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Week 2. April 20, 2007. Administration. 1. Next week is off Promise to have readings on the web site today Find the website through my home page (courses/graduate). Definitions: communication. An exchange of information between a sender and a receiver Does it have to be an exchange

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Week 2

Week 2

April 20, 2007


Administration
Administration

  • 1. Next week is off

  • Promise to have readings on the web site today

  • Find the website through my home page (courses/graduate)


Definitions communication
Definitions: communication

  • An exchange of information between a sender and a receiver

  • Does it have to be an exchange

    • Yes: (why) “better understand” is an evaluative word

      • You are offering a value/opinion

      • Does that have anything to do with analysis?


Against exchange
Against Exchange

  • No: communication is a process of transferring information

    • It doesn’t have to be an exchange? Reference the case of communication involving objects and people

  • Do you all agree that communication involves information?

  • Do you all agree that communication involves “sender” and a “receiver”?

    • If I go into the woods where no is (except trees) and I shout: “I hate the world!” is that communication?




Information exchange and in security
Information Exchange and In/Security world!” and a big, brown bear approaches and rears up and shows its claws and roars:

  • Example of the Virginia shooting:

  • In this case where is the information?

    • There was shouting

    • Based on this an RA was called to “mediate” or settle the dispute

    • Then there was a shooting

    • The sounds of verbal fighting and the sounds of the gunshots were information

    • If there were witnesses who saw him leave then that is also information


Information exchange and in security1
Information Exchange and In/Security world!” and a big, brown bear approaches and rears up and shows its claws and roars:

The police interviewed the roommate and based on the information that she gave them they went to talk to the boyfriend

Conclusion: exchanges of information can be imperfect

  • Faulty transmitter

  • Faulty receiver

  • Sender has made a mistake

  • Receiver miscodes/misreads the information

  • “Noise” on the “channel”:


    • While Cho was killing 30 people in the other building, the police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • They decided to send an email out announcing that classes were cancelled for the day

    • However, they also knew that over 10,000 people would not receive the message and would be arriving on campus for classes

      • What does this tell us about communication?

      • Some receivers are absent

      • Limits of technology in communication and society


    Limits on communication
    Limits on Communication police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • May be (in truth) a discussion about limits of society

    • Is society based on communication (dependant on it in order to function properly?)

    • Can society exist without communication?

      • No/it could exist ?????

      • Do bees have society?

      • Complex systems do require communication to run smoothly. Where it gets rough/disorganized is often in the breakdown or lack of communication


    Can we jump to in security from this discussion
    Can we jump to In/Security from this discussion? police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • Yes? How?

    • If we look at the shooting incident can we see ways in which communication was linked to in/security?


    About the gunman
    About the Gunman police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • If we look at the gunman we are looking at the level of individual (inside his mind = psychology)

    • however society is also implicated in individual psychology

    • In the case of the gunman, what do we know about him?


    Who was he
    Who was He? police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • Immigrant from South Korea

    • Step father

    • Sister is smart and motivated

    • Run a dry-cleaning business

      • Own it

      • Probably in the (lower) middle class

        • Possibly why is this important?

          • Jealousy of the wealthy


    What do you know about him
    What do you know about him? police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • He is pretty withdrawn

      • Wasn’t willing to share information with people

      • His teachers had some information (clues) that he was disturbed

        • Talked about having the police get involved

        • Police said: “he hasn’t committed a crime so we can’t get involved”


    How is this example related to in security
    How is this example related to In/Security? police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • Issues of knowledge

    • Proof needed to react

      • Who is reacting?

        • Teachers

        • Police

        • Psychiatric evaluation

          • Decided he was not suicidal they had to release him

          • Based on laws/rules


    What is the purpose of rules
    What is the purpose of rules? police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • They take effect when something bad happens

    • They exist to stop bad things from happening (security)

    • Something bad happened in this case, and the rules didn’t help (in this case)

    • The rules are also there to protect the individuals

      • Act freely within limits


    How is this value related to in security
    How is this value related to In/Security? police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • Idea of freedom is a societal value

      • Shared across and in many societies around the world

      • How is it related to In/Security?

      • Sometimes freedom means more space/ability to move/act some of which may place us (group) in danger


    Paradox of liberty
    Paradox of Liberty police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    • What is a solution to this fact that having freedom can take away others people’s freedom?

    • No single solution but every society must make a decision about it

      options:

    • constrain (restricted solutions that diminish freedoms) -- short term

    • Work on social mechanisms which will avoid these behaviors -- long term


    Paradox of liberty1
    Paradox of Liberty police and the university president (and his staff) were deciding what to do

    options:

    • There are probably other options which we will discuss as we move on.

    • This idea of long and short term solutions and also restrictions (via social mechanisms) and freedoms are issues that we will discuss as we move forward.


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