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Spivey Writing. Harold W. Smith Elementary School. Agenda. Characteristics of Effective Writing Main Sentence Trunk Precise Nouns and Vivid Verbs Action Expander. Characteristics of Effective Writing. Word Choice Conventions Grammatically Correct Sentence Fluency Ideas

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Spivey writing

Spivey Writing

Harold W. Smith Elementary School


Agenda

  • Characteristics of Effective Writing

  • Main Sentence Trunk

  • Precise Nouns and Vivid Verbs

  • Action Expander


Characteristics of

Effective Writing

  • Word Choice

  • Conventions

  • Grammatically Correct

  • Sentence Fluency

  • Ideas

  • Varied Sentence Length

  • Voice


Main Sentence Trunk

who

what

action

The dog ran .


The 5 Criteria of Main Sentence Trunk

  • Capital letter

  • Subject (noun)

  • Predicate (verb)

  • Ending mark

  • Complete thought


Your Turn!

  • Write a Main Sentence Trunk.

  • Code it to reflect the five criteria.


Precise Nouns

The animal moved.

What kind of animal?


Vivid Verbs

The kangaroo moved.

How did the kangaroo move?

How can you make it more vivid without adding an adverb?

What verb relates to a kangaroo?


Human sentences
Human Sentences

old

man

slept.

The


Action Expanders

The kangaroo hopped.

When?

Where?

How?

Why?


Action Expanders

anchor chart

Where?

across the field

over the grass

by the river

between the rocks

among the mountains

beside the fence

under the trees

Prepositional Phrases


Action Expanders

(with where)

By the river,

by the river.

the kangaroo hopped.

The kangaroo hopped


Action Expanders

anchor chart

When?

at night

early in the morning

late in the evening

at sunrise

yesterday

five days ago

before sunset


Action Expanders

(with when)

by the river.

By the river,

the kangaroo hopped

the kangaroo hopped

At sunrise

at sunrise.


Action Expanders

anchor chart

How?

-ly

with

without

by

like

as

unlike

different than

slowly

silently

quickly

clumsily

timidly

sadly

happily

Adverbs


Action Expanders

(with how)

silently

By the river,

by the river.

the kangaroo hopped

silently

the kangaroo hopped

at sunrise.

At sunrise


Action Expanders

anchor chart

Why?

because*

so that

since

to + action

Conjunctions*


Action Expanders

(with why)

By the river,

by the river

the kangaroo hopped

silently

silently

because she was looking for food.

the kangaroohopped

at sunrise

At sunrise

because she was looking for food.


Action Expanders

Text Structure

Noun Expanders


Noun Expanders

  • Describers

  • With and That Phrases

  • Renamers and Repeaters

  • -ing and -ed


Noun Expanders

anchor chart

Describers

color words

size words

shape words

Adjectives

nice

pretty

Watch out for boring adjectives!


Noun Expanders

(with describer)

the kangaroo hopped

At sunrise

silently

large

because she was looking for food.

by the river


Noun Expanders

anchor chart

With & That

Phrases

with a shaggy coat

with a bow in her hair

with blue eyes

that walked with a limp

that laughed at everything

that sang like a bird

nice

pretty

Watch out for boring adjectives!


Noun Expanders

(with “with” phrase)

large

the

with the brown fur

At sunrise

silently

kangaroo

because she was

looking for food.

by the river

hopped


Noun Expanders

large

the

with the brown fur

At sunrise

silently

kangaroo

because she was

looking for food.

by the river

“Surround the Noun”

hopped


What do Students Need to Know to Transfer the MST to the Paragraph Level?

  • Types of Text Structures

  • Definitions

  • Reformatting maps/organizers

  • Questions


Transfer MST with Action Expander

to Narrative Genre

The girl swam.

+

to entertain

While on vacation in Hawaii, the little girl swam in the ocean beside her big brother.


Transfer MST with Action Expander

to Expository Genre

to explain

The girl swam.

+

Upon receiving scuba certification, the girl swam along the coastline of California to catalog the types of indigenous water plants.


Taking the Action Expander to the Paragraph Level

The child cried hysterically because she couldn’t find her dog. Sniffle. When she settled down she began to look for Skeeter. Her eyes scanned the area. She looked all around the yard hoping that Skeeter was there. She got up from the swing. Walking to the front of the house she looked down the street quickly. Wait! Out of the corner of her eye she saw a small shape zip into the street. It was Skeeter.


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