Overview of Unit 5.
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A mother weeps. Her daughter is smoking the same kind of cigarettes that killed her grandfather. Tobacco advertising and film actors had attracted the grandfather to smoking but he never looked well like them. His health was poor when his daughter was only sixteen; his breathing was difficult; he rested often when climbing stairs; he often coughed for an hour. Now his daughter is deeply hurt; she was so careful raising her own daughter. For what purpose? To see all her care thrown away as her sixteen-year-old daughter slowly kills herself? The mother feels smoking is self-injury. It also injures others who watch a loved one die. The mother watched her father’s slow death; that one victory for the rich tobacco companies is enough.
Text A: A Contextual Study
Young and very poor, he has glowing eyes.
When she was sixteen, her daughter’s age, her father’ breath was a wheeze, embarrassing to hear; he could not climb stairs without resting every third or fourth steps. It was not unusual for him to cough for an hour.
Her father had so little breath that, during his last years, he was always leaning on something.Near the very end of his life, and large because he had nor more lungs, he quit smoking. He gained a couple of pounds, but by then he was so slim that no one noticed.
Her father died from pneumonia, one hard winter when his lung illnesses left him low.
Emphasis of negative, ever lethal effects of smoking cigarettes upon smokers’ health.
Her father’s fate is somewhat foreshadowing her daughter’s.
The deep feeling of her hurt and loss as a daughter and a mother.
A feeling of uselessness.
Retell the story of the writer’s father.
When he was young and poor roll cigarettes oneself
Hopelessly hooked by die from pneumonia
Light his first cigarette upon getting out of bed leaning on something
Smoke like chimneys make him low have no more lungs quit smoking
Large advertisement signs intended mainly for many people like her father and daughter: the tough, confident or fashionable older man, the beautiful, “worldly” young woman, both dragging away.
The effects: in those poor countries, money that should be spent for food goes instead to the tobacco companies; over time, people starve themselves of both food and air, effectively weakening and hooking their children, eventually killing themselves.
“Every home is a no smoking zone.”
Smoking is a form of self-battering that also batters those others who must sit by.
2. Provide students with some clues of Structured Writing on the basis of Para 4 and Para.6.
Her feet on the bench in front of her: The expression describes the behavior or a minor event which goes together with the major event in the clause. E.g.
The man sat in the front row, his hands on the table.
This type of expression can be rewritten by adding “with” or by using the “and +finite verb” structure.
The man sat in the front row, with his hands on the table.
The man sat in the front row, and his hands were on the table.
“…her calculator clicking out answers” performs a similar function and can be rewritten in a similar way.
He became hardened to the suffering around him.
For her own good, she hardened her heart against her aunt.
Rough living in the desert hardened the young men a lot.
2. (cause sb. To ) become hard, strong, etc.
The food hardens as it cools.
The paint takes a few minutes to harden.
Hooked: a. depending or relying on sth., addicted or used to; accustomed
Get hooked on computer games.
He is hooked on jogging
Be hooked on alcohol.
Dress: vt. (often pass.) provide( oneself or someone else) with clothes of the stated type. Eg.
The children were dressed in their Sunday best.
A young man dressed in a blue suit.
Meaning: …immediately after he got out of bed.
Upon/on: prep. Immediately after the occasion of sth.
Upon asking for information I was told I must wait.
I saw them on my return.
It was not unusual for him to cough for an hour. (Para 4)
Meaning: It was usual for him to cough for an hour.
Nowadays it is not unusual for a girl to wear her hair short.
It is not unusual for the boy to be up very early in the morning.
Meaning: My father died from a serious lung diseases called “pneumonia” and this disease was regarded as one that poor people were mostly likely to develop,…
Pay attention to the rhetorical device, Personification. (See reading skills in Section B)
Always: ad. The word normally means “ at all times”, “ with no exception” and is used with simple tenses. However, when we want to say that something happens again and again in an annoying way, we can use “always” with a verb in the progressive tense. E.g.
The boy is always asking for money.
My grandfather is always forgetting thing.
Why are you always biting your nails?
Refer to Sentence 1 in the C-E Translation on page 126.
Meaning: …both smoking continuously.
drag:vi. (slang) smoke ( a cigarette)
He waited and dragged at the cigarette.
Away: ad. All the time, continuously.
They worked away all day.
I heard him pounding away
…people starve themselves of both food and air…(Para 6)
Starve: v. (cause a person or an animal to ) suffer seriously or die from hunger.
They got lost in the desert and starved to death.
She’ s staring herself to try to lose weight.
Starve…of…: This verb also has the sense of suffering because of lacking sth.other than food. e.g.
People in the region are starved of drinking water.
The plant was starved of light and died.
Meaning: I sometimes whish to know why I have done those things;…
…so that she can struggle to breathe through most of her life feeling half her strength, and then die of self-poisoning, as her grandfather did?
Meaning: …in order that she make great efforts to breathe f or most of her life, feeling weak, and then die by poisoning herself (that is, by way of smoking cigarettes), just as her grandfather did?
…surely one such victory in my family, for the prosperous leaders who own the tobacco companies, is enough. (Para 8)
Meaning: ..surely one victim of the tobacco industry in my family means that the prosperous owners of the tobacco companies have won a victory in my family, but one such victim is enough (otherwise it would be too much for my family).
Notice the use of the periodical sentence.
1. Reading skills: Figurative language---language that compares---paints a picture for the reader (Definitions of simile, metaphor and personification).
2. Read Text B and then do the subsequent EX of reading skills and comprehension on pages137-38.
3. Elaborate on some of words and sentences.
4. Let students ask questions concerning Text A and Text B if time allows.
Paragraphs 1-2: introduction: the effects of parents' generosity can be somewhat harmful to children.
Para. 3. transition paragraph.
Paras 4-6: reasons for parents' generosity.
Paras 7-8: negative/harmful effects of providing too much.
Para.9: real purpose of the writer
Paras 10-11:for parents to change and how to change.
For the third two periods
Listening Tasks 2.
Listen to the short conversations and two passages.
Practicing conversational skills and then choose one or two of speaking task 3.
Topic under discussion: What should parent-child relationships be like?