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Unit 1: Colonial America. Bell Ringer : Why do people move?. Compile of list of 5 reasons on your own. Now compare that list with a partner’s list. Which of those reasons would apply to Europeans in the 1500s and 1600s?. Causes of Exploration Activity.

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Unit 1 colonial america

Unit 1: ColonialAmerica

Bell ringer why do people move
Bell Ringer: Why do people move?

Compile of list of 5 reasons on your own.

Now compare that list with a partner’s list.

Which of those reasons would apply to Europeans

in the 1500s and 1600s?

Causesof Exploration Activity

Each group read pages 20-25 in the text book.

2. Describe the topic your group was assigned.

Include these three items:

a. What was the ________?

b. How did it affect European life?

c. Why did it encourage people to explore?


Group Topics:

Social Hierarchy 2) Renaissance

Crusades 4) Reformation

5) Commerce & Rise of Nations 6) Exploration

Causes of Exploration

The Crusades


Weak Monarchs

Ends Isolation

Want a Better Life

New Things

Gain More Freedom

Gain new lands



Train Sailors & Explorers

Get Colonies & Resources

New Inventions

New Trade Routes

Gain Wealth & Power

New Learning

The Renaissance


Br write down three things you remember from yesterday s lesson
BR: Write down three things you remember from yesterday’s lesson…

In ONE minute, find someone and


I. Life lesson…in Europe

A. Feudalism

1. Weak Monarchs

  • a. Divided landinto

  • Manors controlled

  • by nobles

  • b. People living in the

  • manor worked for

  • the noble

i. Lives revolved

around the manor

ii. Poor living

conditions and education

B. lesson…Crusades: 12th to 14th centuries

  • 1. Muslims invaded the Holy Lands

  • a. European kings asked to take them back

  • 2. Exposed the Europeans to new things

a. Spices: ginger, tea, and pepper

  • b. Technology: Gun powder, and telescopes

  • 3. Europeans increased trade to get these items

  • a. Items cost too much from traders

b. Create their own routes

i.Lower price, Increase profit

Crusader Routes lesson…

C. lesson…Renaissance: 14th to 17th centuries

  • 1. Revival in learning and invention

  • 2. New technology:

a. Magnetic Compass

b. Astrolabe

c. Printing


d. Caraval

a. Trained sailors and explorers

to find trade routes

  • 4. Christopher Columbus

  • a. First Spanish Colony in

  • 1493 in Haiti

Ticket out the door t o d

3 – reasons why Europeans explored

2—things you thought were interesting

1—question you still have about the lesson

II. First leave Europe.English Attempts – off coast of

present-day North Carolina

A. Roanoke Island – 1585

1. Sponsored by Sir Walter


2. 100 men give up after one year

B. Roanoke Island – 1587 “The Lost Colony”

1. Raleigh sends 117 men, women, & children

2. 3years later they have disappeared

3. Clue – “CROATOAN” carved on a


What happened to roanoke island
What happened to Roanoke Island? leave Europe.

With a partner, read the evidence gathered on Roanoke and

determine which theory is most plausible?

Edmodo leave Europe. ActivityLog onto your laptops and go to www.edmodo.com.Create a student account and then go to the link provided there in order to explore the Jamestown passenger lists.

Digital Textbook: leave Europe.www.classzone.comGo to Sign in and create a new student accountActivation Code is:4921755-10

Bell ringer what things would be needed to have a good site to build a colony on
Bell Ringer: leave Europe.What things would be needed to have a good site to build a colony on?

III. Jamestown, Virginia – 1607 leave Europe.

A. Investors form a joint-stock

company & sponsor settlement

1. Guaranteed colonists the same

rights they had in England.

B. First PERMANENT English

settlement in the New World

1. Site – swampy peninsula (good defense, not


2. Settlers - 100 male adventurers & soldiers – not


3. Goal was to find GOLD, not obtain

supplies for winter

Jamestown Fort & leave Europe.Settlement (CG)

Jamestown Housing leave Europe.

Jamestown Settlement leave Europe.

Jamestown Chapel, 1611 leave Europe.

C. Captain leave Europe.John Smith takes over

1. Obtains supplies

from Indians

2. Forces men to work –

“no work, no eat”

There was no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold…

3. Pocahontas Legend leave Europe.

A 1616 engraving

Pocahontas “saves” Captain John Smith

D. Conditions are very difficult leave Europe.

1. Half the settlers die during the first year

2. “Starving Times” – almost 90% of the

settlers died during the winter of 1609-1610

  • 1607: 104 colonists

  • By spring, 1608: 38 survived

  • 1609: 300 more immigrants

  • By spring, 1610: 60 survived

  • 1610 – 1624: 10,000 immigrants

  • 1624 population: 1,200

  • Adult life expectancy: 40 years

  • Death of children before age 5: 80%

3. Conflict with Native Americans leave Europe.

  • a. General mistrust because

  • of different cultures &

  • languages.

  • b. English raided Indian

  • food & supplies

  • c. Take more land as they

  • expanded

Powhatan Uprising leave Europe.of 1622

E. Tobacco leave Europe.

1. John Rolfe developed

a money-making crop

2. Economy based on

tobacco sold to England

Virginia’s gold and silver. -- John Rolfe, 1612

Early Colonial Tobacco leave Europe.

1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco.

1622 — Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco.

1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco.

1629 — Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.

F. Growth of Virginia leave Europe.

1. House of Burgesses – first elected assembly in the New World

  • a. Control over finances, militia, make laws

2. Indentured Servants leave Europe.

a. Receive passage to New World in return for


b. Work for 5-7 years for the person who paid

  • c. Promised “freedom dues” [land and £]

  • d. Virginians got 50 acres for each passage they paid.

3. leave Europe.Slavery – Twenty Africans brought to Jamestown

in 1619

  • a. Their status was not clear  slaves or indentured servants.

English Tobacco Label

IV. Colonizing leave Europe.New England

A leave Europe.. Massachusetts – Plymouth Colony

1. Pilgrims – 1620

a. Separatists who broke away from the

Church of England & were being persecuted

b. Poor people with little power

c. Sail from England on the


i. 102 people including

Captain Myles Standish.

2. Government leave Europe.

a. Based on the Mayflower Compact

Agreement signed before the settlers

left the boat

c. Led to adult male settlers meeting in assemblies to make laws in town meetings.

The Mayflower Compact leave Europe.November 11, 1620

Prediction: leave Europe.Based on the beliefs of the Pilgrims, what do you think their policy would be toward Native Americans?Think for a moment and then discuss it with your partner.

3. Native Americans leave Europe.

a. Helped the people – farming, fishing, hunting

b. Squanto – Native American

who spoke English!

c. Thanksgiving – Fall of 1621

Summarizing activity working with a partner complete the chart comparing jamestown to plymouth
Summarizing Activity: leave Europe.Working with a partner, complete the chart comparing Jamestown to Plymouth

Vocabulary Review: leave Europe.*1’s Quiz your partner on the meanings of the first 7 vocab words.* 2’s Quiz your partner on the meanings of the second 7 vocab words.*If they do not know tell them*

Br how did the beliefs and values of the settlers affect the development of the colonies
BR: leave Europe.How did the beliefs and values of the settlers affect the development of the colonies?

B leave Europe.. Massachusetts – Massachusetts Bay Colony

1. Puritans – 1630

a. Wanted to reform (or purify) the Church of


b. Well-educated & well-supplied

c. Sailed from England with 17 ships and 1000


Within 10 years, 20,000 more Puritans


e. Purpose – set up a model colony based on

THEIR beliefs

First Seal of MA Bay leave Europe.

Boston: leave Europe.

Capital of

Massachusetts Bay

2. Government leave Europe.

a. No separation of church of state

Only white, male, church members could


c. No dissent was allowed

d. First Governor:

John Winthrop

We shall be as a city on a hill..

Critical Thinking: leave Europe.Based on their beliefs and form of government, what problems would the Puritans be likely to face in the New World?Think and discuss your ideas with a partner.

CP Primary Source Activity: leave Europe.Read the transcript of part of the Salem Witch Trials, and then answer the following questions.

What information is the court attempting to gather about the defendants?

2. How is the testimony of Tituba and Sarah Osborne similar and different?

3. What impact did the beliefs and form of government in Puritan MA, have on the Trials.

3. Native Americans leave Europe.

a. Puritans try to convert Indians

b. Indian lands are taken – usually by force

King Philip’s War (1675-76)

  • Metacom “King Philip”

    • United Indians and attacked white settlements

    • Failed to take back land

    • Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.

    • His son and wife sold into slavery.

    • Never a serious threat again

Summarizing point how did geography impact the settlements of jamestown plymouth and boston
Summarizing Point: leave Europe. How did geography impact the settlements of Jamestown, Plymouth, and Boston?

C. Rhode Island (1636) – only New England colony leave Europe.

to allow religious freedom

1. Roger Williams

a. Disagreed with the

Puritans & was kicked

out of MA

b. Set up a colony in which

all religions were tolerated

c. Believed in separation of

church & state

Summarizing Reading Activity: leave Europe.Read the American Portrait of Anne Hutchinson and then answer the questions listed under the Reviewing the Portrait Section.

2. Anne Hutchinson leave Europe.

a. Disagreed with the

Puritans & was kicked

out of MA

b. Welcomed in

Rhode Island

  • She and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County, NY.

D leave Europe.. Other New England Colonies

1. Connecticut (1636)

– founded by Thomas

Hooker & other Puritans

who were looking for rich


2. New Hampshire (1637)

formed by John

Wheelwright & other

critics of the Puritans;

fishing & trading were


Bell Ringer: leave Europe.How did the religious beliefs of the Puritans impact the settlement of the New England colonies?

V. Settling leave Europe.the Middle Colonies

A. New York (1664) leave Europe.

1. Originally owned by the Dutch (New Amsterdam)

2. Charles II granted the land to his brother,

James the Duke of York

King Charles II

The Duke of York

New leave Europe.York, 1664

New Jersey (1664) leave Europe.

1. Land given to Lord Berkeley & Sir George

Carteret, supporters of Charles II

Lord Berkeley

Sir George Carteret

C leave Europe.. Pennsylvania (1681)

1. William Penn (1644-1718)

a. Member of a wealthy

English family

b. Joined the Society of

Friends (Quakers) at

age 23

  • i. Refused to pay taxes to the Church of England, met without paid clergy, and quaked during services

c. Family unhappy, and jailed for his beliefs

2. Land in the New World leave Europe.

a. William Penn’s father (Admiral Sir William Penn)

loaned £16,000 to Charles II

b. Land given to Penn as payment

c. Penn receives charter for “Pensilvania”

(Latin for “Penn’s Woods”)

3. The Colony leave Europe.

a. A “Holy Experiment”

b. Native Americans treated fairly

(at first)

i. Bought the land from Indians.

c. All religions are tolerated

Penn’s Treaty with leave Europe.the Native Americans

Philadelphia leave Europe.

D. Delaware (1682) leave Europe.

1. The three lower counties of PA broke off

2. Named after Lord De La Warr [harsh military governor of VA in 1610].

Summary Point: leave Europe.What similarities and differences were there within the Middle Colonies and as they were compared with the New England Colonies?

Br how is the geography of the southern colonies different from that of the northern colonies
BR: leave Europe.How is the geography of the Southern colonies different from that of the Northern colonies?

A. Maryland (1632) leave Europe.

1. A royal charter granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore

2. A haven for Catholics

St Mary’s City leave Europe.(1634)

B. North and South Carolina (1663) leave Europe.

1. Settled by 8 proprietors who had helped

Charles II regain the throne

2. North – subsistence farming & naval stores

(turpentine, tar)

3. South – plantations of rice & indigo; shipping

Rice & Indigo Exports leave Europe.from SC & GA: 1698-1775

Port of Charles Town, SC leave Europe.

Also named for King Charles II of England.

Became the busiest port in the South.

C. Georgia (1732) leave Europe.

  • 1. Founded by James Oglethorpe and named after King George II

2. Created as a Social


  • a. The poor from

  • England were brought

  • to the colony

Ethnic Groups leave Europe.

T.O.D leave Europe.How did the challenges and hardships of colonization change the participants and the world they explored and settled?Write a 1 paragraph answer for tomorrow including examples to illustrate your arguments.