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Euroregion Baltic Seminar on Labour Market Cooperation Gdańsk, 25-26 th February 2013 Pomeranian Chamber of Crafts for SMEs, Piwna 1-2. Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum Johnny Winther Holbech, Bornholm Job Centre. Labour Markets in the Baltic Sea Region 1.

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Participation in the baltic sea labour forum johnny winther holbech bornholm job centre

Euroregion Baltic Seminaron Labour Market CooperationGdańsk, 25-26th February 2013Pomeranian Chamber of Crafts for SMEs, Piwna 1-2

Participation in

the Baltic Sea Labour Forum

Johnny Winther Holbech, Bornholm Job Centre


Labour markets in the baltic sea region 1

Labour Markets in the Baltic Sea Region 1

The Baltic Sea Region

Euroregion Baltic = part of

The Baltic Sea Region


Labour markets in the baltic sea region 2

Labour Markets in the Baltic Sea Region 2

 The Baltic Sea Region (BSR) is a highly heterogeneous area in economic, environmental and cultural terms

 8 Member States bordering the Baltic Sea are inhabited by 147 million people, corresponding to 29% of the EU’s population

 The BSR countries generate around 30% of the EU’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP)


Labour markets in the baltic sea region 3

Labour Markets in the Baltic Sea Region 3

 Labour market integration is getting more and more important for the region in terms of basis for growth of economies

 Free movement of workers

 Youth unemployment

 Ageing populations and pressures on pension systems

 Unemployment

 Shortages of labour supply

BUT labour markets in the region differ among others in terms of labour law and regulations, labour market institutions, welfare policies, pension policies, the role of social partners, and also in terms of active and passive labour market policies


Baltic sea labour forum 1

Baltic Sea Labour Forum 1

Background: Project BSLN Baltic Sea Labour Network

  • The memorandum of understanding was signed after the 1st round table meeting already by representatives of 21 institutions

    • CBSS and BSPC Secretariats

    • Trade union confederations, including two Russian confederations

    • employers associations

  • More members have expressed their interest in participation

  • The BSLF secretariat is hosted for an initial period at the premises of the CBSS Secretariat


Baltic sea labour forum 2

Baltic Sea Labour Forum 2

 The main activity of the BSLF is the Annual Round Table

 The activities and topics are agreed in a tripartite Enlarged Steering Committee

 Experts and observers as ERB were invited to2nd Round Table November 2012

 Supporting projects can be launched in order to further support the sustainable implementation of the BSLF.


Goals of the baltic sea labour forum 1

Goals of the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 1

The core objectives of BSLF are:

  • finding joint solutions to commonly identified challenges

  • promoting transnational social dialogue, based on the responsibility of social partners for the development of labour market policies in the Baltic Sea Region

  • influencing policy- and decision-making in the field of labour market policies, e.g. by issuing joint opinions and recommendations

  • networking and exchange of experience between the social partners and political institutions in the Baltic Sea Region


Goals of the baltic sea labour forum 2

Goals of the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 2

Dr. Thomas Klischan, General Manager of Nordmetall, the employers association of the metal and electronics industry, Germany:

  • The Baltic Sea Labour Forum serves as an excellent framework to develop a structured cooperation platform of employers in the Baltic Sea Region. It is vital for enterprises to safeguard fair competition and to diminish trade barriers in order to secure a competitive economic environment

    Jan Lundin, Director General of the CBSS Secretariat:

  • Russia has the current German Presidency of the CBSS and this underlines the importance of Russian participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum.

    Mikko Mäenpää, President of the Finnish Confederation of Professionals STTK, Finland:

  • The BSLN project was a success because it brought together various social actors around the Baltic Sea. But we are still facing challenges in the region, for example in relation with the growing cross-border-labour markets. The existing differences in standards of living and labour market models increase the need for a broad cooperation.

    Franz Thönnes, MP, German Parliament, former Parliamentary State Secretary, Member of the Standing Committee of the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference:

  • The BSLF is continuing the successful cooperation between the social partners and the political bodies in the Baltic Sea Region to strengthen the social dialogue. 20 years after establishing the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference and the Council of Baltic Sea States to deal with the political challenges of the region, the BSLF should deal with the challenges of developing a sustainable and fair labour market in our region.


Bslf work programme 2012 2013 1

BSLF work programme 2012/2013 1

The overarching objectives of the BSLF work programme are:

  • Identifying main common challenges for the labour markets in the BSR

  • Putting commonly identified problems on BSLF’s agenda in order to develop joint solutions

  • Creating a base for issuing joint opinions and recommendations to decision-makers


Bslf work programme 2012 2013 2

BSLF work programme 2012/2013 2

1.Mobility of labour in the Baltic Sea Region

1.1 Working conditions

  • Necessary to safeguard fair competition for enterprises, based on respect for industrial and labour relations as well as decent working conditions and fair treatment of workers

  • Fair economic competition is conducive to a successful and sustainable business environment, and ensuring that norms, responsibilities, conditions, rules and labour relations in each country are equitable and appropriate for foreign and domestic business and employees

    The BSLF could pursue this aim by

  • Establishing a working group in order to identify joint priorities for actions in this field and to develop a common work plan

    • Labour market monitoring


Bslf work programme 2012 2013 3

BSLF work programme 2012/2013 3

1.Mobility of labour in the Baltic Sea Region

1.2 Cross-border mobility

  • The existence of barriers for commuters in the Baltic Sea Region

  • The lack of statistics especially on migration is a fundamental problem in this field

    The BSLF could pursue these aims by

  • Establishing a network for the information centres

  • Establishing a working group:

  • Identifying main challenges for the border regions

  • Identifying main barriers for commuters in the Baltic Sea Region.

  • Organizing a seminar/conference in cooperation with Hello Norden:

  • Analysing mobility in the South Eastern Baltic Area and in the North West Russian area.


Bslf work programme 2012 2013 4

BSLF work programme 2012/2013 4

2. Youth unemployment

  • Special attention should be paid to the transition management from school to workplace and occupational safety and health issues. This includes early economic education in schools as well as cooperation between schools and enterprises and other measures such as mentoring and apprenticeships

    The BSLF could pursue this aim by

  • Establishing a working group:

  • Analysing the most important fields of action (based on existing reports etc.)

  • Exchanging experiences on different practical attempts

  • Pooling best practice examples in the Baltic Sea Region


Participation in the baltic sea labour forum 1

Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 1

  • The pre-condition for participation is a common interest and believe that sustainable labour markets with cross-border mobility are essential to development and growth of the economies

  • BSLF has in their work programme 2012/2013 the same objectives as ERB: Labour mobility and youth employment

  • The BSLF welcomes interest in its work and invites interested institutions and networks from around the BSR to apply for an observer status in the BSLF

  • Observers must like ERB acknowledge the objectives and principles of the BSLF

    • Baltic Development Forum (BDF)Baltic Sea Trade Union Network BASTUNBWH e.V. (Education and Training Service for Hamburg Businesses)Cooperation Centre IFE GmbHCouncil of Nordic Trade UnionsEuroregion Baltic (ERB)South Baltic Professionals (Project)

  • Observing institutions will be invited to participate in the Annual Round Table


  • Participation in the baltic sea labour forum 2

    Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 2

    The Annual Round Table 15th November 2012 in Hamburg focused on two main subjects:

    • Mobility of Labour

    • Youth Employment

      Both subjects are of particular importance for the labour market development and consequently for the sustainable economic growth in the Baltic Sea Region


    Participation in the baltic sea labour forum 3

    Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 3

    Youth employment in the BSR: Creating synergies between education and needs of the labour market

    • Apprenticeships – one way to combat youth unemployment, Confederation of Danish Employers (DA)

    • Youth Guarantee in Finland, Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland

    • Jugendberufsagentur in Hamburg, Hamburg Institute for Vocational Education and Training (HIBB)

    • Cooperation School – Business, Education an Training Service for Hamburg

    • NORDMETALL’s education curve as an example for creating synergies between education and labour market, NORDMETALL Employers Association of the Metal and Electronics Industry

    • BSCP on Youth Unemployment, Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference

      www.bslf.eu


    Participation in the baltic sea labour forum 4

    Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 4

    Labour mobility in the BSR and the role of cross-border information centres

    • Info Centre, Region Sønderjylland – Schleswig (Denmark – Germany)

    • Project Pontifex, Region Sønderjylland – Schleswig (Denmark – Germany)

    • Mobility of Labour - Benefits, Problems, Solutions, Finnish Confederation of Professionals (STTK)

    • Facilitation of cross-border mobility, Employers Confederation of Latvia

    • BSPC on Cross-border Mobility, Baltic Sea parliamentary Conference

      www.bslf.eu


    Participation in the baltic sea labour forum 5

    Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 5

    Some extracts of the final BSLF resolution – AGREED BY THE ROUND TABLE, Hamburg 15thNovember 2012 addressing the subjects of youth employment and mobility of labour:

    • highlighting the need for accurate and comparable labour market information and statistics of the Baltic Sea Region labour market

    • recognizing that models of Social Dialogue differ from country to country and are not directly transferable from one country to another

    • stating that Social Dialogue and tripartite cooperation, based on mutual trust, are preconditions for well-functioning and fair labour markets with decent and productive working conditions

    • stressing that cross border mobility should be of mutual benefit and contribute to the development of the entire Baltic Sea Region

    • stating that obstacles and challenges to the free movement of labour still do exist, be it in the form of administrative barriers between countries, lack of information, ignoring or neglecting labour law and other legislation, or others

    • stating that the economic crisis has resulted in record-high unemployment throughout the Baltic Sea Region, reminding that especially young people have been hardest hit and are most vulnerable

    • supporting projects that promote cross border vocational training and the mutual recognition of qualifications among the Baltic Sea Region countries

    • observing that well-functioning apprenticeship and internships systems seem to correlate with lower youth unemployment


    Participation in the baltic sea labour forum 6

    Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum 6

    Some extracts of the final BSLF resolution – AGREED BY THE ROUND TABLE, Hamburg 15th November 2012 calling on trade unions, employer and business organizations, politicians, public officials, experts, NGOs and scholars to

    • launch concrete measures to reduce the number of school drop-outs, reminding that a completed education is the best weapon against unemployment

    • step up in their efforts to integrate young people in the labour market; emphasizing that targeted measures are needed in order to facilitate the entry of the young generation into the labour market

    • develop effective strategies equipped with powerful measures to tackle youth unemployment, and to ensure that existing programmes with this aim are better coordinated

    • devise strategies and programmes to ease young peoples’ transitions between school and work and to create better synergies between education and the needs of the labour market

    • continue to facilitate mobility within the Baltic Sea Region

    • ensure that conditions, rules and labour relations in each country are comparable for foreign and domestic employers and employees

    • promote the social dimension of cross border labour mobility as an essential part of sustainable economic development


    Participation in the baltic sea labour forum

    Participation in the Baltic Sea Labour Forum

    Discussion of how ERB as an observer can play a role in the cooperation and the dialogue within BSLF?


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