Psychology 3260 personality social development
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Psychology 3260: Personality & Social Development. Don Hartmann, Spring 2006 Lecture 9: Piaget. Overview of Piaget Lecture. Coffee & Cream Introduction to Piaget Piaget’s Theory A Practical Application Evaluation Summary Black & White Marbles. Coffee & Cream.

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Psychology 3260: Personality & Social Development

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Psychology 3260 personality social development

Psychology 3260: Personality & Social Development

Don Hartmann, Spring 2006

Lecture 9: Piaget


Overview of piaget lecture

Overview of Piaget Lecture

  • Coffee & Cream

  • Introduction to Piaget

  • Piaget’s Theory

  • A Practical Application

  • Evaluation

  • Summary

  • Black & White Marbles


Coffee cream

Coffee & Cream

  • Begin with two cups, Cup 1 containing 8 oz. of cream, Cup 2 containing 8 oz. of coffee (or diet Coke)

  • Remove 2 oz. of cream from Cup 1 and place it in Cup 2. Mix thoroughly.

  • Remove 2 oz. of the coffee/cream mixture in Cup 2 and place it in Cup 1.

  • Question: Is there

    • More coffee in Cup 1 than cream in Cup 2?

    • More cream in Cup 2 than coffee in Cup 1?

    • The same amount of cream in Cup 2 as coffee in Cup 1?

    • None of the above.


Introduction to piaget

Introduction to Piaget

  • 3rd Most influential psychologist of the 20th century

  • Father of Cognitive Developmental Theory

  • Background facts


Major thesis

Major Thesis

  • Social development is a consequence of changes in cognitive development

  • Responsible in large part for Social Cognition (e.g., gender conceptions, humor)


The nature of piaget s theory

The Nature of Piaget’s Theory

  • Strong stage theory. Stages are:

    • Qualitative (rather than quantitative)

    • Coherent (consistent)

    • Fixed (just four, no more)

    • Universal (applicable to all, though not all are believed to achieve all the stages), and

    • Invariant (we all go through them in the same order; no skipping).!

  • Based on structure of thought, rather than on content of thought


Stages 1

Stages (1)

  • Sensorimotor (0‑2). From reflex to reflective!

  • Preoperational (2‑7). At this stage children have not yet gained the operations that allow them to think logically. Perception is characterized by centration & thinking by egocentrism


Egocentrism

Egocentrism


Stages 2

Stages (2)

  • Concrete operation (7‑12); use operations (e.g., transitivity), but fixed on real

  • Formal operations (12‑?). Abstractions, logical reasoning


Some conservation tasks

Some Conservation Tasks


Still more conservation tasks

Still More Conservation Tasks


How does growth occur

How does Growth Occur?

  • 1. Through both nature and nurture; maturation + certain critical experiences

  • 2. In general, through accommodation and adap- tation

  • 3. Though Cognitive Disequilibrium

  • 4. Though Interactions with Peers


What about learning

What about Learning?

  • Learning is a product of one's cognitive development.

    • The child's existing cognitive structures determine how he/she interprets social experiences and, hence, what is likely to be learned from interactions with others


What about personality

The Brain: Cognition; you get it, right?

What about Personality?

  • Dependent upon cognitive development; e.g., can't have notion of gender, until conservation.


A practical application teaching traditional gender behavior

A Practical Application: Teaching Traditional Gender Behavior

  • Match the instructional approach to the developmental level of the child

  • Has the child developed the notion of gender constancy?

  • Help the child form concept that she is a girl.


Evaluation strengths

Evaluation: Strengths

  • Importance of cognition -- even for social content!

  • Process of thinking rather than content of thought

  • Wonderful descriptive framework


Evaluation weaknesses

Evaluation: Weaknesses

  • Strong on developmental function; weak on IDs

  • Specific ages often erroneous. When we think an event or a process occurs is in part a function of how we conduct the assessment!

  • Characteristics of stages:

    • Coherence of stages: conservation problems not conservation problem....(Gertrude Stein)

    • Backsliding,

    • Universality (e.g., of moral development ‑‑ gender differences),

  • Description not explanation


Summary

Summary

  • What about Coffee & Cream? Answer tomorrow.

  • Piaget in all his glory

  • Tomorrow: Biologically-Based Theories

  • Go in Peace!

  • P.S. What about black & white marbles? Answer tomorrow


What about black white marbles

What about Black & White Marbles?

  • Urn 1 contains 100 white marbles; Urn 2 100 black marbles.

  • Take 20 of the white marbles from Urn 1 and place them in Urn 2. Mix the marbles well.

  • Take 20 of the mixture of marbles in Urn 2 and place them in Urn 1

  • The Question:

    • Is there more black marbles in Urn 1 than white marbles in Urn 2?

    • Is there more white marbles in Urn 2 than black marbles in Urn 1?

    • Is there is same number of white marbles in Urn 2 as black marbles in Urn !?

    • None of the above.


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