmm…
Many English military institutions were inherited in the American colonies. The militia was one of these important things; it dated back to Anglo-Saxon times.
Immigrants and contact with the British Army kept the colonists informed about the latest technological developments.
As settlements were enlarged, there was more brutality between the colonists and neighboring Indians. Colonies needed a way to defend their land, so they interpreted the ways of English militias and made their own variations.
I can’t go to jail! I’m claustrophobic!
Things to Keep in Mind…
Camouflage clothes & protective wear
The choice of weapons was also the effect of European heritage.
Cannons-Cannon calibers were made based on the weight of the balls used. The smallest of the standard cannons was called a two-pounder, and the largest was the fifty-pounder.
Flintlock muskets-The wilderness gave an emphasis to it’s great advantages. By 1675, almost every colony required its minutemen to carry flintlocks instead of matchlocks. The British “Brown Bess” was an acclaimed example of a flintlock musket.
Ship and garrison carriages-These carriages were adequate for lighter guns. They were made up of wooden frames, which rested on four trucks, or small wheels. The cannon or gun would lie between the sides of the frame on cross-members called "transoms."
Gunpowder-Obviously, you couldn’t have guns without it! Did you know: Gunpowder is chemically considered a mixture. The ingredients are just physically combined. Gunpowder is made up of saltpeter, sulphur, and charcoal (in the same amount by weight). If you increased saltpeter, powder for muskets would be made, and an even greater increase would result in pistol powder.
Horses- These creatures were used for transport, height, and speed. Horses also pulled things and came in handy when traveling on uneven land.
This is a
This is a flintlock musket/rifle:
This is a
Carriage holding a cannon:
Huzzah! I’m a wizard!
The Charleville Musket was made in France in 1717.Though it is improbable that it, along with other versions, were used in battles of North America, at least one of them was discovered with a brand of "US" on the lock.
The "Brown Bess" was manufactured for more than a century. It was used in both the American Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815). It weighed fifteen pounds with its bayonet and could fire a ball that was three quarters of an inch in diameter!
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