Turning point of the 20 th century
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TURNING POINT OF THE 20 TH CENTURY. WORLD WAR II. NATIONAL MYTHS AND THE WORLD WAR II EXPERIENCE. Each European nation has its own myths regarding WWII…. Ussr/russia. “THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR…”. For the USSR, World War II was the seminal event. Validated Communism and Stalin

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WORLD WAR II

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Turning point of the 20 th century

TURNING POINT OF THE 20TH CENTURY

WORLD WAR II


National myths and the world war ii experience

NATIONAL MYTHS AND THE WORLD WAR II EXPERIENCE

  • Each European nation has its own myths regarding WWII…


Ussr russia

Ussr/russia

“THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR…”


World war ii

  • For the USSR, World War II was the seminal event.

  • Validated Communism and Stalin

  • Made Russia one of the two superpowers.


Stalinism the soviet 1930 s

Stalinism: the Soviet 1930’s

  • small peasant farms→huge collective farms

  • small industries→heavy industries

    →political terror

    →major military power

    Ideology was key

    Religion ruthlessly suppressed…cathedrals destroyed


Five year plans

FIVE YEAR PLANS

  • Central government

    planners set goals -

    Soviet industry

    almost catches up to

    rest of Europe in less

    than 15 years

    Right: Happy Peasants


Collective farms

COLLECTIVE FARMS


Famine in ukraine see dbqs

Famine in Ukraine – See DBQs

  • HARVESTS FAIL IN 1932-33


Eliminating the kulaks

ELIMINATING THE KULAKS

  • Kulaks were prosperous peasants, who sometimes lent money and seed to other peasants

  • Accused of sabotage

  • Stalin launches a class war


Socialist realism

Socialist Realism

  • ART MUST PROMOTE

    THE GOALS OF THEREVOLUTION.


Rewriting history

REWRITING HISTORY


The terror of the 1930 s

The Terror of the 1930’s

  • Show trials

  • Forced labor in the gulag

  • Purges:

    • Red Army marshals and generals decimated in 1937-1938


The gulag

THE GULAG

  • WORK CAMPS FOR DISSENTERS OR ANYONE ACCUSED BY PARTY

  • MOSTLY IN SIBERIA – MASSIVE PROJECTS BUILT BY SLAVE LABOR


Purges

PURGES

  • STALIN REMOVED ANYONE HE PERCEIVED AS A THREAT

  • EVENTUALLY, ALMOST ALL THE “OLD BOLSHEVIKS” OF THE REVOLUTION WERE REPLACED BY “LITTLE STALINS”


Cult of personality

CULT OF PERSONALITY


Stalin and hitler

STALIN AND HITLER

  • HITLER DETESTS COMMUNISM

  • Nonaggression Pact signed 1939

  • Stalin cooperates in Hitler’s invasion of Poland, grabs territory.


June 22 1941 germany invades

JUNE 22, 1941Germany Invades


What did stalin do in the first few days

What did Stalin do in the first few days?

  • Hid in the Kremlin…

  • 3 July: radio address by Stalin…

  • “Forward to victory.”


Lend lease

Lend Lease

  • US aided its allies with war materials, such as ammunition, tanks, airplanes, and trucks, and with food etc.


Nameless @ leningrad

Nameless @ Leningrad

  • 670,000 died and are buried in mass graves…

  • Soviet citizens paid a hefty price for following Stalin’s order that no one flee a city under siege or retreat from battle


The war was decided

THE WAR WAS DECIDED

  • By the end of 1941, the Germans had lost the war

    • Failure of Nazis to take Moscow – Hitler suffers his 1st defeat against the Russians who were ordered not to retreat

    • US entry into the war


1944 1945 normandy to germany

1944-1945…Normandy to Germany

  • Race for Berlin began

  • Realization that where the lines were when the war ended would determine post war governments

  • First post-war conference Yalta…January 1945


What was the primary concern of stalin and the ussr at the end of wwii

What was the primary concern of Stalin and the USSR at the end of WWII?


World war ii

THE RUSSIANS WON THE SECOND WORLD WAR AIDED BY BRITISH STUBBORNESS AND AMERICAN TECHNOLOGY….

Jay Winter, Yale


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