Western Europe. Western Europe Peninsula of Peninsulas. Western Europe. Western Europe. Because of its unique geography and weather patterns, Europe’s landscapes, waterways and climates vary greatly. Western Europe Section1. Western Europe consist of 24 countries.
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A. British Isles
1. United Kingdom
B. Central Europe
C. Benelux Countries
D. Scandinavia Countries
E. Mediterranean Countries
20. Vatican City
21. San Marino
-steep U-shaped valleys connected to sea, filled with seawater
-provide harbors for fishing boats
-gentle, rolling hills & swampy low areas.
Great Britain, Ireland, Iceland, & Greenland
Smaller: Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, & Crete
-booted-shaped, with 4700 miles of coastline
-crosses France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Balkans
-cuts Italy off from rest of Europe
-some are eroded remains of mountain ranges.
-also Brittany in France and the Meseta plateau in Spain.
-Central Uplands of Germany at base of Alps
-Massif Central uplands in France
Moving People, Goods, Ideas
-allows goods inland from coastal harbors, aids economic growth.
1) Rhine flows north 820 miles from interior to North Sea
2) Danube flows east 1,771 miles, through 9 countries, to Black Sea.
-encourage trade and travel
North European Plain in Poland
-flat agricultural land produces vast quantities of food.
Oil in North Sea
-found in Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany, Poland.
-Ruhr Valley in Germany.
and parts of the United Kingdom.
-petroleum supplied by Norway, Netherlands, Britain
Climates influenced by:
North Atlantic Drift:
-carries warm water from Caribbean to coast
High Mountains (Alps)(Cold)
The Atlantic Ocean prevents:
-Western Countries from having extremes of temperatures
-quite mild year round temperatures.
Cold, Dark Winters
-permafrost with no trees, only mosses, lichens
-little growth except stunted trees.
Region’s sunlight varies sharply:
-some winter days have no sun, some summer days have no night
Polders: Land from the Sea
-to hold growing population, the Dutch reclaimed land from the sea
-40% of the Netherlands was once under water
-dikes-earth banks that hold back the sea
-a polder-land reclaimed by diking and draining.
-terpen-high earthen platforms that provide safe ground during floods
(eye Suhl mair)
-algae grow rapidly, die, decay; this uses up oxygen, so fish die.
-dead fish attract insects and create stench in warm weather.
Demand for Wood
-combine with vapor, create acid rain or snow
-winds carry emissions to other areas, affecting one-fourth of forests