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Lesson 12: The Closing Arguments. The Quintilemma (Page 54 in Student Workbook). The Quintilemma. The New Testament presents Jesus as an historical man who claims to be God. The New Testament is correct. The New Testament is not correct. Jesus is a Legend. Jesus meant to be taken

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Lesson 12 the closing arguments

Lesson 12:The Closing Arguments

The quintilemma page 54 in student workbook

The Quintilemma(Page 54 in Student Workbook)

The quintilemma
The Quintilemma

The New Testament presents Jesus as an historical man who claims to be God.

The New Testament is correct.

The New Testament is not correct.

Jesus is aLegend

Jesus meant to be taken

in a mystical sense.

Jesus meant to be taken literally.

Jesus is a Guru.

The claim of deity was false.

The claim of deity was true.

Jesus is LORD.

He knew it was false.

He didn’t know it was false.

Jesus is a Liar.

Jesus is a Lunatic.

The N.T. is historically reliable, confirmed by the Bibliographical Test, Internal Evidence, and External Evidence.

The N.T. therefore gives an accurate picture of Jesus—what He did and what He said.

Ii why not a guru

II. Why Not a Guru?

Jesus was a Jew raised in a strictly monotheistic culture.

Jesus’ teaching was not the teaching of an Eastern mystic, but that of a Jewish rabbi who believed in one transcendent Creator.

“I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: ‘I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept His claim to be God.’ That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic—on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg—or else he would be the devil of Hell.

“You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool; you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to.”

C.S. Lewis.

Iii why not a liar

III. Why Not the Son of God: or else a a Liar?

According to Peter Kreeft, a Christian apologist, Jesus couldn’t be a liar:

“Because he has the wrong psychological profiles. He was unselfish, loving, caring, compassionate, and passionate about teaching truth and helping others to truth. Liars lie for selfish reasons, like money, fame, pleasure or power. Jesus gave up all worldly goods, and life itself.

“Because there is no conceivable motive for his lie. It brought him hatred, rejection, misunderstanding, persecution, torture and death.”

Iv why not a lunatic

IV. Why Not a Lunatic? couldn’t be a liar:

Why Jesus could not have been a lunatic: couldn’t be a liar:

“Because the psychological profiles are opposite. The lunatic lacks the very qualities that shine in Jesus- practical wisdom, tough love, and unpredictable creativity.

“No Jew could sincerely think he was God. No group in history was less likely to confuse the Creator with a creature than the Jews, the only people who had an absolute, and absolutely clear, distinction between the divine and the human.”

V what is the only reasonable option

V. What Is the Only Reasonable couldn’t be a liar:Option?

Jesus is lord

Jesus is couldn’t be a liar:Lord.


Conclusions couldn’t be a liar:

Premise a
Premise A: couldn’t be a liar:

The New Testament is historically accurate; it is a basically reliable and trustworthy document.

Premise b
Premise B: couldn’t be a liar:

On the basis of this reliable document, we have sufficient evidence to believe that Jesus rose from the dead as He predicted He would, and that He fulfilled dozens of other Messianic prophecies.

Premise c
Premise C: couldn’t be a liar:

Jesus’ resurrection and fulfillment of prophecy show that He was who He said He was: the Messiah, the Son of God—God in the flesh.

Premise d
Premise D: couldn’t be a liar:

As the Son of God (God the Son), Jesus Christ is an infallible authority—What He says is absolutely trustworthy.

Premise e
Premise E: couldn’t be a liar:

Jesus Christ taught that the Bible is the Word of God(Matt 5:18, 15:4; Mark 12:36; Luke 24:44–46). He also taught that He is the only way to God (John 14:6).

Conclusion couldn’t be a liar:

If Christ said it, we must believe it. The Bible is the Word of God, and Jesus is the Only Way to God.

Application of lesson

Application of Lesson couldn’t be a liar:

Present the flowchart to an unbeliever who may have doubts about the deity of Christ.

Present the diagram of the general argument for Christianity to someone who doubts the validity of Christianity.

Gospel 1
Gospel 1 about the deity of Christ.

Gospel 1

Gospel 2
Gospel 2 about the deity of Christ.

Gospel 2