Organising student support using accessible electronic documents e books and audiobooks an overview
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Organising Student support using accessible electronic Documents, e-Books and Audiobooks: an Overview. Jan Engelen KU Leuven (Belgium) ULD, Brno 2013. Overview.

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Organising student support using accessible electronic documents e books and audiobooks an overview

Organising Student support using accessible electronic Documents, e-Books and Audiobooks: an Overview

Jan EngelenKU Leuven (Belgium)

ULD, Brno 2013


Overview

Overview

Initial remark: taking support seriously is requested by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [article 4, paragraphs (f) & (g)]

  • Functional limitations – university students

  • Accessible documents

  • A role for e-books and audiobooks?

  • Video techniques and accessibility

  • Student support organisation

  • Some extra remarks


Major functional limitations some background

Major functional limitations, some background

۞ Deafness

  • Books = OK, but mother tongue of deaf people often is sign language!

  • Following courses

    • Human interpretation

      • Audio to sign language (language dependent)

      • Audio to text: Velotype, Textreporting, Text-on-top, Premier Captioning…

    • Automatic interpretation

      • Liberated Learning Consortium (audio to text)

      • Automatic Sign Language generation (text to sign language), under development

    • Delayed teaching

      ۞Hard of Hearing

  • relatively simple solutions: earphones wirelessly connected to the public address system


Liberated learning consortium

Liberated Learning Consortium

  • The Liberated Learning Consortium is an international research network dedicated to advancing speech recognition technology and techniques to create and foster barrier-free learning environments to improve accessibility. 

  • The Liberated Learning Consortium conducts research and development on two interrelated applications:

    • Using speech recognition to automatically caption spoken language and display it as readable text

    • Using speech recognition to produce and disseminate accessible, multimedia transcripts


Reading impaired students

Reading impaired students

  • Who are they?

    • Students with low vision, blindness, a severe motor handicap not permitting them to handle normal books, or dyslexia

  • Reading techniques

    • Low vision

      • Large print, electronic enlargement (CCTV, magnifiers…)

    • Blind students

      • Electronic reading of documents

      • Documents converted into accessible formats (Braille, audio..)

    • Motor handicap

      • Electronic documents

    • Dyslexia

      • On screen documents (for overview) and speech output (for details)


Jan engelen ku leuven belgium uld brno 2013

۞ Low vision

  • Special enlargement systems needed

    • CCTV

    • Combining images (lecture, course material, own notes)

  • A few examples:

    • blackboard camera

    • electronic teaching boards


Special camera

Special camera


Simple video splitter epiphan

Simple video splitter (Epiphan)


Accessible documents overview

Accessible documents: overview

  • pure text files

  • word processing files: .doc, .docx, . odt

  • HTML, LaTEX

  • PDF/UA

  • KES & SPRINT formats (dyslexia), also Claro, Woody etc.

  • Talking books (mp3, Daisy…)

  • Multimedia books (Hybrid books 3.0, video with closed captioning, etc.)


Production paths

Production paths

  • Common

    • 3 ways to start: converting publisher files, scanning/OCR, retyping complex documents

  • Specific

    • direct use of wordprocessing files

    • filtering pure text out of other document types (e.g. PDF or HTML)

    • PDF (tagged) or KES/Sprint formats [dyslectics]


Jan engelen ku leuven belgium uld brno 2013

ADOD

  • Recently started by the Inclusive Design Research Centre (IDRC) in Toronto (Jutta Treviranus)

    • info on the use, usability and accessibility of Office type documents

    • “12 General techniques” (cf. website)

    • internationalization is progressing


Open accessibility framework

Open Accessibility Framework


Sensomath

SensoMath


Students with dyslexia

Students with dyslexia

  • Need both visual and audio output

    • Visual output: mostly for overview

    • Audio output: for detailed reading

  • Two well known systems

    • Kurzweil (www.kurzweiledu.com)

    • Sprint (www.jabbla.com)

  • ADIBIB software

    • Basically a PDF editor to improve usability of PDF books in an educational setting


E books audiobooks

e-books / audiobooks

  • Technicalities of e-books

    • E-books come in quite different formats and are often protected/plagued by DRM systems

    • Formats evolve slowly towards the ePub format (xml based); especially ePub3 is important

    • Specialised readers do exist and made e-books popular (Kindle, Cybook …) but are gradually overtaken by smartphones and tablet pc’s


E books audiobooks1

e-books / audiobooks

  • Technicalities of audiobooks

    • Audiobooks on audio cd’s (79,8 min. max. per cd)

    • also in protected formats, but often simple mp3 is used

    • Daisybooks

  • Important: future versions of an ePub document and a Daisy book will be easily converted into each other


Video techniques in education

Video techniques in education

Recording courses has several advantages:

  • some editing still can be done afterwards

  • combining several video sources (video, audio, slides etc..) is possible without professional studio equipment (e.g. Hybrid book 3.0, Videolab…)

  • adding subtitles and descriptive texts (audiodescription) becomes possible


Youtube 1

YouTube (1)

  • Subtitling/Closed Captioning (CC) via link between video and a separate file possible since 2009

  • several languages

  • automatic speech recognition (Google voice) ; recognised speech turned into captioning text (which can be finetuned afterwards)

  • YouTube search engine also searches subtitle text.


Youtube 2

YouTube (2)


Youtube 3

YouTube (3)


Ku leuven videolab 1

KU Leuven Videolab (1)


Ku leuven videolab 2

KU Leuven Videolab (2)


Ku leuven support centre

KU Leuven support centre

  • Support for students with a functional limitation started in the early 80’s

  • Leuven had (and still has) a unique guidance approach: a whole group of volunteer-students is recruited for each student with a limitation. Often they do also live together in a couple of specialised residences

  • For this approach, KU Leuven got the EU Helios II award for Social integration in 1995


Ku leuven support centre1

KU Leuven support centre

  • KU Leuven is co-organiser (together with the University of New Orleans) of the “International Conference on Higher Education and Disability” (next in July 2013)

  • 6 years ago, KU Leuven created a specialised support group to assure electronic accessibility (info, schedules, course materials etc.)

  • Currently: support is given by mainstream depts such as ICTS, the University Library, Learning support centre (DOeL) and the university library, together with specialised persons from the central support group for students with a limitation


Ku leuven students

KU Leuven: students


Ku leuven students1

KU Leuven: students


Recent developments

Recent developments

iPAD/iPhone accessibility

  • tablets are promoted as educational support device

  • iOS devices (iPhone/iPad) have accessible working modes built in (VoiceOver); Android devices still lagging somewhat behind

  • number of specialised software Apps is booming (over 120 inventorised by Visio-NL)


Some ideas

Some ideas

  • Access to studies involves several types of accessibility, not only ICT accessibility

  • A university must make its infrastructure accessible but document accessibility is to be taken seriously by the teaching staff. Be prepared for a lot of arguing…

  • There is not such a thing as an accessible book: context of use and reading capabilities determine the format of the documents that should be offered


More ideas

More ideas

  • A university with a well organised support will be very attractive for the students with a limitation, sometimes giving other institutions an excuse for not doing it at all…

  • Technology is changing rapidly: a support service must take training, knowledge gathering and feedback from other specialists seriously


Jan engelen ku leuven belgium uld brno 2013

Thanks

Jan EngelenKath. Univ. Leuven (Belgium)[email protected](support by the KU Leuven groups: DOeL, Cel Studeren met Functiebeperking, BIB & ICTS is highly appreciated)


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