TRADITIONAL. BREAST FEEDING PRACTICES IN SLUMS UNDER GUWAHATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION. Prof.J.N. Sharma Dhrubajyoti Sharma* Dept. Of Paediatrics Gauhati Medical college. INTRODUCTION.
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BREAST FEEDING PRACTICES IN SLUMS UNDER GUWAHATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
Dept. Of Paediatrics
Gauhati Medical college
INITIATION OF BREAST FEEDING
Time since birth at initiation
42% initiated within one hour.
HISTOGRAM SHOWING TIME AT INITIATION IN
3 RELIGIONS IN THE PRESENT STUDY
Time since birth at initiation of Breast feeding
59.25% Hindu initiated within 1 hr.
22.72% Muslim initiated within 1hr.
Sikhs initiated after second day.
according to place of delivery and literate-illiterate
84(68.29%)hospital deliveries initiated within 1hr. in contrast with 42(23.72%)home deliveries.(p value<.05)
69(57.02%)literate initiated within 1 hr. in contrast with 57(31.84%)illiterate.(p value<.05)
Source of information for initiation within 1hr.
46% received information from Doctor.12% from Radio/TV and 10% received information from Nurse.
11%know themselves that breast feeding should be initiated within 1hr (experienced).
6%traditionally initiated within 1 hr (no source).
INTRODUCTION OF PRELACTEALS
56.67% introduced prelacteals.
INTRODUCTION OF PRELACTEALS
IN 3 RELIGIONS
42.59% Hindu,71.97% Muslim introduced prelacteals and
100% Sikh introduced prelacteals.
INTRODUCTION OF PRELACTEALS ACCORDING TO PLACE OF DELIVERY AND LITERATE-ILLITERATE
90.39% home deliveries and 8.13% hospital deliveries introduced prelacteals(p value<.05).
69.27%illiterate and 38.01%literate introduced prelacteals(p value<.05).
COLOSTRUM FEEDING WITHIN
4 HRS. OF BIRTH
54% fed colostrums within 4 hrs. of birth.
COLOSTRUM FEEDING WITHIN 4 HRS. IN 3 RELIGIONS
74.07% Hindu and 32.57% Muslim fed colostrums within 4 hrs of birth.
Sikh did not feed colostrums within 4 hrs of birth.
PLACE OF DELIVERY LITERATE-ILLITERATE IN
COLOSTRUM FEEDING WITHIN 4 HRS.
98.37% hospital deliveries and 23.72% home deliveries fed colostrums within 4 hrs of birth(p value <.05).
76.85% literate and 39.1% illiterate fed colostrums within 4 hrs of birth(p value<.05).
REASONS AND BELIEFS FOR NOT FEEDING COLOSTRUMS
40.87% believed that milk is not present in the breast during 1to3 days after birth .
13.13% not fed because colostrum is harmful for the baby.
In 10.94% Panditji advised.
EXCLUSIVE BREAST FEEDING
Duration of Exclusive Breast Feeding
34.67% practiced EBF for 6 months.
36.67% practiced EBF for 7to9 months.
8% for 2-3 months and 6% continued up to 10-12 months.
EBF FOR 6 MONTHS IN SOME
51.02%Assamese speaking Hindu.
21% in Assamese speaking Muslim.
24% in Bengali speaking Muslim.
PLACE OF DELIVERY AND LITERATE-ILLITERATE
IN EBF FOR 6 MONTHS
66.67% hospital and 16.38% home deliveries practiced EBF
for 6 months(p value<.05).52.89% literate and 22.34% illiterate
Practiced EBF for 6 months(p value<.05).
SOURCE OF INFORMATION FOR EBF
FOR 6 MONTHS
60% received information from Doctors.14% know themselves(experienced).
6% traditionally practiced EBF for 6 months(no source).
CONTINUED BREAST FEEDING
UPTO OR BEYOND 2 YEARS
98% continued up to or beyond 2 years.
SOURCE OF INFORMATION FOR CONTINUED BREAST FEEDING UP TO OR BEYOND 2 YEARS
78% continued for traditional reason(no source).