Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed
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Why do a TMDL Implementation Plan for Big Otter Watershed?. What is a TMDL?. Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) is a term used to describe the amount of pollution a stream can receive and still meet Water Quality Standards.

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Why do a TMDL Implementation Plan for Big Otter Watershed?

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Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

Why do a TMDL Implementation Plan for Big Otter Watershed?


What is a tmdl

What is a TMDL?

  • Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) is a term used to describe the amount of pollution a stream can receive and still meet Water Quality Standards.

    • Identify all sources of pollution contributing to violation of water quality standards.

    • Calculate the amount of pollutants entering the stream from each source.

    • Calculate the reductions in pollutants, by source, needed to attain/maintain water quality standards.


Total maximum daily loads tmdls are mandated by law

Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) are Mandated by Law

  • Federal 1972 Clean Water Act requires

    • Water Quality Monitoring

    • Periodic Assessment and Impaired Waters Listing

    • Develop TMDLs for Impaired Waters

  • Virginia’s 1997 Water Quality Monitoring

  • Information and Restoration Act (WQMIRA)

  • requires

    • TMDLs for Impaired Waters

    • An Implementation Plan

  • 1999 Consent Degree with EPA to develop

  • TMDL Reports for all 1998 listed streams by

  • 2010


Tmdl 3 part process

TMDL- 3 Part Process:

  • TMDL development

  • Implementation Plan development

  • Implement the plan


Steps after epa approval

Steps after EPA Approval

  • Develop Implementation Plans

  • Continue targeted Best Management Practices

  • Continue stream monitoring: DEQ, Citizen Monitoring


Steps between epa approval and implementation plan start up

Steps between EPA Approval and Implementation Plan Start-up

  • Interim period between TMDL approval and Implementation Plan development

    • Promote implementation of Best Management Practices (BMPs)

    • Initiate educational outreach activities

    • Establish organizational framework for the Implementation Plan development

    • Identify and seek funding opportunities (i.e., grants)


Implementation plan development

Implementation Plan development is required by state legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)

DCR has lead for NPS TMDL implementation plans

DCR, DEQ, and other state, federal and local agencies will support plan development

Implementation Plan Development


Implementation plan development1

Implementation Plan Development

  • Implementation Plan will be done locally

  • Stakeholders will have the opportunity to participate in the plan development

    • Steering Committee, Working Groups

    • Public meetings

  • Guidance Manual for Total Maximum Daily Load Implementation Plans

http://www.deq.state.va.us/tmdl/implans/ipguide.pdf


Integration with other watershed plans

Integration with other Watershed Plans

  • Multiple water quality programs and activities may be underway in individual watersheds

  • Each plan has specific geographical boundaries and goals

  • TMDL implementation will be coordinated with other water quality plans such as:

    • Watershed / Conservation Roundtables

    • Local Comprehensive Plans


Potential funding ource

Potential Funding $ource$

  • Potential funding sources for best management practices (BMPs) selected during Implementation Plan development:

    • USDA Programs - CREP/EQIP

    • WQIA projects

    • Section 319 Funds

    • State Revolving Loan Funds

    • Cost-Share Program

    • Tax Credits


Tmdl 3 part process1

TMDL- 3 Part Process:

  • TMDL development

  • Implementation Plan development

  • Implement the plan


Status of implementation plan development in virginia

Status of Implementation Plan Development in Virginia

  • 9 IPs are completed, 7 are currently being implemented

  • 8 additional IPs are under development

  • 2 additional IPs are in start-up phase

  • 48 stream segments will be improved with IPs to be completed by early 2006


Status of big otter tmdl

Status of Big Otter TMDL

  • DEQ public meetings were held on:

    • March 16, 2000

    • April 25, 2000

    • May 23, 2000

    • The draft TMDL report was presented to the public on August 2, 2000

  • Approved by EPA February 2, 2001

  • Approved by State Water Control Board (SWCB) June 17, 2004


Status of big otter tmdl implementation plan development

Status of Big Otter TMDL Implementation Plan Development

  • Informational meetings were held on:

    • September 9, 2004 in Bedford County

    • November 1, 2004 in Campbell County

    • Jason Ericson (DCR) met with the Campbell County Board of Supervisors on December 6, 2004


Why do a tmdl implementation plan ip

Why do a TMDL Implementation Plan(IP)?

  • The implementation plan will open the door to funding that can fund technical assistance and the implementation of Agricultural and Urban BMPs through an implementation project once the plan is completed and approved.

  • The ultimate goal of the Implementation plan is improving water quality through a cooperative partnership in the Big Otter Watershed.


Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

TMDL Implementation Plan Development Big Otter Watershed

First Public Meeting

May 19, 2005


Objectives

Objectives

  • Description of watershed

  • Overview of bacteria source characterization

  • Overview of TMDL development and Allocation Scenarios

  • Description of TMDL Implementation Plan development process


Tmdl implementation plan

TMDL Implementation Plan

Implementation Guidance Manual

  • Document that details actions or strategies that must be undertaken to achieve load reductions to ensure that water quality standards are met.

http://www.deq.state.va.us/tmdl/implans/ipguide.pdf


Landuse distribution percent of total area

Landuse Distribution(Percent of Total Area)


1998 and 2004 bacterial impairments

1998 and 2004 Bacterial Impairments

*note that the Buffalo Creek impairment is listed as an extension of the Big Otter River


Percent of samples exceeding water quality standard

Percent of Samples Exceeding Water Quality Standard


Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

Wildlife

Livestock

Crops

Forest

Pasture

Residential

Stream

Humans and Pets

Sources and Distribution of Bacteria


Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

Estimates

GIS

Census

No

Expert Group

Producers

Agencies

Trappers

Yes

Bacteria

Load

Estimates

Consensus

Stakeholders

Bacteria Source Characterization


Linking sources to water quality

MODEL

OUTPUT

• Runoff

  • Bacteria load

Linking sources to water quality

INPUT

  • Soils

  • Weather

  • Land-use

  • Pollutant sources

Models are used to predict how watersheds respond and to evaluate pollutant reduction options


Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

Stream Network and Subwatersheds


Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

Die-off

Die-off

Direct

Deposit

Die-off

Stream

Fate and Transport of Bacteria: Livestock

Storage

Crops

Pasture


Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

Fate and Transport of Bacteria: Wildlife

Crops

Forest

Die-off

Pasture

Residential

Direct

Deposit

Stream


Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed

Fate and Transport of Bacteria:

Humans and Pets

Failing Septic System

Die-off

Straight Pipe

Pets

Stream


Bacteria load allocation

Bacteria Load Allocation

  • Identify reductions from existing sources to meet water quality standards

  • Consider all sources

    • Direct contributions

      • Permitted point sources

      • Animals in the stream

    • Indirect contributions

      • Septic systems

      • Cropland

      • Pasture

      • Residential/Urban


Allocation scenarios

Allocation Scenarios

TMDL Allocation Scenarios

Phase 1 Allocation Scenarios


Components of a tmdl ip

Components of a TMDL IP

  • Corrective Actions

  • Cost/Benefit Analysis

  • Measurable Goals and Milestones

  • Timeline to achieve water quality objectives

  • Public participation


Corrective actions bmps

Corrective Actions – BMPs

  • Assess needs

    • TMDL allocations

    • Identify best management practices (BMPs) both existing/potential

  • Spatial analysis

  • Define resources/constraints

    • financial, time, staff, social…

  • Phased approach (targeting)

    • Spatial analysis/modeling

    • Most bang for the buck

Courtesy VA Department of Conservation and Recreation


Estimating fencing needs

Estimating Fencing Needs


Targeting example

Targeting Example

100 beef livestock


Cost benefit analysis

Cost/Benefit Analysis

  • Assess cost for phased/full implementation

  • Evaluate environmental benefit

  • Identify/evaluate economic benefits of implementation

  • Identify funding sources

Source: VADCR Blackwater River TMDL Implementation Plan


Measurable goals timeline

Measurable Goals/Timeline

  • Implementation milestones – stakeholders

  • Interim water quality goals – modeling

  • 5 – 10 year time frame to meet water quality standard

Example


Public participation

Public Participation

  • Public Meetings

    • Informational

    • Solicit public participation

    • Provide a forum for public comment

  • Steering Committee

    • Direct the overall process

    • Review output from working groups

    • Review future implementation

  • Working groups

    • Address “community” issues/concerns


Public meetings

Public Notice

indicates contamination fro

m fecal matter. As a result o

f this listing and court a

ca Total Maximum Daily Load (TM

completed to d

ater quali in these streams.

The TMDL study indicated that

the reductio

ns needed were:

98-100%s,

100% reduction in loads

0-10% reduction in.

Public Meetings

  • Outreach/notification

    • Mailings, newspapers articles, radio, flyers

  • Two Public meetings

    • May, 2005

    • January, 2006

  • Public comment period (30 days)


Stakeholder interaction schematic

Stakeholder Interaction Schematic


Working groups

Working Groups

  • Include:

    • Agriculture

    • Urban/Residential

    • Government

    • Others?

  • Meet

    • 1-2 times each

    • Summer – Early Fall 2005


Agricultural working group

Agricultural Working Group

  • Responsibilities:

    • Identify potential constraints to implementation

    • Identify alternative funding sources/partnerships

    • Review implementation strategies from an agricultural perspective

    • Identify outreach methods for engaging producers


Urban residential working group

Urban/Residential Working Group

  • Responsibilties

    • Identify possible constraints to implementation

    • Identify methods of outreach to homeowners sewage problems

    • Identify alternative funding sources/partnerships

    • Review implementation strategies from a homeowner’s perspective


Government working group

Government Working Group

  • Responsibilities:

    • Identify funding sources

    • Identify available technical resources

    • Identify appropriate “measurable” goals and timelines

    • Identify existing applicable regulatory controls

    • Identify potential parties to be responsible for implementation


Tmdl implementation plan schedule

TMDL Implementation Plan Schedule

  • May 2005: First public meeting

  • June – Sept. 2005:Working Groups/Steering

    Committee meet as needed

  • December 2005: Complete draft Big Otter TMDL IP

  • January 2006: Final public meeting

  • March 2006: Begin implementation


Steering committee

Steering Committee

  • Includes:

    • DCR, DEQ, Working Group Representatives, NRCS, Dept. of Health, local govt., SWCD, Stakeholders

  • Meet: 2-3 meetings during plan development

  • Responsibilities

    • Review technical data

    • Assess input form working groups

    • Address community concerns/suggestions

    • Guide the process

      • Are we getting “representative” inputs?

      • How can the process be improved?


Opportunity to participate

Opportunity to participate

  • The development of the Implementation Plan should be a cooperative endeavor that attains consensus.

  • All stakeholders will have opportunities to participate through “working groups” and/or the steering committee.

LOCAL CITIZEN INPUT IS CRITICAL !


Questions or comments

Questions or Comments


Contacts

Contacts

Theresa Carter, Department of Conservation and Recreation

voice: 276.676.5527

e-mail: [email protected]

Jason Hill, Department of Environmental Quality

Voice: 540.562.6724

e-mail: [email protected]

Brian Benham, Virginia Tech

voice: 540.231.5705

e-mail: [email protected]


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