Ridiculously simple time series forecasting
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Ridiculously Simple Time Series Forecasting. We will review the following techniques: Simple extrapolation (the “naïve” model). Moving average model Weighted moving average model. The Naïve Model.

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Ridiculously Simple Time Series Forecasting

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Ridiculously simple time series forecasting

Ridiculously Simple Time Series Forecasting

  • We will review the following techniques:

  • Simple extrapolation (the “naïve” model).

  • Moving average model

  • Weighted moving average model


The na ve model

The Naïve Model

If your time series exhibits little variation from one period to the next, has no discernible trend, and is unaffected by seasonality, the naïve model is just what you need.


The moving average model

The Moving Average Model

For example, if n = 4, you have a 4-period moving average model.


The weighted moving average model

The Weighted Moving Average Model

The ω’s are the weights attached to past observations of the time series variable and there are n periods weighted. Notice that: Σωi = 1.

The trick is to select the valueof n and corresponding

values of so as to minimize MSE


Example forecasting retail sales of women s clothing

Example: Forecasting Retail Sales of Women’s Clothing

  • Our data set contains 175 monthly observations on retail sales of women’s clothing in the U.S. (January 1996 to August 2010) measuring in millions of dollars.

  • We will perform in-sample forecasts using the 3 techniques to determine which has the best fit.


Techniques 2 and 3

Techniques 2 and 3

  • We will do a 6-month prior moving average for technique 2

  • We will do a 4-month weighted moving average for technique 3. The weights are as follows:


Ridiculously simple time series forecasting

Results

Results


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