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Chapter 6. The Beginnings of Rome. As Greece began to decline, Rome was developing its power. Rome. The city developed because of its location, and its fertile soil Locate midway between the Alps and the southern tip of Italy. Ancestors.

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The beginnings of rome
The Beginnings of Rome

As Greece began to decline, Rome was developing its power.


Rome

The city developed because of its location, and its fertile soil

Locate midway between the Alps and the southern tip of Italy


Ancestors
Ancestors

  • The earliest settlers to the Italian peninsula are identified by three groups

    • ______– farmers and shepherds who wandered into Italy about 1000 B.C.

    • _______– had established about 50 city states, during the height of the empire

    • _________– Native to northern Italy, skilled metal workers and engineers


Etruscan kings
Etruscan Kings

Under Etruscan kings Rome grew into a city of nearly 500 square miles


Etruscan kings1
Etruscan Kings

  • Tarquin the Proud, a tyrant was the last king of Rome

  • Romans created a new government


An early republic
An Early Republic

The Romans formed a republic, in which the government rests with the citizens


An early republic1
An Early Republic

  • Different groups struggled for power

  • One group was the patricians:

  • The other important group was the plebeians:


An early republic2
An Early Republic

  • Claimed that their ancestry gave them the right to make laws for Rome and its people

  • Eventually allowed to form their own assembly and elect representatives called tribunes (tribunes protect the right of Plebeians)



An early republic4
An Early Republic

Rome

Monarchy Kings

Aristocracy Nobles

Democracy People


The roman army
The Roman Army

The military were organized into legions, 5000 soldiers (infantry)


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