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Unit 1: Colonial America. Bell Ringer : Why do people move?. Compile of list of 5 reasons on your own. Now compare that list with a partner’s list. Which of those reasons would apply to Europeans in the 1500s and 1600s?. Causes of Exploration Activity.

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Unit 1: Colonial America

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Unit 1: ColonialAmerica


Bell Ringer: Why do people move?

Compile of list of 5 reasons on your own.

Now compare that list with a partner’s list.

Which of those reasons would apply to Europeans

in the 1500s and 1600s?


Causesof Exploration Activity

Each group read pages 20-25 in the text book.

2. Describe the topic your group was assigned.

Include these three items:

a. What was the ________?

b. How did it affect European life?

c. Why did it encourage people to explore?

YOU HAVE 20 MINUTES!!!

Group Topics:

Social Hierarchy2) Renaissance

Crusades4) Reformation

5) Commerce & Rise of Nations6) Exploration


Causes of Exploration

The Crusades

Feudalism

Weak Monarchs

Ends Isolation

Want a Better Life

New Things

Gain More Freedom

Gain new lands

European

Exploration

Train Sailors & Explorers

Get Colonies & Resources

New Inventions

New Trade Routes

Gain Wealth & Power

New Learning

The Renaissance

Competition


BR: Write down three things you remember from yesterday’s lesson…

In ONE minute, find someone and

GIVE ONE, GET ONE…


I. Life in Europe

A. Feudalism

1. Weak Monarchs

  • a. Divided landinto

  • Manors controlled

  • by nobles

  • b. People living in the

  • manor worked for

  • the noble

i. Lives revolved

around the manor

ii. Poor living

conditions and education


B. Crusades: 12th to 14th centuries

  • 1. Muslims invaded the Holy Lands

  • a. European kings asked to take them back

  • 2. Exposed the Europeans to new things

a. Spices: ginger, tea, and pepper

  • b. Technology: Gun powder, and telescopes

  • 3. Europeans increased trade to get these items

  • a. Items cost too much from traders

b. Create their own routes

i.Lower price, Increase profit


Crusader Routes


C. Renaissance: 14th to 17th centuries

  • 1. Revival in learning and invention

  • 2. New technology:

a. Magnetic Compass

b. Astrolabe

c. Printing

Press

d. Caraval


  • 3. Prince Henry the Navigator

a. Trained sailors and explorers

to find trade routes

  • 4. Christopher Columbus

  • a. First Spanish Colony in

  • 1493 in Haiti


TICKET OUT THE DOOR (T.O.D.)

3 – reasons why Europeans explored

2—things you thought were interesting

1—question you still have about the lesson


Bell Ringer—Create a list of reasons why people wanted to leave Europe.


II. First English Attempts – off coast of

present-day North Carolina

A. Roanoke Island – 1585

1. Sponsored by Sir Walter

Raleigh

2. 100 men give up after one year

B. Roanoke Island – 1587 “The Lost Colony”

1. Raleigh sends 117 men, women, & children

2. 3years later they have disappeared

3. Clue – “CROATOAN” carved on a

doorpost


What happened to Roanoke Island?

With a partner, read the evidence gathered on Roanoke and

determine which theory is most plausible?


Edmodo ActivityLog onto your laptops and go to www.edmodo.com.Create a student account and then go to the link provided there in order to explore the Jamestown passenger lists.


Digital Textbook:www.classzone.comGo to Sign in and create a new student accountActivation Code is:4921755-10


Bell Ringer:What things would be needed to have a good site to build a colony on?


III. Jamestown, Virginia – 1607

A. Investors form a joint-stock

company & sponsor settlement

1. Guaranteed colonists the same

rights they had in England.

B. First PERMANENT English

settlement in the New World

1. Site – swampy peninsula (good defense, not

health)

2. Settlers - 100 male adventurers & soldiers – not

farmers

3. Goal was to find GOLD, not obtain

supplies for winter


Jamestown Fort & Settlement Map


Jamestown Fort & Settlement (CG)


Jamestown Housing


Jamestown Settlement


Jamestown Chapel, 1611


C. Captain John Smith takes over

1. Obtains supplies

from Indians

2. Forces men to work –

“no work, no eat”

There was no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold…


3. Pocahontas Legend

A 1616 engraving

Pocahontas “saves” Captain John Smith


D. Conditions are very difficult

1. Half the settlers die during the first year

2. “Starving Times” – almost 90% of the

settlers died during the winter of 1609-1610

  • 1607: 104 colonists

  • By spring, 1608: 38 survived

  • 1609: 300 more immigrants

  • By spring, 1610: 60 survived

  • 1610 – 1624: 10,000 immigrants

  • 1624 population: 1,200

  • Adult life expectancy: 40 years

  • Death of children before age 5: 80%


3. Conflict with Native Americans

  • a. General mistrust because

  • of different cultures &

  • languages.

  • b. English raided Indian

  • food & supplies

  • c. Take more land as they

  • expanded


The Nightmare of Jamestown


Powhatan Uprisingof 1622


E. Tobacco

1. John Rolfe developed

a money-making crop

2. Economy based on

tobacco sold to England

Virginia’s gold and silver. -- John Rolfe, 1612


Early Colonial Tobacco

1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco.

1622 — Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco.

1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco.

1629 — Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.


F. Growth of Virginia

1. House of Burgesses – first elected assembly in the New World

  • a. Control over finances, militia, make laws


2. Indentured Servants

a. Receive passage to New World in return for

labor

b. Work for 5-7 years for the person who paid

  • c. Promised “freedom dues” [land and £]

  • d. Virginians got 50 acres for each passage they paid.


3.Slavery – Twenty Africans brought to Jamestown

in 1619

  • a. Their status was not clear  slaves or indentured servants.

English Tobacco Label


BR: Brainstorm—What do you know about the Pilgrims?


IV. Colonizing New England


A. Massachusetts – Plymouth Colony

1. Pilgrims – 1620

a. Separatists who broke away from the

Church of England & were being persecuted

b. Poor people with little power

c. Sail from England on the

Mayflower

i. 102 people including

Captain Myles Standish.


2. Government

a. Based on the Mayflower Compact

Agreement signed before the settlers

left the boat

c. Led to adult male settlers meeting in assemblies to make laws in town meetings.


The Mayflower CompactNovember 11, 1620


Prediction:Based on the beliefs of the Pilgrims, what do you think their policy would be toward Native Americans?Think for a moment and then discuss it with your partner.


3. Native Americans

a. Helped the people – farming, fishing, hunting

b. Squanto – Native American

who spoke English!

c. Thanksgiving – Fall of 1621


Summarizing Activity:Working with a partner, complete the chart comparing Jamestown to Plymouth


Vocabulary Review: *1’s Quiz your partner on the meanings of the first 7 vocab words.* 2’s Quiz your partner on the meanings of the second 7 vocab words.*If they do not know tell them*


BR:How did the beliefs and values of the settlers affect the development of the colonies?


B. Massachusetts – Massachusetts Bay Colony

1. Puritans – 1630

a. Wanted to reform (or purify) the Church of

England

b. Well-educated & well-supplied

c. Sailed from England with 17 ships and 1000

people

Within 10 years, 20,000 more Puritans

arrived

e. Purpose – set up a model colony based on

THEIR beliefs


Sources of Puritan Migration


First Seal of MA Bay


Boston:

Capital of

Massachusetts Bay


2. Government

a. No separation of church of state

Only white, male, church members could

vote

c. No dissent was allowed

d. First Governor:

John Winthrop

We shall be as a city on a hill..


Critical Thinking:Based on their beliefs and form of government, what problems would the Puritans be likely to face in the New World?Think and discuss your ideas with a partner.


CP Primary Source Activity:Read the transcript of part of the Salem Witch Trials, and then answer the following questions.

What information is the court attempting to gather about the defendants?

2. How is the testimony of Tituba and Sarah Osborne similar and different?

3. What impact did the beliefs and form of government in Puritan MA, have on the Trials.


3. Native Americans

a. Puritans try to convert Indians

b. Indian lands are taken – usually by force

King Philip’s War (1675-76)

  • Metacom “King Philip”

    • United Indians and attacked white settlements

    • Failed to take back land

    • Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.

    • His son and wife sold into slavery.

    • Never a serious threat again


Summarizing Point: How did geography impact the settlements of Jamestown, Plymouth, and Boston?


C. Rhode Island (1636) – only New England colony

to allow religious freedom

1. Roger Williams

a. Disagreed with the

Puritans & was kicked

out of MA

b. Set up a colony in which

all religions were tolerated

c. Believed in separation of

church & state


Summarizing Reading Activity:Read the American Portrait of Anne Hutchinson and then answer the questions listed under the Reviewing the Portrait Section.


2. Anne Hutchinson

a. Disagreed with the

Puritans & was kicked

out of MA

b. Welcomed in

Rhode Island

  • She and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County, NY.


D. Other New England Colonies

1. Connecticut (1636)

– founded by Thomas

Hooker & other Puritans

who were looking for rich

farmland

2. New Hampshire (1637)

formed by John

Wheelwright & other

critics of the Puritans;

fishing & trading were

important


New England Spreads Out


Population of the New England Colonies


New England Colonies, 1650


Bell Ringer:How did the religious beliefs of the Puritans impact the settlement of the New England colonies?


V. Settling the Middle Colonies


A. New York (1664)

1. Originally owned by the Dutch (New Amsterdam)

2. Charles II granted the land to his brother,

James the Duke of York

King Charles II

The Duke of York


Duke of York’s Original Charter


New York, 1664


New Jersey (1664)

1. Land given to Lord Berkeley & Sir George

Carteret, supporters of Charles II

Lord Berkeley

Sir George Carteret


C. Pennsylvania (1681)

1. William Penn (1644-1718)

a. Member of a wealthy

English family

b. Joined the Society of

Friends (Quakers) at

age 23

  • i. Refused to pay taxes to the Church of England, met without paid clergy, and quaked during services

c. Family unhappy, and jailed for his beliefs


2. Land in the New World

a. William Penn’s father (Admiral Sir William Penn)

loaned £16,000 to Charles II

b. Land given to Penn as payment

c. Penn receives charter for “Pensilvania”

(Latin for “Penn’s Woods”)


Royal Land Grant to Penn


3. The Colony

a. A “Holy Experiment”

b. Native Americans treated fairly

(at first)

i. Bought the land from Indians.

c. All religions are tolerated


Penn’s Treaty with the Native Americans


Philadelphia


D. Delaware (1682)

1. The three lower counties of PA broke off

2. Named after Lord De La Warr [harsh military governor of VA in 1610].


Summary Point:What similarities and differences were there within the Middle Colonies and as they were compared with the New England Colonies?


BR: How is the geography of the Southern colonies different from that of the Northern colonies?


VI. Settling the Southern Colonies


A. Maryland (1632)

1. A royal charter granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore

2. A haven for Catholics


Colonization of Maryland


St Mary’s City (1634)


B. North and South Carolina (1663)

1. Settled by 8 proprietors who had helped

Charles II regain the throne

2. North – subsistence farming & naval stores

(turpentine, tar)

3. South – plantations of rice & indigo; shipping


Rice & Indigo Exportsfrom SC & GA: 1698-1775


Port of Charles Town, SC

Also named for King Charles II of England.

Became the busiest port in the South.


C. Georgia (1732)

  • 1. Founded by James Oglethorpe and named after King George II

2. Created as a Social

Experiment

  • a. The poor from

  • England were brought

  • to the colony


Ethnic Groups


T.O.DHow did the challenges and hardships of colonization change the participants and the world they explored and settled?Write a 1 paragraph answer for tomorrow including examples to illustrate your arguments.


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