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WORKING WITH LEP CLIENTS & INTERPRETERS. Trainers: Sandy Yeung, Kim Vo, Asian Outreach Unit Moriah Nelson, Language Access Fellow, VLP. June 25, 2013. Agenda. Introductions Language Access Advocacy Working with Interpreters Hiring interpreters Best Practices Ethical considerations

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June 25 2013

WORKING WITH LEP CLIENTS & INTERPRETERS

Trainers:

Sandy Yeung, Kim Vo, Asian Outreach Unit

Moriah Nelson, Language Access Fellow, VLP

June 25, 2013


Agenda
Agenda

  • Introductions

  • Language Access Advocacy

  • Working with Interpreters

    • Hiring interpreters

    • Best Practices

    • Ethical considerations

  • Cultural Barriers


Group introductions
Group Introductions

  • Name

  • Unit

  • Language(s) you speak

  • Have you had any experience working with/as an interpreter?


Language access advocacy numbers
Language Access Advocacy – Numbers

  • What are the top five languages spoken by LEP individuals in Suffolk County?

    • Spanish (49% of LEP population)

    • Chinese (11%)

    • French/Haitian Creole (7.5%)

    • Portuguese (6.7%)

    • Vietnamese (6.7%)


Language access advocacy numbers1
Language Access Advocacy – Numbers

  • What are the top five languages spoken by LEP individuals in Norfolk County?

    • Chinese (32% of LEP population)

    • Portuguese (10.3%)

    • Spanish (7.8%)

    • Vietnamese (7.8%)

    • Russian (6.8%)


Language access advocacy
Language Access Advocacy

  • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    • Prohibits discrimination based on race, color, or national origin by recipients of federal funding

  • Lau v. Nichols, 414 U.S. 563 (1974)

    • Title VI prohibits national origin discrimination based on language;

    • Ensure LEP individuals have meaningful access to federally funded programs


Language access advocacy1
Language Access Advocacy

  • Executive Order 13166

    • Prohibits recipients of federal assistance from discriminating based on national origin by failing to provide meaningful access to LEP individuals

  • DOJ LEP Guidance

    • Federally funded agencies have to issue plan to improve access by LEP persons

    • Four-factor analysis


Language access advocacy2
Language Access Advocacy

  • Massachusetts Gen. Laws c.151B

    • Executive Order 478

    • MA Language Access Policy Implementation Guidelines

  • Language Access Coalition

    • Legal Services Programs

    • Courts

    • State Agencies


Language access advocacy at gbls
Language Access Advocacy at GBLS

  • Individual case level

    • Using Language Access as legal handle

  • Systemic advocacy:

    • Bilingual Ballots Advocacy

    • Boston Housing Authority

    • Department of Unemployment Assistance

    • Department of Transitional Assistance

    • Department of Industrial Accidents


Other resources
Other Resources

  • lep.gov

  • Massachusetts Language Access State Agency Policy Implementation Guidelines www.mass.gov/Eoaf/docs/anf/anf16_language.doc

  • Massachusetts Legal Services: Language Access Libraryhttp://www.masslegalservices.org/library-directory/language-access


Transition working w lep and the need for an interpreter
Transition: Working w/ LEP and the Need for an Interpreter?

  • When do clients need an interpreter?

  • When do advocates need an interpreter?


Definitions terminology
DEFINITIONS & TERMINOLOGY

  • Interpreters – interpret spoken word

  • Translators – translate written text

  • Modes of Interpretation

    • Simultaneous

    • Consecutive

    • Sight Translation



Working with interpreters best practices
WORKING WITH INTERPRETERSBEST PRACTICES

  • Arrange for a qualified interpreter.

  • Schedule additional time for meeting when interpreter is needed.

  • Prep & Instruct the interpreter.

  • Discuss confidentiality.

  • Arrange seating with direct eye contact with the client.

  • Speak directly to the client using first person.


Working with interpreters best practices1
WORKING WITH INTERPRETERSBEST PRACTICES

  • Use plain English. Define legal terms. No legalese.

  • Pause regularly. Remind client to pause.

  • Confirm mutual understanding; ask clarifying questions and confirm key facts or decisions.

  • Maintain 3-way communication.

  • Explain purpose of questions.

  • Give client your contact info.

  • Debrief with the Interpreter.


Debrief with the interpreter
Debrief with the Interpreter

Some questions you can ask, include:

  •  From your perspective as the interpreter, how did this meeting go?

  •  Were there any moments where you felt you had to go beyond your role in order to faithfully interpret what was said?

  •  Were there instances during the interpretation in which you added or subtracted from the interpretation, and if so can you share the reasons for this?

  •  What suggestions do you have for how I can be more sensitive or more responsive to the client’s culture, when for example, I ask questions, give information or make suggestions?


Gbls general policy for arranging interpreters services
GBLS General Policy for Arranging Interpreters Services

Casehandler is responsible!

Situations:

  • Conference calls/telephone to set up appointment/ walk-ins – use Optimal Phone Interpreters (OPI)

  • In personal meeting or phone interview – arrange for interpreter

  • Emergency (not walk-in) – use OPI, find bilingual staff


Tips for using telephone interpreters
Tips for Using Telephone Interpreters

1. Get the interpreter’s name or ID number

2. Context and Introductions

3. Test the client’s understanding indirectly

4. Remember that the interpreter cannot see you

5. Ask the LEP client if the interpretation was successful


Rules of professional conduct for interpreters
Rules of Professional Conduct for Interpreters

  • Canon 1: Accuracy & Completeness

    • No omissions, additions or summary

    • Style, tone and register

  • Canon 2: Representation of Qualifications

  • Canon 3: Impartiality and Avoidance of Conflict of Interest

    • Real or perceived

  • Canon 4: Professional Demeanor

    • Unobtrusive

  • Canon 5: Confidentiality

    • Attorney-Client Privilege


Rules of professional conduct for interpreters1
Rules of Professional Conduct for Interpreters

  • Canon 6: Restriction of Public Comment

  • Canon 7: Scope of Practice

    • Only to serve as an interpreter or translator

    • No legal advice or personal opinions/beliefs

  • Canon 8: Assessing and Reporting Impediments to Performance

  • Canon 9: Duty to Report Ethical Violations

  • Canon 10: Professional Development

    Source: National Center for State Courts Model Code of Professional Responsibility for Interpreters in the Judiciary


When you are interpreting
WHEN YOU ARE INTERPRETING…

  • Know that your language skills are valuable!

  • Know what your role is

  • Know the vocabulary - (MLS legal glossaries)

  • Know that you need to practice

  • Know your limits! Know when to say no!

    • Interagency Language Roundtable (ILR) Language Proficiency Self-Assessment


Cultural barriers
Cultural Barriers

  • Excerpt from Susan, Bryant, The Five Habits: Building Cross-Cultural Competence in Lawyers, 8 CLINICAL L. REV. 33 (2001).

  • Culture is like the air we breathe -- it is largely invisible and yet we are dependent on it for our very being. Culture is the logic by which we give order to the world.

  • Through our invisible cultural lens, we judge people to be truthful, rude, intelligent or superstitious based on the attributions we make about the meaning of their behavior.


Cultural barriers1
Cultural Barriers

  • Ask: what assumptions am I making? What bias am I bringing?

  • Listen to the Client.

  • What cultural understanding of issues does the Client bring?


Differing understandings of systems and bureaucratic processes
Differing Understandings of Systems and Bureaucratic Processes

  • Clients May Have Differing Concepts of

    • Process

    • Roles

    • Ownership/ Entitlement

    • Decision making

    • Terms of art in Legal world


Role play exercise
ROLE PLAY EXERCISE Processes

  • Instructions:

    • Focus on role of advocate

    • Identify problems advocate is having with the interpreter and client

    • Refer to best practices handout and identify solutions to resolve these problems


Gbls resources
GBLS Resources Processes

  • Interpreters List:

    S:\Public\_GBLS Interpreters List

  • Invoice for Service

    Internal website

  • Evaluations:

    Internal website


Closing discussion
Closing Discussion Processes

  • Talk to your Supervisor to check on your unit policies regarding LEP clients

  • Do evaluations on interpreters

  • Check materials on our Shared Drive: s:\Public\Working with LEP clients and Interpreters


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