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Amphetamines. A PowerPoint Presentation by Ariel Lee Edgar. The science of Amphetamines. Amphetamines, like other stimulants, are known to increase the heart and respiration rates of an individual.

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Amphetamines

A PowerPoint Presentation by Ariel Lee Edgar

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The science of Amphetamines

  • Amphetamines, like other stimulants, are known to increase the heart and respiration rates of an individual.
  • Amphetamines are also known to raise blood pressure dilate the pupils and decrease one’s appetite.
  • Amphetamines increase the levels of nor epinephrine and dopamine in the brain.
  • Amphetamines cause stimulation through the direct release of catecholamine in the storage vesicles in cells.
  • Amphetamines may cause feeling of euphoria, depression, and/or anxiety.
  • Amphetamines may also cause blurry vision, nausea, and insomnia.
  • Amphetamines are also promoters of eating disorders such as anorexia since they promote weight loss by suppressing appetite
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How are Amphetamines Used?

  • Amphetamines are used for various reasons:
  • Since amphetamines increase alertness, concentration, and endurance they are often used for therapeutic reasons.
  • One use is to counter act the effects of narcolepsy.
  • Another use of amphetamines is to help patients with certain learning disabilities like ADD and ADHD.
  • On some rare occasions amphetamines are used to treat severe depression.
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Phenethylamine is the Basic Chemical Structure behind Amphetamines.

C8H11N

  • Some common Phenethylamines include:
  • Dopamine
  • Epinephrine
  • Nor epinephrine
  • Ephedrine
  • Pseudoephedrine
  • Cathinone
  • Amphetamines
  • Methamphetamine
  • MDA
  • MDMA
  • MDMC
  • DOM
  • DOB
  • DOI
  • Methylphenidate
  • Albuterol
  • Clenbuterol
  • ETC……this is not one of them…
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A Few Facts on Amphetamines

  • Elvis Presley had a problem of habitual consumption of amphetamines. He used it not only for energy but also because he wanted to alleviate chronic insomnia.
  • In the 1960’s-1970’s doctors prescribed amphetamines for weight loss. It eventually led to insomnia, increased anxiety, and psychosis.
  • Most chemicals needed to produce methamphetamines are supplied by Mexican traffickers, Czech, Indian, or Chinese.
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World War II helped spur both medical and black market abuse of amphetamines.

  • German Panzer troops were taking large doses of methamphetamines in order to drive away fatigue and maintain their endurance over long flights and air raids on Poland, France, Belgium, etc…
  • The Japanese soldiers and factory workers were by far the most extensive abuses of amphetamines since both duties required great physical endurance.
  • Both Axis and Allied powers used the drugs during the course of the war.
  • The U.S didn’t authorize use of amphetamines until the Korean conflicts brought forth desperation.( use of Benzedrine tablets and as much as 80 million-100million supplied by the U.S alone)
  • Many pilots were involved in bootlegging operations.

A Brief History of Amphetamines

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Citations

  • The History of Drugs:Amphetamines by Nancy
  • Harris
  • www.wikipedia.com