Political parties u s v europe
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Political Parties: U.S. v. Europe PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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United States 2 Major Parties Elections Voters choose candidates Candidates control Campaign In Office Less Party Discipline. Europe Multiple Major Parties Elections Party chooses candidates Party controls campaign In Office More Party Discipline. Political Parties: U.S. v. Europe.

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Political Parties: U.S. v. Europe

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Political parties u s v europe

United States

  • 2 Major Parties

    Elections

  • Voters choose candidates

  • Candidates control Campaign

    In Office

  • Less Party Discipline

Europe

  • Multiple Major Parties

    Elections

  • Party chooses candidates

  • Party controls campaign

    In Office

  • More Party Discipline

Political Parties: U.S. v. Europe


Political parties 4 broad periods 1 founding to 1820s

Democratic-Republicans (South)

vs.

Federalists (New England)

  • Federalists die out during Era of Good Feelings.

POLITICAL PARTIES: 4 BROAD PERIODS1. FOUNDING TO 1820s


2 jacksonian democracy to civil war

  • Rise of Popular Vote

    • 1824: 365,000 votes

    • 1840: over 2 million votes

  • Re-emergence of 2 party system

  • Electors selected by popular vote

  • Rise of party conventions

2. JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY TO CIVIL WAR


3 civil war to 20 th century golden age of political parties

  • Rise of Republican Party

  • Big-City Party Organizations

    • “Political Machines” & “Party Bosses”

    • Incentives (jobs and favors) for loyalty to party.

    • Local party leaders control member activity.

    • Intense party loyalty among members.

3. CIVIL WAR TO 20th CENTURY“Golden Age” of Political Parties


4 reform era

  • Overlaps with previous era.

  • Begins in early 1900s w/rise of Progressives.

  • Apex: Election of FDR

  • Reform Measures:

    • End of “spoils”

    • End voter fraud

    • Referendums

    • Increase of Primaries

4. REFORM ERA


Rise of electorate

  • 1787: White, land-owning males

  • Jacksonian Era: White Males

  • 15th Am: (1870)

    • All males

  • 17th Am: (1913)

    • Direct election of senators

  • 19th Am: (1920)

    • Women’s suffrage

  • 23rd Am: (1961)

    • D.C. gets 3 electoral votes

  • 24th Am: (1964)

    • End poll tax

  • 26th Am: (1971)

    • Voting age 18.

RISE OF ELECTORATE


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