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UNIT 11 Animals. PartA_1. Communicative Function. Listening Strategy. Useful Expressions. Making Suggestions

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parta 1
PartA_1

Communicative Function

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • Making Suggestions
  • In daily life we are often approached by our friends or relatives for advice. In return we make suggestions to them as to what they should do. In other words, we put forward an idea for them to consider. In this exercise we are going to focus on various ways of making suggestions in English
  • Now listen to the recording and complete the conversation.
parta 11
PartA_1

Communicative Function

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • A: Linda, I want to buy Tom a pet for his birthday. What shall I give him? Could you give me some suggestions?
  • B: Why don’t you buy him a dog? Dogs are so friendly.
  • A: Yes, I know. But he has got a dog.
  • B: How about a rabbit? Rabbits are lovely.
  • A: But Tom doesn’t like rabbits.
  • B: Have you thought about buying him a bird?

________________________________

______________________

__________________________________________________

parta 12
PartA_1

Communicative Function

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • A: He hates birds.
  • B: Then you can buy him some tropical fish. They are pretty.
  • A: That’s a good idea. Where can I get them?
  • B: The market. Shall we go right now?
  • A: All right.

___

________________________

____________________________

parta 3
PartA_3

Communicative Function

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • Detecting Liaison in Connected Speech
  • In connected speech words are not spoken separately. The final consonant of a word is often linked to the first vowel of the next word. This is called liaison. Liaison occurs most often with the sound /r/. When a word ending with “r” or “re” goes before a word beginning with a vowel sound, the sound /r/ is usually pronounced as a link.
  • Listen to the recording and supply the missing words in the following blanks.
parta 31
PartA_3

_________________________________

_____________

Communicative Function

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

_________________________

  • 1. Nowadays more and more people keep animals like dogs and cats as pets.
  • 2. Some people would be interested in a dog care center.
  • 3. An average day at Dog Ma costs a dog owner about 25 dollars.
  • 4. This is a big helpfor those dog owners who do not drive.
  • 5. Dogs are friendly but they need to be fed and taken out for a walk every day.
  • 6. Grandma doesn’t want a bird for a pet because birds make a lot of noise and a lot of mess.

_____________

____________________

__________________

______________________

__________________________________________

parta 4
PartA_4

Communicative Function

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • Useful Expressions for Making Suggestions
  • 1. Don’t you think we should (take the dog for a walk)?
  • 2. Shall we (get some dog food from that store)?
  • 3. Why don’t we (buy Johnny a pet for a gift)?
  • 4. Why don’t you (leave your dog to your neighbor while you’re on holiday)?
  • Why not (feed the cat now)?
  • How about (buying some tropical fish)?
  • 7. What about (building a hutch for the rabbit)?
parta 41
PartA_4

Communicative Function

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • 8. You’d better (clean up the rabbit hutch).
  • 9. If I were you I’d (go and buy a parrot in the market).
  • 10. Have you thought about (having a dog for company)?
  • 11. I was wondering if you’d ever thought of (buying Jimmy some goldfish for his birthday).
  • 12. I think it might be a good idea to (buy him a pet mouse. He was born in the year of the Rat).
partb 1
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • Here are some useful sentences and structures that you might find handy in discussing the questions in Pair Work:
  • I’ve got a dog / cat / hamster / turtle / at home. It’s cuddly / a cute little thing and just like my friend.
  • I love my dog / cat for it never bothers me / always listens and never answers back.
  • My pet is a good companion / makes me laugh / helps me make friends with other people with pets / keeps me fit because I have to take it out for walks / gives me unconditional love.
partb 11
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • My dog is / intelligent / clever / loyal / reliable / quick to sense my anger or sorrow.
  • I couldn’t help crying / feeling really sad / when my dog went missing / fell ill / got hurt.
  • Pets are good company, especially for lonely old people / to help people kill loneliness.
  • It’s relaxing watching tropical fish swimming in the tank.
  • People are spending a great deal of money on their pets every year.
partb 12
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • Keeping pets costs time and money. I can’t afford either.
  • Some owners never clear away their pets’ feces in public places, which, as a result, have polluted our environment.
  • Pet dogs and cats can transmit / might be a vehicle of disease to human beings.
  • I don’t think it’s right to cage birds, chain dogs and keep cats locked inside the house.
partb 13
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • People feel sorry to leave their pets alone at home when they go on holiday / a business trip.
  • People ask their next door neighbor / friends / relatives to look after their pets when they are away.
partb 1 2
PartB_1_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • Questions for Discussion
  • Do you or your family keep pets? Why or why not?
  • What animals or birds do you think are good as pets?
  • What are the positive effects of having a pet to the owner? (Consider, for example, companionship, the healing power of pets, etc.)
  • What is the negative side of keeping animals as pets?
  • What do people do with their pets when they are away from home?
  • Do you have any solution to the problem?
partb 1 2 demo
PartB_1_2_demo

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

2. What animals or birds do you think are good as pets?

I think the best animal we can keep at home is a cat. A cat, especially a white cat, is my favorite. Cats are relatively clean and quiet. They don’t eat much and they are clever. What’s more, the owners don’t have to walk their cats in the early morning when most people are still sleeping in bed. So we often see people walk their dogs in the morning, but never see anyone walk their cats.

partb 1 2 demo2
PartB_1_2_demo2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

4. What is the negative side of keeping animals as pets?

As the saying goes, there are always two sides to a coin. The bad thing about keeping a pet is that the owner has to spend a lot of time and sometimes money on the pet. A pet can cause different kinds of trouble, too. As it is an animal after all and you cannot always expect it to understand or keep the rules of human beings. Another bad thing is that, when animals become people’s pets, they lose their freedom.

partb 2
PartB_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 1. furry n. covered with fur 毛茸茸的
  • 2. guilty a. suffering from a sense of guilt 内疚的,自责的
  • 3. average a. ordinary, usual 平常的,普通的
  • 4. extra a. additional 额外的
  • 5. overnight a. for or during the night 在夜间
partb 21
PartB_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 6.dog day-care center a place where dogs are sent to be taken care of when their owners are away or at work, usually during the day 宠物狗日托中心
  • 7. Rebecca 丽贝卡(女子名)
partb 2 2
PartB_2_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 1. Background information
  • Westerners like keeping animals, especially dogs, as pets. Dogs are considered very good and loyal companions to their owners. Stories abound about how they bravely saved their owners in dangerous and difficult situations and what healing power pets can have. However, dogs need to be fed and taken out for a walk several times a day. It is very difficult for owners who work long hours to take care of their pets. Some
partb 2 21
PartB_2_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • owners in American cities employ professional dog walkers to take their dogs out for exercise and recreation. These people often have five or even ten dogs at one time on leashes. Dog owners also feel sad to leave their pets at home while they go on holiday. So the idea of a day-care center for dogs has caught on and business at such centers is booming.
  • 2. The Capitol Building
  • the building that houses the U.S. Congress
partb 2 22
PartB_2_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 3. furry friend
  • Referring to the dog. “Furry” means covered with “fur”, which is the thick, short, soft hair of certain animals such as dogs and bears.
partb 2 3
PartB_2_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • Listen to the recording once and choose the right
  • answers to the questions.
  • 1. What is Dog Ma? a. A center which accepts stray dogs sent by warm-hearted people. b. A center where dogs are taken care of when their owners are away or at work.
  • c. A center where dogs are trained according to their owners’ requirements. d. A center where a dog can do whatever it likes so long as its owner has paid.
partb 2 31
PartB_2_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 2. What can you learn from the passage?
  • a. Dog Ma seems to have a long history.
  • b. Dog Ma seems to be a state-owned business.
  • c. Dog Ma seems aimed at people with a good income.
  • d. Dog Ma seems to be located in the country.
partb 2 4
PartB_2_4

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Listen to the recording again and decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F).

1. Rebecca is called Dog Ma because she is like a mother to dogs who need to be taken care of.( F )

2. Rebecca had two dogs and she sent them to a day-care center for dogs during workdays.( F )

3. Rebecca opened Dog Ma because she was not very successful in her career.( F )

partb 2 41
PartB_2_4

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

4. Most of the dogs sent to the center are over one year old. ( T )

5. There are now five workers at the center and each one usually takes care of 30 dogs a day. ( F )

6. In Washington D.C. some people often work extra hours and don’t have much time to stay with their pets. ( T )

partb 2 script
PartB_2_Script

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

partb 3
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • Listen to the conversations and repeat after the recording. Practise the conversations with your partner, playing the role of A or B. Then work with your partner to create your own conversations by replacing the underlined parts with your own words.
partb 31
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • A: It must be very difficult for dogs to live in cities.
  • B: 1) Why’s that?
  • A: Well, most of them are locked up in apartments when their owners are away.
  • B: 2) That’s true. But there must be 3) a lot of excitement for them sometimes too, when they are taken out for a walk. All the people in the streets, and the other pets, and all the interesting smells,especially from restaurants …
partb 32
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • A: 4) You’re making me hungry ... Yeah, but I think all dogs would really prefer to be 5) running wild, and chasing smaller animals.
  • B: 6) Yes, exactly. It’s their nature.
  • A: I’ve heard that in major American cities, many people employ “dog walkers” to take their dogs out for some exercise.
  • B: 7) Some people do use dog walkers, yes. I’ve seen that. One person walking along with five or ten dogs at one time on leashes.
  • A: 8)It must be quite a sight.
partb 33
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • Substitution
  • 1) Why do you think so / What makes you say so?
  • 2) Quite true / You’re right.
  • 3) much fun / happy moments
  • 4)You make me think of food / You make my mouth water.
partb 34
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • 5) running around in open spaces
  • 6) Definitely.
  • 7) Right, some people actually hire people to walk their dogs.
  • 8) It must be quite something to look at. / That must be quite a spectacle.
partb 3 b
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • A: Hi, Carol. What are you reading?
  • B: Oh, Hi, Tom. I’m reading 1) an interesting article about pets. It says there are actual medical benefits from owning pets. 2) Can you believe it?
  • A: Well, from my experience I know 3) watching tropical fish swimming in a tank canmake you feel so relaxed.
  • B: Mmm, that’s true — the gentle movements, the lovely colors. But medical tests have shown that people’s blood pressure actually goes down when they talk to their pets.
partb 3 b1
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • A: Well, animals — especially dogs — give such unselfish love. 4) So it’s no surprise. you feel relaxed when you talk to your dog.
  • B: Yes, dogs are 5) terrific companions.
  • A: Sure. Does the article say anything about the downside of owning a pet?
  • B: Well, it does mention that having a pet 6) can limit your freedom.
partb 3 b2
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • A: Quite true. 7) You don’t want to go out and leave your pet alone at home.
  • B: Certainly not. I guess it’s almost like having another child to take care of.
  • A: Well, sometimes you have to 8) give up a little freedom to get affection.
partb 3 b3
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • Substitution
  • 1) an amusing / a fascinating
  • 2) Do you think it’s true / Are you aware of that?
  • 3) it is very relaxing to watch a tropical fish swimming in a fish tank
  • 4) So, it’s only natural that
partb 3 b4
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • 5) wonderful friends to people
  • 6) may make it difficult for you to travel
  • 7) You’d feel bad to leave your pet all by itself at home.
  • 8) make some sacrifice to win love
partc 1
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

A Passage The Missing Cat and the Injured Dog

Listen to the passage and choose the right answers to the questions.

partc 11
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

1. What is the main idea of the two true stories?

a. Dogs are cleverer than cats.

b. Pets often go missing.

c. Humans should not let their pets out of their sight.

d. Humans care greatly for their pets.

partc 12
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

2. Why is the cat missed by so many people at the college?

a. He is very popular with teachers and students.

b. He belongs to the president of the college.

c. He is a wise and knowledgeable cat.

d. He is often seen wandering on campus.

partc 13
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

3. How long has the cat been missing?

a. Three days.

b. Three weeks.

c. Six months.

d. Not for long.

partc 14
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

4. Where was the dog when his master contacted the animal hospital?

a. He was already at Ford’s home.

b. He was nowhere to be found.

c. He was lying in the road with his bones broken.

d. He was already at the hospital.

partc 15
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

  • 5. How seriously was the dog injured?
  • a. His right leg was broken.
  • b. His back was covered in bruises.
  • c. He had a few bruises but there was nothing serious.
  • d. He suffered a heavy loss of blood.
partc 1 script
PartC_1_script

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 2
PartC_2

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

partc 21
PartC_2

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

partc 2 a
PartC_2_a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

Tarzan 电影中小男孩的名字 (婴儿时期被遗落在丛林,被丛林中的猿养大。)

Kala 电影中抚养Tarzan长大的母猿

menace n. 威胁

comfy a. 舒服的

chuckle v. 轻轻地笑

giggle v. 咯咯笑

ape n. 猿

outrun v. 比……跑得快

partc 2 a1
PartC_2_a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

Zugor 电影中丛林中一个怪物,所有动物都很怕它

ghost story 鬼怪故事

count on 依靠,指望

better off 幸福

yawn v. 打哈欠

trunk n. 树干

twisted a. 扭曲的

partc 2 b
PartC_2_b

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

  • 1. What can be inferred about Tarzan from the video clip?
    • a. Tarzan often hurt some ape babies.
    • b. Some apes were not friendly to Tarzan.
    • c. Tarzan didn’t like to play with apes.
    • d. Tarzan often made mistakes.
partc 2 b 2
PartC_2_b_2

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

  • 2. What upset Tarzan?
    • a. He was afraid he might bring danger to his mom.
    • b. He was treated badly by apes.
    • c. A monster in the jungle was looking for him.
    • d. He often made his mother unhappy.
partc 2 b 3
PartC_2_b_3

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

  • 3. What was the feature of the big tree?
    • a. The tree was evergreen.
    • b. The tree was big enough to protect apes.
    • c. The tree was strong because of many trunks.
    • d. The tree had strange appearance.
partc 2 b 4
PartC_2_b_4

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

  • 4. What did Kala try to teach Tarzan?
    • a. The jungle monster was not real.
    • b. Tarzan was a member of ape family.
    • c. Tarzan needed to learn not to hurt apes.
    • d. Apes were in great need of Tarzan’s help.
partc 2 c
PartC_2_c

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

partc 3a
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Pictures

Look at these pictures and describe them one by one.

partc 3a1
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3a2
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3a3
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3a4
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

1. A girl and a dog:

keep a dog as a pet / good friend / companion, spend a lot of time with the dog, learn something from a dog, a dog can help its owner do many things;

things to do for a dog: feed / clean / train / take care of it, take the dog for a walk, find it worthwhile (值得) to take the time and trouble

partc 3a5
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

2. An old man and his sheep:

raise sheep for a living, keep a large number of sheep, treat his sheep as his children, different colors / sizes / ages;

sheep-raising as an industry, many uses for sheep wool / milk

partc 3a6
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

3. Dinosaurs (恐龙):

lived long, long / millions of years ago, no people then, huge animal, … times as big as a present-day horse;

different types of dinosaurs: on land / in water, ate plants / meat, killed other animals, died out (绝迹), see dinosaurs in pictures / in movies such as “The Jurassic Park” (侏罗纪公园), fossils of dinosaurs in museums

partc 3a a
PartC_3a_a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3a b
PartC_3a_b

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3a c
PartC_3a_c

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partd 1
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

  • A Passage
  • Listen to the passage and choose the right answers to the questions.
partd 11
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

  • 1. What is the passage mainly about?
  • a. How animals find their way in migration.
  • b. What scientists did to discover the truth about how birds find their way in migration.
  • c. Why some animals like to travel in groups.
  • d. What “internal clock” means.
partd 12
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

  • 2. What was proved by the experiment mentioned in the passage?
  • a. Birds could tell the difference between the real sky and the artificial sky.
  • b. Birds have a built-in clock inside them.
  • c. Birds could see the stars and would move when the stars change positions.
  • d. Birds always flew towards the south.
partd 13
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

  • 3. What do migrating birds do if cloudy weather lasts for a long time?
  • a. They set off on their long journey, relying on their internal clock.
  • b. They put off their long journey until the weather clears.
  • c. They follow experienced birds which have made the journey before.
  • d. They follow the magnetic field of the earth for direction.
partd 14
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

  • 4. How do most migrating animals travel?
  • a. They travel in family groups.
  • b. They travel on clear days and nights.
  • c. They travel together in large numbers.
  • d. They travel independently.
partd 15
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

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