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Poetry Vocabulary. Aren’t you excited??. Pre-Test. Write down anything you know about the following words: Allusion Idiom Metaphor Simile Personification Hyperbole Symbol Pun. Allusion. An indirect reference to another literary work or to a famous person, place, or event.

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poetry vocabulary

Poetry Vocabulary

Aren’t you excited??

pre test
Pre-Test
  • Write down anything you know about the following words:
    • Allusion
    • Idiom
    • Metaphor
    • Simile
    • Personification
    • Hyperbole
    • Symbol
    • Pun
allusion
Allusion
  • An indirect reference to another literary work or to a famous person, place, or event.
  • For example:
    • “He’s a modern day Elvis!”
    • Today you have to be the tortoise, not the hare.
    • Jack and Diane
    • I Go Back
    • Star Wars
more examples of allusions
More examples of Allusions
  • Background:
  • Charlie Bit My Finger
  • After Dentist
  • Double Rainbow
  • Actual Allusions
  • Glozell
hyperbole
Hyperbole
  • An extreme exaggeration.
  • YOU USE THIS ALL THE TIME!
  • Examples:
    • “That test was 1,000 pages long!
    • “I was at school ALL DAY yesterday.”
    • “I had like twelve hours of homework last night!”
simile
Simile
  • A comparison of two objects using the words “like” or “as”
  • Example:
    • He’s as big as a barn.
    • She skates like a swan.
    • He’s cute as a button.
    • It’s as colorful as a peacock.
simile1
Simile

Similes in songs

  • Like a circus
  • Like a G6
  • As a cactus
  • As the beating drum
  • Like the last slice
metaphor
Metaphor
  • A comparison of two things using without using the words “like” or “as.”
  • Generally, it will have the word “is”
  • Example:
    • Love is a battlefield.
    • The sun is an angry warrior on a humid day.
  • Examples in Pop Songs
metaphor1
Metaphor
  • Just because it has “IS” does not mean it’s a metaphor
  • She is pretty
  • I think he is nice
  • NOT EXAMPLES!
personification
Personification
  • Giving human characteristics to something that is not human.
  • Example:
    • The weather smiled at us on our wedding day.
    • The trees arms stretched up toward the sky.
  • Your turn…
personification1
Personification
  • MORE EXAMPLES
  • The shadow of the day will embrace the world in gray
  • This love is killing me
  • When the city sleeps…
symbol
Symbol
  • A person, place, activity, or an object that stands for something beyond itself.
  • Example:
    • The American Flag.
    • The Olympic Games.
    • The Cross
  • Can you think of others?
symbol1
Symbol

This symbolizes the Toyota car company

In poetry and in literature, winter usually symbolizes the end of life.

slide14
PUN!
  • A joke that comes from a play on words.
  • Example:
    • Two pencils decided to have a race. The outcome was a draw.
    • Hockey players are terrible chess players because they are always getting checked.
    • Tennis players don\'t marry because Love means Nothing to them.
idiom
Idiom
  • An expression that has meaning different from the meaning of its individual words.
  • For example:
    • “hold your horses” does not literally mean to hold the reigns of a horse, it means “slow down.”
    • “I’m on the fence.”
    • “That test was a piece of cake.”
irony
Irony
  • A specific type of contrast between appearance and reality- usually one in which reality is the opposite from what it seems.
  • When something happens that you did not expect.
  • Example:
    • you read a supposed love letter from your significant other and at the end they break up with you.
    • You expect every one in a story to live happily ever after and they die in a car wreck in the end.
imagery
Imagery
  • This consists of descriptive words and phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader. Using descriptive words so the reader can imagine a scene in his/her head.
  • Vague: “It was cold when I walked outside”
  • Example: “As I walked out in the crisp morning, I could feel the frigid air begin to seep into my skin and burn in my lungs.”
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