Ancient indian civilizations
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CHAPTER 3. Ancient Indian Civilizations. Section 1: Indus River Valley Section 2: Indo-Aryan Migrants Section 3: Hinduism and Buddhism Section 4: Ancient Indian Dynasties Section 5: Ancient Indian Life and Culture. Section 1:. Indus River Valley. Objectives:.

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Ancient Indian Civilizations

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Ancient indian civilizations

CHAPTER 3

Ancient Indian Civilizations

Section 1:Indus River Valley

Section 2:Indo-Aryan Migrants

Section 3:Hinduism and Buddhism

Section 4:Ancient Indian Dynasties

Section 5:Ancient Indian Life and Culture


Objectives

Section 1:

Indus River Valley

Objectives:

  • Examine the role geography and climate played in the settlement of the Indian subcontinent.

  • Investigate how people in the first Indus River valley civilization lived.


The importance of geography and climate

Section 1:

Indus River Valley

The Importance of Geography and Climate

  • Physical geography – Himalayas, Ganges River, Indus River

  • The climate – monsoons and high temperatures


Early civilization in the indus

Section 1:

Indus River Valley

Early Civilization in the Indus

  • River valley

  • Large, carefully planned cities

  • Facilities for storage and distribution of surplus food


Objectives1

Section 2:

Indo-Aryan Migrants

Objectives:

  • Explain how life in northern India changed with the coming of the Indo-Aryans.

  • Identify the major contributions of the Indo-Aryans to ancient Indian society.


The nomadic indo aryans

Section 2:

Indo-Aryan Migrants

The Nomadic Indo-Aryans

  • The Vedic Age

  • Indo-Aryan religion – from nature


Early indo aryan society

Section 2:

Indo-Aryan Migrants

Early Indo-Aryan Society

  • Indo-Aryan society – settled communities, marriage was important

  • The Indo-Aryan economy – barter

  • Southern India


Section 3 objectives

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

Section 3: Objectives:

  • Describe the importance of religion in ancient Indian society.

  • Identify the principal elements of Hinduism.

  • Identify the basic beliefs of Buddhism.


The upanishads and the epics

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

The Upanishads and the Epics

  • Upanishads – written explanation of Vedic religion

  • Epics – long poems based on historical or religious themes

  • Bhagavad Gita


A changing society

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

A Changing Society

  • Caste system

  • Varnas – social classes


Hinduism

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism

  • Hindu beliefs – monism, reincarnation

  • Hindu religious practices – yoga, seasonal festivals


Buddhism

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

Buddhism

  • The Buddha’s teachings – reincarnation, ethics, selflessness

  • The spread of Buddhism


Objectives2

Section 4:

Ancient Indian Dynasties

Objectives:

  • Explain how the Mauryan rulers increased their power.

  • Examine the reasons for the decline of Gupta rule.


Rise of the mauryan empire

Section 4:

Ancient Indian Dynasties

Rise of the Mauryan Empire

  • Chandragupta Maurya – powerful leader

  • Aśoka – great ruler, Buddhist


The gupta rulers

Section 4:

Ancient Indian Dynasties

The Gupta Rulers

  • Less centralized rule

  • Local leaders

  • Invaders from Asia


Objectives3

Section 5:

Ancient Indian Life and Culture

Objectives:

  • Describe how women’s rights were limited in ancient Indian society.

  • Identify the most important achievements of the Gupta period.


Economy and society

Section 5:

Ancient Indian Life and Culture

Economy and Society

  • Women were prohibited from owning property

  • Polygyny


Cultural achievements

Section 5:

Ancient Indian Life and Culture

Cultural Achievements

  • Art and architecture

  • Education – Nalanda

  • Mathematics and astronomy – algebra, quadratic equations

  • Medicine – inoculation


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