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China. Please define the following words using a dictionary, textbook glossary, or online resource. Do not use the word you are defining in the definition and do not type your homework ! Dynasty Mandate of Heaven Feudalism Bureaucrat Philosophy. Homework 12/16 & 12/17.

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China

China


Homework 12 16 12 17

Please define the following words using a dictionary, textbook glossary, or online resource. Do not use the word you are defining in the definition and do not type your homework!

Dynasty

Mandate of Heaven

Feudalism

Bureaucrat

Philosophy

Homework 12/16 & 12/17


Pre test 12 16 12 17

What comes to mind when you think of China?

Where is China? (Continent + major natural boundaries)

About what percentage of the land in China is suitable for farming?

Why was the Great Wall of China built?

Name two ancient Chinese inventions still in use today.

Pre-Test (12/16 &12/17)


Pre test 12 16 12 171

  • What is a dynasty?

    • A. A small, crude explosive device invented in China circa 1100 BCE

    • B. A succession of rulers from the same family or line

    • C. A large cafeteria or dinning hall in the center of a Chinese village

    • D. A particularly gruesome or nasty way to die

  • What is a “Mandate of Heaven”?

    • A. The belief that everyone must go to heaven

    • B. When two or more men enjoy a day of beer and sports without their wives

    • C. The belief that rulers are divinely selected

    • D. The set of Chinese rules that determine whether or not one can enter heaven

  • What was the principle river of the civilization of ancient China?

    • A. Huang He River

    • B. Xi Jiang River

    • C. Tsingtao River

    • D. Monongahela River

Pre-Test (12/16 &12/17)


Bell ringer 12 18 12 19

Describe the steps or stages of the Dynastic Cycle of China

What role did the Mandate of Heaven play into the dynastic cycle?

Bell Ringer 12/18 & 12/19)


Homework 12 18 12 19

Please define the following words using a dictionary, textbook glossary, or online resource. Do not use the word you are defining in the definition and do not type your homework!

Confucianism

Filial (or Filial Piety)

Daoism (may be spelled Taoism)

Silk Road

Tribute

Homework 12/18 & 12/19


Bell ringer 1 6 1 7

  • What did you do over winter break? Don’t just tell me “nothing,” be specific! Details, details!

    • i.e. is “nothing” sitting in the dark talking to yourself? Is it eating Cheetos and drinking Cherry Dr. Pepper while watching a marathon of Scrubs? Illegally downloading music and googlinglolcats?

Bell Ringer 1/6 & 1/7


Bell ringer 1 9 1 10

What did the script (written language) of the Mesopotamians, Ancient Egyptians, the Harappan, and the Chinese all have in common?

What was the form of writing in Mesopotamia called?

What was the form of writing in Ancient Egypt called?

Does language stay constant (the same) or change over time?

Bell Ringer 1/9 & 1/10


Bell ringer 1 13 1 14

  • What do we know about Buddhism?

  • What do we know about Confucianism?

  • What do we know about Daoism?

    • In what ways are they all similar? In what ways are they all different?

Bell Ringer 1/13 & 1/14


Geography

Located in Asia

Mountains and deserts

cover about 2/3 of

China’s landmass

10% of land is suitable for farming

Natural boundaries: Pacific Ocean, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Himalayan Mountains, Taklimakan Desert and Gobi Desert

Geography


Western vs eastern china

Western vs. Eastern China

  • The land between the Chang Jiang or Yangtze River and Huang He or Yellow River is called the North China Plain

  • AKA “China’s Heartland”

  • Densely populated

  • Mostly desert

  • Arid climate

  • Thinly populated

  • Rich in petroleum and natural gas


Yellow river valley

  • The Huang He River (Yellow River)

    • “Cradle of Chinese Civilization”

    • “China’s Sorrow”

  • Loess (a windblown sediment) is deposited into the river, causing the yellow color and high silt content

  • 6th (or 7th, depending on how you measure) longest river in the world

Yellow River Valley


Coloring of the yellow river

Coloring of the Yellow River


Xiaolangdi dam

Xiaolangdi Dam


Dynastic cycle

China has been historically led by dynasties, or a succession of rulers from the same family

Cycle (see graphic)

Power is claimed to come from a divine source: Mandate of Heaven

Centralized

Dynastic Cycle


Chinese dynasty song tune fr re jacques are you sleeping

Shang

Zhou (“Joe”)

Qin (“chin”)

Han

(Repeat)

Sui (“sway” without “w”)

Tang

Song

(Repeat)

Yuan

Ming

Qing (“ching”)

Republic

(Repeat)

Mao Zedong ---------People’s Republic of China / Communist China

(Repeat)

Chinese Dynasty Song Tune ---- Frère Jacques / Are You Sleeping )

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xJis9TSw1rE

Harvard Professors teach us a nursery rhyme

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIC4zom3w0g

Vogue-History Teachers


Xia dynasty

“First” Dynasty of China

c. 3000 BCE - c. 2000s BCE

The Xia dynasty was the first to irrigate, produce cast bronze and a strong army.

King Yu was selected as leader because of his brilliant engineering & mathematics skills, first to tame Huang He

King Yu was the first king to have his son follow him instead of a man chosen by his virtue. This made the Xia the first Chinese dynasty.

Xia Dynasty


Shang dynasty

c.1600 BCE - 1027 BCE

First written record of dynasty

Earliest glazed pottery, advanced bronze work and jade carving

365 1/4 days calendar year

First appearance of Chinese script

Oracle bones-questions etched on bone, then stabbed with a hot poker

Archaeologist have found palace foundations, burials, and rammed earth fortifications.

Capital city at Anyang

Shang Dynasty


Zhou dynasty

  • 1027 BCE – 256 BCE

    • Period of Warring States 476 BCE – (221 BCE when Qin Dynasty emerges)

    • Moved capital to Luoyang

  • Overthrows Shang in 1027 BCE claiming last Shang ruler lost the Mandate of Heaven

  • Kept many Shang cultural practices

  • Establish feudalism

    • King/Emperor owns land>Grants nobles use of land>nobles owe loyalty and military service>peasants on land serve nobles

    • Over time as villages>towns>cities, land holding nobles grow stronger

  • Zhou introduce coin money, blast furnace iron, and build roads and canals

Zhou Dynasty


Qin dynasty

  • 221 BCE to 207 BCE

  • Qin Shi Huang declares himself “First Sovereign Emperor”

    • Military conquest and unification of warring states

    • Took land from nobles, assigned jobs, burned books

    • Legalism-

      • People are bad, law is necessary

      • Rule of Law

      • Spy networks

    • Public works

    • Bureaucracy

    • Standardized weights, measures, money, writing

    • Great Wall of China

    • Terracotta army

  • He dies, son murdered, incompetent ruler, peasant revolt

Qin Dynasty


Han dynasty

  • 206 BCE – 220 CE

  • Liu Bang

    • Peasant birth, led rebellion

  • Merit system promotion

  • Confucianism

  • Silk Road

  • “Han” becomes a name for someone who is Chinese

  • Replace what was destroyed under Qin

    • Arts flourish

Han Dynasty


Period of disunity

220 CE – 589 CE

After Han, warfare and instability rule China

China breaks up into smaller kingdoms

AKA the “Six Dynasties”

Despite political troubles, arts again flourish in China

Poetry

Buddhism

“Period of Disunity”


Sui dynasty

  • 581 CE – 618 CE

  • Grand Canal

    • Over 1100 miles long

  • Military campaigns

  • 605 CE first gov’t exams

Sui Dynasty


Tang dynasty

  • 618 CE – 907 CE

  • Empress Wu Zetian(r. 690-705 CE)

    • Concubine of Tang Emperor, marries his son after his death

    • Only empress of China to rule in her own right

  • “Golden Age”

    • Poetry, painting, music, dancing

  • Capital Chang'an, est. pop. 1,000,000

Tang Dynasty


Song dynasty

  • 960 CE – 1279 CE

  • Technological highlights

    • Gunpowder

    • Compass

    • Paper money

  • Government exams for bureaucrats

  • Population growth

Song Dynasty


Silk road

Ancient trade route linking China to the Mediterranean

Evidence of Chinese silk in Egypt c. 1070 BCE

Han Dynasty, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Mongols aid development

Transport silk, trade goods, ideas, and disease

Silk Road

  • Crash course in World History:

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vfe-eNq-Qyg&safe=active


Confucianism

  • K’ung-fu-tzu or Confucius (551 BCE – 479 BCE)

    • Born into a poor family of higher class

    • Well educated, becomes teacher and bureaucrat

  • Stresses family relationships, ancestor worship, harmony & balance, respect for others, avoiding extremes and perfecting society

  • Ethics/Morals rather than religion

  • Reinforces individual roles in society; everyone had their place (positive and negative)

Confucianism


Daoism taoism

  • Laozi (Lao Tzu) circa 500 BCE (sometime during the Zhou Dynasty)

  • Tao TeChingprinciple text

  • “The Way” or “The Path”

  • Wu wei or non-action/non-doing without effort

    • Think water!

  • Emptiness

    • Think of a container!

  • Desires are bad

    • Good vs. bad, ugly vs. beautiful; distinctions lead to desires

Daoism (Taoism)


China

1

1

2

1

Discovery Education- China: From Past to Present: Geography, Traditional Religions, and Beliefs (Film Resource)


Current events yellow river

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/05/china/yellow-river/larmer-text/1#\

Current Events: Yellow River


Current events discussion questions

Please answer the following questions based of the information from Brook Lamar’s article “Bitter Water: Can China the Yellow-China’s Mother River?”

Five “W”’s & 1 “H”: Who, What, Where, When, Why, How?

What did you find to be the most interesting facts or events in this article? What, if anything, surprised you?

What is the significance? Why should we care? How can this affect the future?

How does this relate to your life?

Current Events: Discussion Questions


Chinese calligraphy

  • Chinese characters, like all other languages changed over time

  • Five Principles of calligraphy

    • Balance, Posture, Knowledge of Tools, Rhythm, and Control

  • http://file.tumbnart.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/chinese%20symbol%20tattoos%20art.jpg

Chinese Calligraphy


Bell ringer 1 15 1 16

Please evaluate the following primary source document:

“Words of truth are not pleasing.

Pleasing words are not truthful.

The wise one does not argue.

He who argues is not wise.

A wise man of Tao knows the subtle truth,

And may not be learned.

A learned person is knowledgeable but may not know the subtle truth of Tao

A saint does not possess and accumulate surplus for personal desire.

The more he helps others, the richer his life becomes.

The more he gives to others, the more he gets in return.

The Tao of Nature benefits and does not harm.

The Way of a saint is to act naturally without contention.”

Who is the probable author of this text?

What philosophy does this best fit with, Buddhism, Confucianism, or Daoism? Why?

What does this mean to you?

Bell Ringer 1/15 & 1/16


Bell ringer 1 17 1 23

Please evaluate the following primary source document:

"The superior man in everything considers righteousness to be essential. He performs it according to the rules of propriety. He brings it forth in humility. He completes it with sincerity. This is indeed a superior man.

The superior man is distressed by his want of ability. He is not distressed by men's not knowing him.

The superior man dislikes the thought of his name not being mentioned after his death.

What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others.

The superior man is dignified, but does not wrangle. He is sociable, but not a partisan.

The superior man does not promote a man simply on account of his words, nor does he put aside good words because of the man.“

Who is the probable author of this text?

What philosophy does this best fit with, Buddhism, Confucianism, or Daoism? Why?

What does this mean to you?

Bell Ringer 1/17 & 1/23


Pdf resources

Analects full text:

http://www.indiana.edu/~p374/Analects_of_Confucius_(Eno-2012).pdf

Tao TeChingfull text:

http://www.with.org/tao_te_ching_en.pdf

PDF Resources


Engineering an empire china

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I9evCYVir5k&safe=active

Engineering An Empire: China


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