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Spivey Writing. Harold W. Smith Elementary School. Agenda. Characteristics of Effective Writing Main Sentence Trunk Precise Nouns and Vivid Verbs Action Expander. Characteristics of Effective Writing. Word Choice Conventions Grammatically Correct Sentence Fluency Ideas

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spivey writing

Spivey Writing

Harold W. Smith Elementary School

slide2

Agenda

  • Characteristics of Effective Writing
  • Main Sentence Trunk
  • Precise Nouns and Vivid Verbs
  • Action Expander
slide3

Characteristics of

Effective Writing

  • Word Choice
  • Conventions
  • Grammatically Correct
  • Sentence Fluency
  • Ideas
  • Varied Sentence Length
  • Voice
slide4

Main Sentence Trunk

who

what

action

The dog ran .

slide5

The 5 Criteria of Main Sentence Trunk

  • Capital letter
  • Subject (noun)
  • Predicate (verb)
  • Ending mark
  • Complete thought
slide6

Your Turn!

  • Write a Main Sentence Trunk.
  • Code it to reflect the five criteria.
slide7

Precise Nouns

The animal moved.

What kind of animal?

slide8

Vivid Verbs

The kangaroo moved.

How did the kangaroo move?

How can you make it more vivid without adding an adverb?

What verb relates to a kangaroo?

human sentences
Human Sentences

old

man

slept.

The

slide10

Action Expanders

The kangaroo hopped.

When?

Where?

How?

Why?

slide11

Action Expanders

anchor chart

Where?

across the field

over the grass

by the river

between the rocks

among the mountains

beside the fence

under the trees

Prepositional Phrases

slide12

Action Expanders

(with where)

By the river,

by the river.

the kangaroo hopped.

The kangaroo hopped

slide13

Action Expanders

anchor chart

When?

at night

early in the morning

late in the evening

at sunrise

yesterday

five days ago

before sunset

slide14

Action Expanders

(with when)

by the river.

By the river,

the kangaroo hopped

the kangaroo hopped

At sunrise

at sunrise.

slide15

Action Expanders

anchor chart

How?

-ly

with

without

by

like

as

unlike

different than

slowly

silently

quickly

clumsily

timidly

sadly

happily

Adverbs

slide16

Action Expanders

(with how)

silently

By the river,

by the river.

the kangaroo hopped

silently

the kangaroo hopped

at sunrise.

At sunrise

slide17

Action Expanders

anchor chart

Why?

because*

so that

since

to + action

Conjunctions*

slide18

Action Expanders

(with why)

By the river,

by the river

the kangaroo hopped

silently

silently

because she was looking for food.

the kangaroohopped

at sunrise

At sunrise

because she was looking for food.

slide19

Action Expanders

Text Structure

Noun Expanders

slide20

Noun Expanders

  • Describers
  • With and That Phrases
  • Renamers and Repeaters
  • -ing and -ed
slide21

Noun Expanders

anchor chart

Describers

color words

size words

shape words

Adjectives

nice

pretty

Watch out for boring adjectives!

slide22

Noun Expanders

(with describer)

the kangaroo hopped

At sunrise

silently

large

because she was looking for food.

by the river

slide23

Noun Expanders

anchor chart

With & That

Phrases

with a shaggy coat

with a bow in her hair

with blue eyes

that walked with a limp

that laughed at everything

that sang like a bird

nice

pretty

Watch out for boring adjectives!

slide24

Noun Expanders

(with “with” phrase)

large

the

with the brown fur

At sunrise

silently

kangaroo

because she was

looking for food.

by the river

hopped

slide25

Noun Expanders

large

the

with the brown fur

At sunrise

silently

kangaroo

because she was

looking for food.

by the river

“Surround the Noun”

hopped

slide26

What do Students Need to Know to Transfer the MST to the Paragraph Level?

  • Types of Text Structures
  • Definitions
  • Reformatting maps/organizers
  • Questions
slide28

Transfer MST with Action Expander

to Narrative Genre

The girl swam.

+

to entertain

While on vacation in Hawaii, the little girl swam in the ocean beside her big brother.

slide29

Transfer MST with Action Expander

to Expository Genre

to explain

The girl swam.

+

Upon receiving scuba certification, the girl swam along the coastline of California to catalog the types of indigenous water plants.

slide31

Taking the Action Expander to the Paragraph Level

The child cried hysterically because she couldn’t find her dog. Sniffle. When she settled down she began to look for Skeeter. Her eyes scanned the area. She looked all around the yard hoping that Skeeter was there. She got up from the swing. Walking to the front of the house she looked down the street quickly. Wait! Out of the corner of her eye she saw a small shape zip into the street. It was Skeeter.

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