Chapter 18: Late Adulthood: Social and Personality Development. Development Across the Lifespan. Personality Development and Successful Aging. Whether personality changes or stays stable in late adulthood depends on which facets of personality are considered.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Chapter 18: Late Adulthood: Social and Personality Development
Development Across the Lifespan
Erikson labeled the last stage of personality development EGO-INTEGRITY-VERSUS-DESPAIR, which is characterized by a process of looking back over one's life, evaluating it, and coming to terms with it.
~Most people studied fell into the final category
Erikson, Peck, Levinson & Neugarten all suggest that a major characteristic of personality development in old age is looking backward, called a LIFE REVIEW,where people examine and evaluate their lives.
(Overall personality growth & development!)
~These theories help explain why aging is viewed more positively in less industrialized societies
~ Important to avoid broad global statements about how older adults are treated in a given society!
Selective Optimization with Compensation
According to this model, successful aging occurs when an older adult focuses on his or her most important areas of functioning & compensates for losses in other areas.
ADULT DAY-CARE FACILITIESare where elderly individuals receive care only during the day, but spend nights and weekends in their own homes.
Fears of nursing homes can lead to INSTITUTIONALISM, a psychological state in which people develop apathy, indifference, and a lack of caring about themselves.
The elderly must often live on a fixed income.
The elderly face rising health costs.
Living Patterns of Older Americans
Think about what these patterns might suggest about the relative health & adjustment of men & women.
Terman study, continued
Terman study, continued
For many couples, retirement means that relationships have to be refashioned.
Few events are more painful than the death of a spouse.
The Process of Adjustment to Widowhood
Heinemann & Evans, 1990
Friendships play an important role in the lives of those in late adulthood.
Social Activity in Late Adulthood
Friends & family play an important role in the social activity of the elderly.
Not all grandparents take great pride in their grandchildren.