Political Parties. Objectives: Define political parties Identify the two major political parties in the U.S. Explain the ideological differences between the two main political parties in the U.S. Explain the beginnings of political parties and analyze how they have changed over time
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Define political parties
Identify the two major political parties in the U.S.
Explain the ideological differences between the two main political parties in the U.S.
Explain the beginnings of political parties and analyze how they have changed over time
Discuss the role of third parties
Emphasized states’ rights
“strict” interpretation of the Constitution
Strength in South and West
Stressed civil liberties and trust in the people
A. first two parties- Federalists and Anti-federalists.
B. era of the democrats-1800-1860.
1. democratic party-Andrew Jackson helped start it.
C. era of the republicans-1860-1932.
1. republican party founded to stop spread of slavery.
2. Lincoln-first republican president.
D. return of the democrats-1932-1968
E. era of divided government- 1968 to present
1. period where no party has dominated the government.
2. period where president and congress usually not controlled by same party.
Liberal vs Conservative
1. usually favor cutting taxes for the middle and lower class and raising taxes on the upper class.
2. pro choice, favor social programs, favor affirmative action.
1. usually favor cutting taxes for upper class.
2. pro life, against increased social programs, against affirmative action, favor military spending.
B. economic status
E. major events
Based on single issue
Based on an idea
ie. Any “ist” party
Socialist, communist etc.
Based on major party with
Ie. Green party
Based on money issues
Ie tax reform party
“We need to set up our campaign system so that who gets to run is not a matter of how much money they have or whether they belong to a party. Campaigns have become far too expensive, and the average candidate ends up selling out to special interest groups in order to obtain the funding to run…Campaigns should be funded only by the people, from small, individual donations, so that only those individuals that the people truly want will participate.”
“We have called by different names brethren of the same principle. We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists. If there be any who wish to dissolve this Union or to change its republican form, let them stand undisturbed as monuments of the safety with which error of opinion may be tolerated where reason is left free to combat it…”
1. more people today are labeling themselves as independents.
2. split-ticket voting- choosing candidates from two different parties on the same ballot.