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Lesson 12 The Loons. Margaret Laurence Lecturer: Meng Fanyan. Margaret Laurence. Born in Neepawa, Manitoba in Canada in 1926.Her publications include This Side of Jordan (1960), The Stone Angle(1964), A Jest of God (1966), The First Dwellers (1969), and The Diviners (1974).

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Lesson 12 The Loons

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Lesson 12The Loons

Margaret Laurence

Lecturer: Meng Fanyan

Margaret Laurence

  • Born in Neepawa, Manitoba in Canada in 1926.Her publications include This Side of Jordan (1960), The Stone Angle(1964), A Jest of God (1966), The First Dwellers (1969), and The Diviners (1974).

Structural and stylistic analysis

  • Part I. Paras 1 - 2Introduction of the novel, when, where, who, etc. The general background.

  • Part II. Para.3 Para.4 (p. 218)The whole storySection 1. Para.3 (p.206) Para.6 (p.208)Introducing Piquette.Section 2. Para.7 (p.208) Para.2 (p.214)Days together with Piquette at Diamond LakeSection 3. Para.3 (p. 214) Para.2 (p.217)Second meeting with Piquette several years laterSection 4. Para.3 (p.217) Para.4 (p.218)Piquettes death

  • Part III. Para. 5 (on page 218) end.Analogy

Detailed Study of the Text

  • 1. pebble: small stone made smooth and round by the action of water, eg in a stream or on the seashore 2. scrub: underdeveloped trees or shrubsoak scrub oak: short, stunted (short, not-fully-grown) oak tree

  • cf:bush: (large) low growing plant with several or many woody stems coming out from the root (tree: with a single trunk)shrub: (small) plant with woody stem, lower than a tree, & usu. with several separate stems from the root

  • 3. chokecherry: North American wild cherry tree4. thicket: a thick growth of shrubs, underbrush or small trees5. clearing: open space from which trees have been cleared in a forest

  • 6. shack: a small roughly built house, hut, 7. dwelling n (fml) place of residence; house, flat, etc my humble dwelling dwelling-house(esp. law): house used as a residence, not as a place of work 8. cabin: small hut or shelter, usu made of wood cabin class: second highest standard of accommodation on a ship

  • 9. poplar:

  • 10. chink: close the narrow openings with, plaster

  • 11. Batoche:, a village at the centre of Saskatchewan Province, Canada. The battle ground where the Canadian militia beat the rebellious army in 1885. Its been established as the National Park of History now.()

  • 12. Mtis: [meiti:s] half-breed, one of mixed blood, esp. (often cap.) half breed

  • 13. chaos: complete disorder or confusion The burglars left the house in (a state of) chaos. The wintry weather has caused chaos on the roads. chaotic: in a state of chaos; completely disorganized With no one to keep order the situation in the classroom was chaotic.

  • 14. lean-to: small building or shed with its roof resting against the side of a larger building, wall or fence They keep hens in a lean-to at the end of the garden. a lean-to greenhouse

  • 15. warp: cause sth to become bent or twisted from the usual or natural shape, esp because of uneven shrinkage or expansion The damp wood began to warp.The hot sun had warped the cover of the book.

  • 16. lumber: (esp Brit) unwanted pieces of furniture, etc that are stored away or take up space(esp US) = timber

  • 17. coop: cage for small creature

  • 18. tangle: (cause sth to) become twisted into a confused massHer hair got all tangled up in the barbed wire fence.

  • 19. strand: a single piece or threadMany strands are twisted together to form a rope.

  • 20. barb: the sharp point of a fish hook, arrow, etc, with a curved shape which prevents it from being easily pulled out

  • 21. rust: the reddish brown surface that forms on iron when attacked by water and air

  • rusty: covered with rust

  • 22. Patois: a dialect other than the standard illiterate or provincial speech, jargon

  • 23. broken:

  • 1) (of a foreign language) spoken imperfectly; not fluentspeak in broken English

  • 2) (of land) having an uneven surface; roughan area of broken, rocky ground

  • 3) (of a person) weakened and exhausted by illness or misfortuneHe was broken-hearted when his wife died.broken home: family in which the parents have divorced or separated He comes from a broken home. obscenity: offensive, repulsive remarks, cursing, vulgaritylaws against obscenity on the televisionfour letter words: fuck, shit, bull shit

  • 24. belong: to be suitable or advantageous, be in the right placeI don't belong in a place like this.He doesn't belong in the beginner's class.I refuse to go abroad: I belong here.25. Cree: one of the Indian tribes in Canada26. reservation: a piece of land set apart for N. American Indianscf: resort: (a) popular holiday centreseaside, skiing, health, etc resorts Beidaihe is a leading north coast resort. (b) (US) hotel or guest-house for holiday-makers

  • 27. neither fish, flesh nor good red herring / neither flesh, fowl, nor good salt herring : difficult to identify or classify; vague; ambiguous fowl: a. domestic cock or henWe keep a few fowls and some goats. b. flesh of certain types of birds, eaten for foodWe had fish for the first course, followed by roast fowl and fresh vegetables. c. any bird: the fowls of the air waterfowl barnyard fowl wildfowlherring: Atlantic fish, usu swimming in very large shoals( , used for food

  • 28. odd: not regular, occasional, casual, occasional, randomLife would be very dull without the odd adventure now and then.29. section hands / gang: a group of workmen keeping one section of a railway line repaired30. relief: aid in the form of goods, coupon or money given, as by a government agency, to persons unable to support themselveson relief: receiving government aid because of poverty, unemployment, etc.a relief teacher

  • 31. with a face that seemed totally unfamiliar with laughter, would knock at the doors of the towns brick houses This suggests that the Tonnerres had lived a very miserable life. They had never experienced happiness in their whole life. The brick houses indicates the wealthy peoples home. 32. lard: pig fat made pure by melting, used in cookery33. pail: a usu. round open vessel of metal or wood, with handles, used for carrying liquids, bucket (just like the ones we use now)

  • 34. bruise: injury caused by a blow to the body or to a fruit, discolouring the skin but not breaking it He was covered in bruises after falling off his bicycle.35. brawl: noisy quarrel or fighta drunken brawl in a bar 36. howl: long loud wailing cry of a dog, wolf, etc , loud cry of a person expressing pain, scorn, amusement, etc let out a howl of laughter, agony, ragehowl: v.wolves howling in the forest to howl in agony syn: bawl, moan, scream, wail, sob

  • 37. Mountie: member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police mount: ~ sb (on sth) get onto or put (sb) onto a horse, etc for riding; provide (sb) with a horse for ridingHe quickly mounted (his horse) and rode away. He mounted the boy on the horse. The policemen were mounted on (ie rode) black horses. a mounted policemen, ie on horses 38. cell: a small room in a prison

  • 39. sporadic: happening or seen only occasionally or in a few places; occurring irregularly sporadic showers sporadic raids, gunfire, fightingsyn: irregular infrequent, intermittent occasional40. negligible: too slight or unimportant to be worth any attention, of little importance or size; not worth considering a negligible amount, error, effectThis years deficit in foreign trade is negligible.'negligent: not taking or showing enough careHe has been negligent in not locking the doors as he was told to.

  • 41. She existed for me only as a vaguely embarrassing presenceAs far as I am concerned, her presence would only make other people feel ill at ease / uncomfortable.42. hoarse: sounding or growling rough and harsh He shouted himself hoarse. 43. limp: walk unevenly, as when one foot or leg is hurt or stiffThat dog must be hurt; he's limping.The injured footballer limped slowly off the field.

  • Cf: shuffle: walk without lifting the feet completely clear of the ground The prisoners shuffled along the corridor and into their cells. totter and sway, lurch out, droopy hobble(n), stagger, stumble, floppy (These are words used in Argentia Bay to describe Roosevelt)

  • 44. grimy: dirty, messy, filthygrime: dirt, esp in a layer on a surface 45. peculiar: odd or strange, eccentric, strange in a troubling or displeasing waya peculiar taste, smell, noise, etca peculiar feeling that one has been here beforeMy keys have disappeared; it's most peculiar!He's a bit peculiar!

  • 46. flare: burn brightly but briefly or unsteadilyThe match flared in the darkness.flare up: burn suddenly more intensely The fire flared up as I put more logs on it. reach a more violent state; suddenly become angry Violence has flared up again.He flares up at the slightest provocation. (of an illness)recur, happen againMy back trouble has flared up again.

  • 47. It's under control all rightall right:(infml) certainly; beyond doubt; expressing absolute certainty That's the man I saw in the car all right.48. the dickens (infml euph) (used to give emphasis, esp in questions) the Devil Who / What / where the dickens is that? We had the dickens of a job finding the place.

  • 49. take off: go away, departI grabbed my hat and took off for the Town Hall.back: ago, into the pastsome few years backfar back in the Middle ages50. contagious: (of a disease) that can be spread by touch, infectious51. distress: pain, agony, misery

  • 52. bet: I'll bet you $5 that they'll win the next election.He bet me that I couldn't do it.I bet it rains / will rain tomorrow.You bet: certainlyWill you tell her? You bet.53 for Peters sake: for God's / goodness' / Heaven's / goshs / pity's, etc sake (used as an interjection before or after a command or request, or to express irritationFor God's sake, stop that whining!For goodness' sake! How can you be so stupid?

  • 54. cross: rather angry I was cross with him for being late. What are you so cross about? She gave me a cross look. crossly: madly, angrily, irritably55. matron: woman in charge of the nurses in a hospital (now called a senior nursing officer) 56. rigid: stiff; not bending or yielding; strict; firm; unchangingHer face was rigid with terror.He is a man of very rigid principlespractise rigid economy

  • 57. cameo: () a piece of women's ornamental jewellery consisting of a raised shape or figure on the background of a small fine flat stone of a different colour58. mauve: (of) a pale purple colourvein, artery, blood ca?pillary59. stifle: hold back, suppress, restrain, inhibit The children were stifled (killed) by the smoke.I am stifling in this close room.She was getting sleepy and tried to stifle a yawn.The government soon stifled these complaints.suffocate:

  • 60. at that: additionally, besides, as wellIt's an idea, and a good one at that.I made a mistake, and a very bad mistake at that.at that: perhapsShe suggested we should bring the car, and it's not a bad idea at that.61. muse: reflect, ponderOgilvie's voice took on a musing note.

  • 62. Bide-a-Wee: tolerate a little, stay with us a little whileBide: stay, Wee: a littleBoonie Doon: (boonie: love, beautiful)My Boonie lies over the Ocean Bonny: attractive, fair, excellent, fineA bonnie ship 63. bear: show (sth); carry visibly; display The document bore his signature.The ring bears an inscription.

  • 64. austere: without ornament, plainan austere style of paintingShe dressed austerely rather than smartly.65. filigree: ornamental lace-like work of gold, silver or copper ware, delicate ornamental wire work silver filigree jewellery 66. fern 67. raspberry

  • 68. moss: very small green or yellow flowerless plant growing in thick masses on damp surfaces or trees or stones moss-covered rocks, walls 69. fragrant: aromatic, perfumed, having a sweet or pleasant smell (esp. of flowers)cf: flagrant

  • 70. miniature: very small detailed painting, usu of a person attrib. miniature dogs, ie very small breeds miniature bottles of brandy, etc a miniature railway, ie a small model one on which people may ride for short distancesShe is just like her mother in miniature.

  • 71. scarlet: bright red She blushed scarlet when I spat forth the obscenities. scarlet fever: infectious / contagious disease causing scarlet marks on the skin scarlet woman (dated derog) immoral woman; prostitute

  • 72. lantern: light for use outdoors in a transparent case that protects it from the wind, etc 73. moose: a type of large deer, with very large flat horns, that lives in the northern parts of America (and in some northern countries of Europe, where it is called an elk) ()74. antler: either of the pair of branched horns of a male deer75. bleach: whiten

  • 76. fissure: long deep crack in rock or earth77. otherwise: in other or different respects; apart from thatThe rent is high, (but) otherwise the house is fine. 78. cone: a solid object with a round base and a point at the topa hollow or solid object shaped like thisMany children would rather eat ice cream from cones than from dishes.

  • 79. meticulous: giving or showing great precision and care; very attentive to detail (implying excessiveness) a meticulous worker, researcher, etc meticulous painting and free sketch painting / 80. tote: (infml) carry to tote a gun81. winter: spend the winter it became fashionable for the rich to winter in the sun. birds wintering in the south

  • 82. fell: to cut down (a tree)83. lame: unable to walk normally because of an injury or defect 84. scuff: scrape, to make a rough mark or marks, with ones shoes, on the smooth surface of furniture, or floor, etc The floor was badly scuffed up where they had been dancing.85. coarse: not fine, rough or loose in texture, vulgar, crude, harsh a coarse complexion / skin coarse manners, laughter, tastes, etc

  • 86. stamp: put (one's foot) down heavily on (the ground, etc) walk with loud heavy steps stamping the ground to keep warm She stamped the soil (flat/down) round the plant. Don't stamp, you'll wake everyone up. 87. bizarre: strange in appearance or effect; grotesque; eccentric

  • 88. Unlikely it may seem: although it may seem not likely to happen,... asas: (introduces adverbial clause of comparison) You know as much as I do Sometimes the subject of the subordinate clause can be omitted: He said the situation there was not as bad as had been reported. The 2 houses were as clean as could be.

  • 89. spring from: arise or come from He is sprung from royal blood, is of royal ancestry. If you ask someone where they have sprung from you are asking them where they have come from in a rather surprised way, because they have appeared unexpectedly.

  • 90. Tecumseh, 1768-1813, chief of the Shawnee Indians; born Ohio. A noted military leader, he planned a confederacy of tribes to resist U.S. encroachment, but the defeat of his brother, the Shawnee Prophet in 1811 ended the Indian military movement. Tecumseh then fought alongside the British against the Americans in the War of 1812. He died in the battle of the Thames.

  • Iroquois: an American Indian confederacy (combination of groups of people) of New York. Brebeuf, Jean de, Saint, 1593-1649, French Roman Catholic missionary. One of the Jesuit Martyrs of North America. A missionary to the Huron Indians, Brebeuf with his colleague Gabriel Lalemant was killed by the Iroquois.

  • (Emily)Pauline Johnson, 1862-1913, Canadian Indian. Daughter of an Indian tribe chief and a British woman. Her poems sang high praise of the Indian tradition and were very popular at her time. She traveled around Canada, America and Britain, giving recitals in deer skin robes, which won enormous fame for her.

  • 91. exalt: elevate, exhilarate92. prophetess: female prophet, a man who believes that he is directed by God to make known and explain God's will and to lead or teach a religion prophet: a person who tells, or claims to be able to tell the nature or course of future events. A person who spoke for God and who communicated Gods message courageously to Gods Chosen People. Elisha, Abraham, Moses, David, Nathan, Solomon, etc.

  • 93. impart: give, pass on ( a secret, news, etc to sb.) A teacher's aim is to impart knowledge. The Prime Minister imparted the news at the conference.94. coyote: small wolf of the plains of western N America 95. She undoubtedly knew whatever it was that it said in Hiawatha. She knew whatever it was Whatever that it said in Hiawatha

  • 96. lure: to tempt, entice. It suggests an irresistible force, to sth. harmful97. thrash: to beat with or as if with a stick or whip, to move wildly or violently aboutThe fishes thrashed about in the net. 98. squash: flatten, crush

  • 99. sullen: silently showing dislike, silently bad-tempered, unforgiving, dark, gloomy (Blackmail)look sullen, to wear a sullen lookShut up, D said. Sullenly, Ogilvie complied.100. lore: knowledge or wisdom, esp. of an unscientific kind, about a certain subject or possessed by a certain group of peoplebird lore, a countryman's weather lore

  • 101. reed tall hollow stem of any of various types of grass-like plants growing near water cf:reef: ridge of rock, shingle, sand, etc at or near the surface of the seaa coral reef

  • 102. nut:(sl derog)(a) (Brit also nutter) foolish, eccentric or mad personHe drives like a nut; he'll kill himself one day. b) (preceded by a n) person very interested in sth; fanatica movie, fitness, health, soccer nut

  • 103. dogged(apprec.) determined; not giving up easilya dogged defence of the cityAlthough he's less talented, he won by sheer dogged persistence.104. perseverance: continual steady effort made to fulfil some aim, persistence

  • 105. rebuff: rejection (Mark Twain: He flirted with the colossal wealth available to the lucky and the persistent, and was rebuffed)106. give: used in the idiom: sb. doesn't/couldn't give a damn, a hoot(cry of an owl), etc (about sb/sth) (infml): sb does not care at all (about sb/sth)He couldn't give a damn whether he passes the exam or not.

  • Cf: Blackmail Like letting me know what gives and where

  • 107. dead loss: If you say that someone or something is a dead loss, you mean that they do not work properly or successfully, an infml expression.person or thing of no help or use to anyoneThis pen is a dead loss: it just won't write properly.That goalkeeper is a dead loss.108. scramble: to move or climb quickly, esp. over a rough or steep surfaceI scrambled up the rock for a better look at the sea.

  • 109. pier: an ornamental bridge-like framework built out into the sea at which boats can stop to take in or land their passengers or goods110. undergrowth: (US underbrush) mass of shrubs, bushes, etc growing closely on the ground, esp under trees clear a path through the undergrowth

  • 111. bracken: a kind of fern, which grows in forests, on wasteland, and on the slopes of hills, and becomes a rich red-brown colour in autumncf: bush, scrub, shrub112. streak: a line or mark of a different colour or texture from the ground, long, thin usu. irregular line or band

  • 113. amber: hard clear yellowish-brown gum used for making ornaments or jewellery 114 flicker: to burn unsteadily, shine with an unsteady light,wave, tremble, to move backwards and forwards unsteadily The self-assurance of Ogilvie flickered for an instant.flickering eyelid, shadows flicked on the wallThe wind blew the flickering candle out.

  • 115phantom: a shadowy likeness of a dead person that seems to appear on earth, sth. which exists only in one's imagination ghostly image or figure; ghostthe phantom of his dead fatherPhantom / Mirage fighter plane.116ululate howl or wailthe ululations of the mourning women

  • 117 plaintive: expressing suffering and a desire for pity, lamentable, mournful, pathetic, sorrowful, forlornThe plaintive cries of the child locked in the cupboarda plaintive old song118 chill: refrigerate, to cause to become cold, esp. without freezingchilled beercf: chilli

  • 119. mock make fun of (sb/sth), esp by mimicking him / it contemptuously; ridicule defy (sb/sth) contemptuously a mocking smile, voice, laughIt is wrong to mock cripples. mockery: ridicule, despising, open disrespect120. aeon / eon ['i:?n] : a period of time too long to be measuredThe earth was formed aeons ago.

  • 121. chipmunk: small striped squirrel-like N American animal122. strike: If an idea or thought strikes you, it comes into your mind suddenlyIt struck him how foolish her behaviour was.The next morning it struck me that there was no shower in the flat.If something strikes you in a particular way, it gives you a particular impression, usually a strong one.Betty strikes me as a very silly girl.How did London strike you?

  • 123. birch: a type of northern forest tree with smooth bark and thin branches 124. catch:If you catch someone doing something, you find them doing what they should not be doingHe caught them in bed together.She caught him smoking at the toilet.

  • 125. squawk: (esp. of some birds) to make a loud rough-sounding cryhens squawking at the sight of the cat126. be ill at ease: not comfortable because of lack of skill or understandingShe was ill at ease as she had never been to such parties.I am terribly ill at ease with strangers.

  • 127. fail neglect or be unable (to do sth)He never fails to write (ie always writes) to his motherevery week. She did not fail to keep (ie She did keep) her word.Your promises have failed to (ie did not) materialize. 128reproach: blame, sth. that brings disgrace or discreditThe youth's bad behaviour is a constant reproach to his parents.She remained as a reproach to me: I blame myself, because I could not reach her.The corrupt caders are a reproach to the Party.A coward is a reproach to an army.The slums are a reproach to our city.

  • 129. immerse: to put deep under waterI immersed myself in work so as to stop thinking about her.130. jukebox: coin-operated record player, about two times the size of a home refrigerator131. boom: to make a deep hollow sound, roar

  • 132. tunemelody, esp a well-marked one tunefulhaving a pleasing tune; melodious 133. chrome: () an alloy of chromium with other metal (esp when used as a protective coating on other metals) Here: something plated / coated / gilded with chromium, it refers to the shining edge of the jukebox, which was made of chrome.

  • 134. rainbow glass: on top of the jukebox is the cabin for storing all the records, the front of which is a piece of glass of some fancy colour like rainbows135. astound: amaze, astonish, surprise136. stolid: showing no excitement when strong feelings might be expected

  • 137. carmine: deep purplish red colourscarlet: bright redcardinal: bright redcrimson: deep redflorid: (face) red138. frizzle: (of hair) to curl tightly, to set the hair in a mass of tight curlsfrizzy: (of hair) very curly, like wool

  • 139. perm: (also permanent wave, AmE. infml permanent) infml esp. BrE the putting of waves or curls into straight hair by chemical treatment so that they will last for several months140. blunt: Here: not trying to be polite or tactful

  • 141. to advantage: in a way that shows its good points or meritsThe picture is seen to better advantage from a distanceHang the picture opposite the window so that it will show up to advantage.Her tight-fitting skirt and sweater in orange colour displayed a soft and slender body in an effect good enough to be envied.

  • 142. teeter: to seesaw , to move up and down or to and fro, waver: to move uncertainly or unsteadilyThe drunken man teetered on the edge of the pavement. She was teetering along / about / around in very high-heeled shoes. 143. sore: (of a part of the body) tender and painful, sensitive, hurting when toucheda sore knee

  • 144. jerkwater: remote and unimportant, trivial145. stink: to give a strong bad smellthe stinking ninth category landlords, rich peasants, counter revolutionaries, bad elements, Rightists, traitors, spies, and capitalist roaders146. confide: to tell a secret, to tell sth. confidentially, reveal, disclose

  • 147. blur: become unclear, obscure, dim; that appears hazy and indistinctThe town was just a blur on the horizon. Everything is a blur when I take my glasses off. Her eyes blurred with tears. 148. repel: to cause feeling of dislike, to drive back by or as if by forceLet go at once! You repel me.her untidy appearance repelled him.His filthy hair and grimy clothes repelled her. Bryan carried a palm-fan like a sword to repel his enemy.

  • 149. despise: to regard as worthless, low, bad; dislike very angrily (No Signpost)I despise such people; they've no character.He despises people who were lavish with their praises.cf: mockerythe self-pity in her voice: She thought that no one except Doc. Macleod had treated her well.

  • 150. biddy: a hired woman, esp., a cleaner, an eccentric woman151. stockyard: a yard in which cattle, sheep, swine or horses are kept temporarily for slaughter, market or shipping 152. handle: (sl) title: have a handle to one's name, ie have a title, eg `Sir' or `Lord' Churchill has a handle to his name---Sir.

  • some handle: a special name; Isn't that an impressive name?(some: considerable)It was really some speech you made.It was quite some party.cf: I suggest that we find some hotel first.I have to arrange her in some good girls school.

  • 153. mere: nothing more than, the merest: as small or unimportant as possibleThe merest little thing makes him nervous.154. defiant: showing defiance; openly opposing or resisting sb/sth a defiant manner, look, speech 155. momentary: lasting for a very short time156. swell: stylish, socially prominent, excellent

  • 157. perturb: trouble, make anxious, agitatea perturbing rumour158. gauche: socially awkward, clumsy, lacking social experience or grace159. slattern: an untidy slovenly woman, also slut, prostitute

  • 160. dressed any old how: dressed in a very careless way.anyhow: without any regular order, in a careless manner, in any manner whatever, unsystematicallyYou can arrange them anyhow.The well-groomed (groom: take care of) woman can't wear her hair just anyhow.The books were lying on the shelves just/all anyhow. He made notes anyhow across the page.

  • Anyhow can be used as an adj. as wellThe room was all anyhow.old: used as an intensiveAny old thing will do.Come any old time.Were having a high old time (very good time).

  • 161. brew: to prepare beer, etc. by soaking or boiling grain, leaves, etc. 162. attributes: the accessories, modifiers, nowadays so called, in China, hardware; what is needed for a resort to be considered flourishing; objects recognized as symbols 163. resort: a holiday place, or place considered good for the health

  • 164. place of belonging: place they belong to

  • 165. Perhaps they had been unable to find such a place ...having ceased to care any longer whether they lived or not.This obviously is an analogy (), in which the loons are compared to Piquette, who had been unable to find a place to live, and had simply died out, having ceased to care any longer whether SHE lived or not.


  • Hyperboledresses that were always miles too long.those voices belonged to a world separated by aeons from our neat world

  • A. Exaggeration by using numerals:1. Thanks a million.2. The middle eastern bazaar takes you back hundreds even thousands of years.3. I see the ten thousand villages of Russia where the means of existence is wrung so hardly from the soil.

  • B. Exaggeration by using comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives1. Sherlock Holmes is considered by many people as the greatest detective in fictional literature.2. There was never a child who loved her father more than I do.3. I never saw a prettier sight.4. You write ten times better than any man in the class.

  • C. Exaggeration by using extravagant adjectives:1. where goods of every conceivable kind are sold. 2. The burnished copper containers catches the light of innumerable lamps and braziers. 3. The apprentices were incredibly young.

  • D. Exaggeration by using noun or verb phrases:1. It is a vast cavern of a room, so thick with the dust of centuries that the mud-brick walls and vaulted roof are only dimly visible.2. I am already in debt again, and moving heaven and earth to save myself from exposure and destruction. (,)3. The sister cried her eyes out at the loss of the necklace.

  • 4. They beat him into all the colors of rainbow.,5. Her dress was always miles too long.6. I was scared to death.7. I sat there for a while, frozen with horror.8. She was so beautiful--- her beauty made the bright world dim.

  • Metaphorthe filigree of the spruce treesdaughter of the forestI tried another lineA streak of amber

  • PersonificationThe two grey squirrels were still there, gossipingThe news that somehow had not found its way into letters.I tried another linea streak of amber

  • Transferred epithetAll around, the spruce trees grew tall and close-set, branches blackly sharp against the sky which was lightened by a cold flickering of stars.I was ashamed, ashamed of my own timidity, the frightened tendency to look the other way.My brother, Roderick, who had not been born when we were here last summer, sat on the car rug in the sunshine and examined a brown spruce core, meticulously turning it round and round in his small and curious hands.

  • Metonymy Those voices belonged to a world separated by aeons from our neat world of summer cottages and the lighted lamps of home. (our modern civilization)Synecdochethe damn bones flared up again


  • get mixed up in sth.: (infml)become involved in or connected with sth I dont want to get mixed up in your affairs

  • hit out(at sbsth): attack sbsthvigorously or violently with words or blows()) In a rousing speech the_President hit out against the trade u- nion

  • flare up: (of an illness)recur or show sudden burst of lightanger or violence() He flares up at the slightest provocation My back trouble has flared up again

  • win hands down: (infml)win easilyby a large margin The local team won hands down

  • set about: start doing sth() I dont know how to set about this job.

  • not give a shit (about sb.sth.): not care at all He doesnt give a shit about anybody else.

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