AIM: How did the voyage of Matthew Perry influence Japanese history?. Do Now: THINK!! What other explorers have we learned about? Why are they important? Home Work- Write a paragraph on how you would react if aliens landed on your street. JAPAN’S PROBLEM. (1800’S). ISOLATION. Japan. OR.
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AIM: How did the voyage of Matthew Perry influence Japanese history?
Do Now: THINK!! What other explorers have we learned about? Why are they important?
Home Work- Write a paragraph on how you would react if aliens landed on your street.
OPEN DOOR POLICY
LET FOREIGNERS IN?
FOREIGNERS BEGIN TO MAKE THEIR WAY TO JAPAN. WHAT FOREIGNERS ARE SAILING INTO TOKYO BAY?
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
#1 Commodore Matthew Perry - A United States naval officer who negotiated for several months with Japanese officials to achieve the goal of opening the doors of trade with Japan.
*On July 8,1853 four black ships led by USS Powhatan anchored at Edo (Tokyo) Bay.
Never before had the Japanese seen ships steaming with smoke. They thought the ships were "giant dragons puffing smoke." They did not know that steamboats existed and were shocked by the number and size of the guns on board the ships.
WHY WERE THE JAPANESE SHOCKED WHEN COMMODORE PERRY LANDED IN TOYKO BAY?
#2 Astounded - to be shocked or surprised
TWO IMAGES OF COMMODORE MATTHEW PERRY:
Portrait made in the U.S.
Portrait made in Japan
HOW ARE THESE PORTRAITS SIMILAR? DIFFERENT?
HOW DO YOU THINK THE JAPANESE FELT ABOUT THIS MAN?
#3 Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) An agreement between the United States and Japan that opened two ports at which U.S. ships could take on supplies.
#4INDUSTRIALIZED -is when a country transforms socially and economically. Countries develop technological innovation, particularly with the development of large-scale energy and metallurgy production.
Example: STEAM-POWERED SHIPS
Japan Ends Its Isolation
The Japanese had almost no contact with the industrialized world during this time of isolation. They continued, however, to trade with China and with the Dutch merchants. They also had diplomatic contact with Korea. However, trade was growing in importance, both inside and outside Japan. Beginning in the early 19th century, Westerners tried to convince the Japanese to open their ports to trade. British, French, Russian, and American officials occasionally anchored off the Japanese coast. Like China, however, Japan repeatedly refused to receive them. Then, in 1853, U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry took four ships into what is now Tokyo Harbor. These massive black wooden ships powered by steamastounded the Japanese. The ships’ cannons also shocked them. The Tokugawa shogun realized he had no choice but to receive Perry and the letter Perry had brought from U.S. president Millard Fillmore. Fillmore’s letter politely asked the shogun to allow free trade between the United States and Japan. Perry delivered it with a threat, however. He would come back with a larger fleet in a year to receive Japan’s reply. That reply was the Treaty of Kanagawa of 1854. Under its terms, Japan opened two ports at which U.S. ships could take on supplies. After, the United States had pushed open the door, other Western powers soon followed.
WHAT CONVERSATION TOOK PLACE DURING THE ENCOUNTER?
TRUE OR FALSE?
Commodore Perry arrived with four ships in Tokyo Bay. ______________
Perry asked the Japanese noble to stop torturing American sailors.___________
The Japanese noble agreed to stop the torture. ___________
Perry arrived in Japan in order to open up trade with Japan.____________
The Japanese noble believed it was important to be friends with the U.S.___________
Perry gave the Japanese a sewing machine.____________
The Japanese noble did not like how the foreigners tried to convert his people to a false god.__________
Perry said he will return to Japan soon.__________
Perry hoped the Japanese would change their minds.___________
The Japanese eventually opened up trade with the U.S.____________