Western europe
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 43

Western Europe PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 391 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Western Europe. Western Europe Peninsula of Peninsulas. Western Europe. Western Europe. Because of its unique geography and weather patterns, Europe’s landscapes, waterways and climates vary greatly. Western Europe Section1. Western Europe consist of 24 countries.

Download Presentation

Western Europe

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Western europe

Western Europe


Western europe peninsula of peninsulas

Western EuropePeninsula of Peninsulas


Western europe1

Western Europe


Western europe2

Western Europe

  • Because of its unique geography and weather patterns, Europe’s landscapes, waterways and climates vary greatly.


Western europe section1

Western EuropeSection1

  • Western Europe consist of 24 countries.

  • We will divide them up into small regions.(5)

    A. British Isles

    1. United Kingdom

    2. Ireland

    B. Central Europe

    3. France

    4. Andorra

    5. Monaco

    6. Germany

    7. Switzerland

    8. Austria

    9. Liechtenstein


Western europe3

Western Europe

C. Benelux Countries

10. Belgium

11. Luxembourg

12. Netherlands

D. Scandinavia Countries

(Nordic)

13. Denmark

14. Finland

15. Iceland

16. Norway

17. Sweden


Western europe4

Western Europe

E. Mediterranean Countries

18. Greece

19. Italy

20. Vatican City

21. San Marino

22. Portugal

23. Spain

24. Malta


Types of government in europe

Types of Government in Europe


Religions of europe

Religions of Europe


Language

Language


Europe gdp

Europe GDP


Internet use

Internet Use


Comparing landmass population

Comparing Landmass/Population


Comparing rivers mountains

Comparing Rivers/Mountains


Western europe landforms and resources

Western EuropeLandforms and Resources

Peninsulas

  • Europe is a large peninsula of Asia.

  • Also has its own smaller peninsulas.

  • Most places are within 100 miles of the ocean or sea.


Peninsulas and islands

Peninsulas and Islands

Northern Peninsulas

Fjords

  • The Scandinavian Pen. Includes Norway and Sweden-bounded by Norwegian, North, & Baltic Seas.

  • Ice age glaciers remove topsoil; leave thin, rocky soil.

  • Glaciers createfjordsin Norway.

    -steep U-shaped valleys connected to sea, filled with seawater

    -provide harbors for fishing boats

  • Jutland Pen. Forms large part of Denmark, small part of Germany.

    -gentle, rolling hills & swampy low areas.


Southern peninsulas islands

Southern Peninsulas/Islands

Southern Peninsulas

Islands

Larger:

Great Britain, Ireland, Iceland, & Greenland

Smaller: Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, & Crete

  • Iberian Pen: home to Spain and Portugal

  • Italian Pen. Includes Italy, extends into Mediterranean Sea.

    -booted-shaped, with 4700 miles of coastline

  • Balkan Pen. Bordered by Adriatic, Mediterranean, Aegean seas.


Mountains

Mountains

  • The Alps is Europe’s most famous mountain chain.

    -crosses France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Balkans

    -cuts Italy off from rest of Europe

  • Pyrenees Mtns. block movement from France to Spain & Portugal.

  • Apennines Mtns. divide Italian Peninsula between east & west.

  • Balkan Mtns. block off peninsula, separate ethnic groups.

  • Pindus Mtns. are in Greece.

Alps


Apennines mountains

Apennines Mountains


Uplands

Uplands

  • Hills or low mountains; may have mesas, high plateaus.

    -some are eroded remains of mountain ranges.

  • Uplands include Scandinavian Kjolen Mtns, Scottish Highlands.

    -also Brittany in France and the Meseta plateau in Spain.

  • Some uplands border mountainous areas:

    -Central Uplands of Germany at base of Alps

    -Massif Central uplands in France


Rivers

Rivers

Moving People, Goods, Ideas

  • Network of rivers bring people, goods together

    -allows goods inland from coastal harbors, aids economic growth.

  • Two major, castle-lined rivers as highways are:

    1) Rhine flows north 820 miles from interior to North Sea

    2) Danube flows east 1,771 miles, through 9 countries, to Black Sea.

  • These & many other rivers connect Europeans.

    -encourage trade and travel


Rivers1

Rivers


Rhine river

Rhine River


Northern european plain

Northern European Plain

Fertile Plain

North European Plain in Poland

  • One of the most fertile agricultural regions in the world.

  • Curves across France, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, Poland.

    -flat agricultural land produces vast quantities of food.

  • Flatness also has given invaders open route into Europe


Natural resources of europe

Natural resources of Europe


Resources

Resources

Industry/Energy/Agriculture

Oil in North Sea

  • Coal & iron ore needed to create steel for industrialization.

    -found in Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany, Poland.

  • Major industrialized regions:

    -Ruhr Valley in Germany.

    and parts of the United Kingdom.

  • Oil, natural gas found in North Sea.

    -petroleum supplied by Norway, Netherlands, Britain

  • 33% of Europe is suitable for agriculture; world average only 11%.


Resources shape life

Resources Shape Life

  • Irish burn peat: partially decayed plant matter from bogs


Chapter 12 section 2

Chapter 12 Section 2

Climates

Climates influenced by:

North Atlantic Drift:

-carries warm water from Caribbean to coast

High Mountains (Alps)(Cold)

The Atlantic Ocean prevents:

-Western Countries from having extremes of temperatures

-quite mild year round temperatures.

  • Maritime(most of countries)

  • Humid Continental(inland countries)

  • Mediterranean(in south)

  • Subarctic (in north)


Climates

Climates


North atlantic drift example

North Atlantic DriftExample


Mediterranean winds

Mediterranean Winds

  • Mistral: A cold dry wind from the north. This on the coast of France not protected from the mountains.

  • Sirocco: is a hot steady south wind that blows from North Africa.


Europe growing season

Europe Growing Season


Farming

Farming

Crops

  • Wheat

  • Rye

  • Barley

  • Potatoes

  • Sugar beets

  • Citrus fruits

  • Olives

  • Grapes


Land of the midnight sun

Land of the Midnight Sun

Cold, Dark Winters

  • Tundra climate in far northern Scandinavia, along Arctic Circle

    -permafrost with no trees, only mosses, lichens

  • South of Tundra is subarctic climate: cool with cold, harsh winters

    -little growth except stunted trees.

    Region’s sunlight varies sharply:

    -some winter days have no sun, some summer days have no night


What is the eu

What is the EU

European Union

  • The European Union is a group of countries whose governments work together.

  • It's a bit like a club. To join you have to agree to follow the rules and in return you get certain benefits.

  • Each country has to pay money to be a member. They mostly do this through taxes.

  • The EU uses the money to change the way people live and do business in Europe.

  • Countries join because they think that they will benefit from the changes the EU makes.


Exporting partners

Exporting Partners


Chapter 12 section 3

Chapter 12Section 3

Polders: Land from the Sea

Netherlands

  • “God created the world, but the Dutch created Holland”

    -to hold growing population, the Dutch reclaimed land from the sea

    -40% of the Netherlands was once under water

    -dikes-earth banks that hold back the sea

    -a polder-land reclaimed by diking and draining.


Making a polder

Making a Polder


Seaworks terpen windmills

Seaworks/Terpen/Windmills

Seaworks

Windmills

OLD

NEW

  • Seaworks-structures like dikes that control sea’s destructive force.

    -terpen-high earthen platforms that provide safe ground during floods


Transforming the sea

Transforming the Sea

Zuider Zee

Ijsselmeer Lake

  • It was an arm of the North Sea and is now a freshwater lake.

  • The lake is called Ijsselmeer.

    (eye Suhl mair)


Water pollution

Water Pollution

  • Industrial waste, sewage, saltwater eat away foundations

  • Erosion lets saltwater in

  • Agricultural runoff promotes “killer algae” growth

    -algae grow rapidly, die, decay; this uses up oxygen, so fish die.

    -dead fish attract insects and create stench in warm weather.


Deforestation

Deforestation

Demand for Wood

  • Huge areas of Europe fall prey to deforestation.

  • Wood used to fuel, building, materials for ships, houses.

    • Industry needed wood charcoal for blast furnaces

    • Eventually coal replaces wood, but damages to forests is done.


Problems of europe acid rain

Problems of Europe:Acid Rain

  • Factories produce sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide emissions

    -combine with vapor, create acid rain or snow

    -winds carry emissions to other areas, affecting one-fourth of forests


  • Login