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Amphetamines. A PowerPoint Presentation by Ariel Lee Edgar. The science of Amphetamines. Amphetamines, like other stimulants, are known to increase the heart and respiration rates of an individual.

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Amphetamines

A PowerPoint Presentation by Ariel Lee Edgar


The science of Amphetamines

  • Amphetamines, like other stimulants, are known to increase the heart and respiration rates of an individual.

  • Amphetamines are also known to raise blood pressure dilate the pupils and decrease one’s appetite.

  • Amphetamines increase the levels of nor epinephrine and dopamine in the brain.

  • Amphetamines cause stimulation through the direct release of catecholamine in the storage vesicles in cells.

  • Amphetamines may cause feeling of euphoria, depression, and/or anxiety.

  • Amphetamines may also cause blurry vision, nausea, and insomnia.

  • Amphetamines are also promoters of eating disorders such as anorexia since they promote weight loss by suppressing appetite


How are Amphetamines Used?

  • Amphetamines are used for various reasons:

  • Since amphetamines increase alertness, concentration, and endurance they are often used for therapeutic reasons.

  • One use is to counter act the effects of narcolepsy.

  • Another use of amphetamines is to help patients with certain learning disabilities like ADD and ADHD.

  • On some rare occasions amphetamines are used to treat severe depression.


Phenethylamine is the Basic Chemical Structure behind Amphetamines.

C8H11N

  • Some common Phenethylamines include:

  • Dopamine

  • Epinephrine

  • Nor epinephrine

  • Ephedrine

  • Pseudoephedrine

  • Cathinone

  • Amphetamines

  • Methamphetamine

  • MDA

  • MDMA

  • MDMC

  • DOM

  • DOB

  • DOI

  • Methylphenidate

  • Albuterol

  • Clenbuterol

  • ETC……this is not one of them…


A Few Facts on Amphetamines Amphetamines.

  • Elvis Presley had a problem of habitual consumption of amphetamines. He used it not only for energy but also because he wanted to alleviate chronic insomnia.

  • In the 1960’s-1970’s doctors prescribed amphetamines for weight loss. It eventually led to insomnia, increased anxiety, and psychosis.

  • Most chemicals needed to produce methamphetamines are supplied by Mexican traffickers, Czech, Indian, or Chinese.


  • World War II helped spur both medical and black market abuse of amphetamines.

  • German Panzer troops were taking large doses of methamphetamines in order to drive away fatigue and maintain their endurance over long flights and air raids on Poland, France, Belgium, etc…

  • The Japanese soldiers and factory workers were by far the most extensive abuses of amphetamines since both duties required great physical endurance.

  • Both Axis and Allied powers used the drugs during the course of the war.

  • The U.S didn’t authorize use of amphetamines until the Korean conflicts brought forth desperation.( use of Benzedrine tablets and as much as 80 million-100million supplied by the U.S alone)

  • Many pilots were involved in bootlegging operations.

A Brief History of Amphetamines


Citations of amphetamines.

  • The History of Drugs:Amphetamines by Nancy

  • Harris

  • www.wikipedia.com