Unit 1: Colonial America. Bell Ringer : Why do people move?. Compile of list of 5 reasons on your own. Now compare that list with a partner’s list. Which of those reasons would apply to Europeans in the 1500s and 1600s?. Causes of Exploration Activity.
Unit 1: ColonialAmerica
Compile of list of 5 reasons on your own.
Now compare that list with a partner’s list.
Which of those reasons would apply to Europeans
in the 1500s and 1600s?
Causesof Exploration Activity
Each group read pages 20-25 in the text book.
2. Describe the topic your group was assigned.
Include these three items:
a. What was the ________?
b. How did it affect European life?
c. Why did it encourage people to explore?
YOU HAVE 20 MINUTES!!!
Social Hierarchy2) Renaissance
5) Commerce & Rise of Nations6) Exploration
Causes of Exploration
Want a Better Life
Gain More Freedom
Gain new lands
Train Sailors & Explorers
Get Colonies & Resources
New Trade Routes
Gain Wealth & Power
In ONE minute, find someone and
GIVE ONE, GET ONE…
I. Life in Europe
1. Weak Monarchs
i. Lives revolved
around the manor
ii. Poor living
conditions and education
B. Crusades: 12th to 14th centuries
a. Spices: ginger, tea, and pepper
b. Create their own routes
i.Lower price, Increase profit
C. Renaissance: 14th to 17th centuries
a. Magnetic Compass
a. Trained sailors and explorers
to find trade routes
3 – reasons why Europeans explored
2—things you thought were interesting
1—question you still have about the lesson
II. First English Attempts – off coast of
present-day North Carolina
A. Roanoke Island – 1585
1. Sponsored by Sir Walter
2. 100 men give up after one year
B. Roanoke Island – 1587 “The Lost Colony”
1. Raleigh sends 117 men, women, & children
2. 3years later they have disappeared
3. Clue – “CROATOAN” carved on a
With a partner, read the evidence gathered on Roanoke and
determine which theory is most plausible?
Edmodo ActivityLog onto your laptops and go to www.edmodo.com.Create a student account and then go to the link provided there in order to explore the Jamestown passenger lists.
III. Jamestown, Virginia – 1607
A. Investors form a joint-stock
company & sponsor settlement
1. Guaranteed colonists the same
rights they had in England.
B. First PERMANENT English
settlement in the New World
1. Site – swampy peninsula (good defense, not
2. Settlers - 100 male adventurers & soldiers – not
3. Goal was to find GOLD, not obtain
supplies for winter
Jamestown Fort & Settlement Map
Jamestown Fort & Settlement (CG)
Jamestown Chapel, 1611
C. Captain John Smith takes over
1. Obtains supplies
2. Forces men to work –
“no work, no eat”
There was no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold…
3. Pocahontas Legend
A 1616 engraving
Pocahontas “saves” Captain John Smith
D. Conditions are very difficult
1. Half the settlers die during the first year
2. “Starving Times” – almost 90% of the
settlers died during the winter of 1609-1610
3. Conflict with Native Americans
Powhatan Uprisingof 1622
1. John Rolfe developed
a money-making crop
2. Economy based on
tobacco sold to England
Virginia’s gold and silver. -- John Rolfe, 1612
Early Colonial Tobacco
1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco.
1622 — Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco.
1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco.
1629 — Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.
F. Growth of Virginia
1. House of Burgesses – first elected assembly in the New World
2. Indentured Servants
a. Receive passage to New World in return for
b. Work for 5-7 years for the person who paid
3.Slavery – Twenty Africans brought to Jamestown
English Tobacco Label
IV. Colonizing New England
A. Massachusetts – Plymouth Colony
1. Pilgrims – 1620
a. Separatists who broke away from the
Church of England & were being persecuted
b. Poor people with little power
c. Sail from England on the
i. 102 people including
Captain Myles Standish.
a. Based on the Mayflower Compact
Agreement signed before the settlers
left the boat
c. Led to adult male settlers meeting in assemblies to make laws in town meetings.
The Mayflower CompactNovember 11, 1620
Prediction:Based on the beliefs of the Pilgrims, what do you think their policy would be toward Native Americans?Think for a moment and then discuss it with your partner.
3. Native Americans
a. Helped the people – farming, fishing, hunting
b. Squanto – Native American
who spoke English!
c. Thanksgiving – Fall of 1621
Vocabulary Review: *1’s Quiz your partner on the meanings of the first 7 vocab words.* 2’s Quiz your partner on the meanings of the second 7 vocab words.*If they do not know tell them*
B. Massachusetts – Massachusetts Bay Colony
1. Puritans – 1630
a. Wanted to reform (or purify) the Church of
b. Well-educated & well-supplied
c. Sailed from England with 17 ships and 1000
Within 10 years, 20,000 more Puritans
e. Purpose – set up a model colony based on
Sources of Puritan Migration
First Seal of MA Bay
a. No separation of church of state
Only white, male, church members could
c. No dissent was allowed
d. First Governor:
We shall be as a city on a hill..
Critical Thinking:Based on their beliefs and form of government, what problems would the Puritans be likely to face in the New World?Think and discuss your ideas with a partner.
What information is the court attempting to gather about the defendants?
2. How is the testimony of Tituba and Sarah Osborne similar and different?
3. What impact did the beliefs and form of government in Puritan MA, have on the Trials.
3. Native Americans
a. Puritans try to convert Indians
b. Indian lands are taken – usually by force
King Philip’s War (1675-76)
C. Rhode Island (1636) – only New England colony
to allow religious freedom
1. Roger Williams
a. Disagreed with the
Puritans & was kicked
out of MA
b. Set up a colony in which
all religions were tolerated
c. Believed in separation of
church & state
Summarizing Reading Activity:Read the American Portrait of Anne Hutchinson and then answer the questions listed under the Reviewing the Portrait Section.
2. Anne Hutchinson
a. Disagreed with the
Puritans & was kicked
out of MA
b. Welcomed in
D. Other New England Colonies
1. Connecticut (1636)
– founded by Thomas
Hooker & other Puritans
who were looking for rich
2. New Hampshire (1637)
formed by John
Wheelwright & other
critics of the Puritans;
fishing & trading were
New England Spreads Out
Population of the New England Colonies
New England Colonies, 1650
V. Settling the Middle Colonies
A. New York (1664)
1. Originally owned by the Dutch (New Amsterdam)
2. Charles II granted the land to his brother,
James the Duke of York
King Charles II
The Duke of York
Duke of York’s Original Charter
New York, 1664
New Jersey (1664)
1. Land given to Lord Berkeley & Sir George
Carteret, supporters of Charles II
Sir George Carteret
C. Pennsylvania (1681)
1. William Penn (1644-1718)
a. Member of a wealthy
b. Joined the Society of
Friends (Quakers) at
c. Family unhappy, and jailed for his beliefs
2. Land in the New World
a. William Penn’s father (Admiral Sir William Penn)
loaned £16,000 to Charles II
b. Land given to Penn as payment
c. Penn receives charter for “Pensilvania”
(Latin for “Penn’s Woods”)
Royal Land Grant to Penn
3. The Colony
a. A “Holy Experiment”
b. Native Americans treated fairly
i. Bought the land from Indians.
c. All religions are tolerated
Penn’s Treaty with the Native Americans
D. Delaware (1682)
1. The three lower counties of PA broke off
2. Named after Lord De La Warr [harsh military governor of VA in 1610].
Summary Point:What similarities and differences were there within the Middle Colonies and as they were compared with the New England Colonies?
VI. Settling the Southern Colonies
A. Maryland (1632)
1. A royal charter granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore
2. A haven for Catholics
Colonization of Maryland
St Mary’s City (1634)
B. North and South Carolina (1663)
1. Settled by 8 proprietors who had helped
Charles II regain the throne
2. North – subsistence farming & naval stores
3. South – plantations of rice & indigo; shipping
Rice & Indigo Exportsfrom SC & GA: 1698-1775
Port of Charles Town, SC
Also named for King Charles II of England.
Became the busiest port in the South.
C. Georgia (1732)
2. Created as a Social
T.O.DHow did the challenges and hardships of colonization change the participants and the world they explored and settled?Write a 1 paragraph answer for tomorrow including examples to illustrate your arguments.