The rise of mali
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The Rise of Mali. Section 3. Standard 7.4.3. Describe the role of trans-Saharan caravan trade in the changing religious and cultural characteristics of West Africa and the influence of Islamic beliefs, ethics, and law. Section Focus Question.

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The Rise of Mali

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The rise of mali

The Rise of Mali

Section 3


Standard 7 4 3

Standard 7.4.3

  • Describe the role of trans-Saharan caravan trade in the changing religious and cultural characteristics of West Africa and the influence of Islamic beliefs, ethics, and law.


Section focus question

Section Focus Question

  • How did Mali become a great empire that reflected the influence of Islam?


Background knowledge

Background Knowledge

  • Ghana never recovered from the Almoravid invasion. But a new empire grew up in the same region. This section, will cover the growth of the Mali Empire. As well as the growing influence of Islam in West Africa.


The rise of mali

Empire

of Ghana


The rise of mali1

The Rise of Mali

  • Ghana had ruled many small kingdoms. After the empire of Ghana fell, these kingdoms competed for power. The old caravan routes became dangerous, and trade suffered.


Sumanguru the sorcerer king

Sumanguru, the “Sorcerer King”

  • In about 1203, Sumanguru took over what was left of the old empire of Ghana

  • Legend says he was a cruel ruler and possessed a magical balafon

    • taxed his subjects

    • Stole gold

    • kidnapped wives and daughters

    • killed anyone who might challenge his power.

  • Killed 11 of the Malinke king’s 12 sons.

    • Sundiatawas crippled and left alive


Sundiata the hungering lion

Sundiata, the “HungeringLion”

  • In 1235, according to oral histories, Sundiata’s army crushed Sumanguru forces in a great battle.

  • Legend states that Sundiata vanquished the evil Sumanguru by shoting him with an arrow tipped with the spur of a white rooster


A new empire

A New Empire

  • Sundiata’s victory marked the beginning of the new empire of Mali.

    • conquered the gold-producing regions

      • controlled the gold-salt trade.

    • encouraged people to clear more land for farming.

  • Sundiata became Mali’s national hero.

  • Other rulers continued to expand the empire. By the 1300s, Mali was about the size of Western Europe.


Checkpoint

Checkpoint

  • How did Sundiata gain control of the gold-salt trade?


A great empire

A Great Empire

  • Mali had become a world power.

  • Traded with Egypt, North Africa, and the nations of southern Europe.

    • its wealth came from its control of the gold-salt trade.


A great empire1

A Great Empire

  • Mali adopted the religion of Islam.

  • Conversion to change religion

    • closer ties between Mali and North Africa that influenced the culture and customs of Mali.


Mansa musa s hajj

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj1

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj2

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj3

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj4

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj5

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj6

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj7

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj8

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj9

Mansa Musa’s Hajj


Mansa musa s hajj10

Mansa Musa’s Hajj

  • In 1324, Mansa Musa ,a deeply devout Muslim, made a hajj

  • He set off from Mali in a very splendid manner

    • The king and all his servants, clothed in fine silks, were accompanied by more than 80 camels carrying heavy bags of gold dust


Mansa musa s hajj11

Mansa Musa’s Hajj

  • He spent and gave away too much gold in Cairo

    • he ran out of gold

      • He had to borrow money to finish his hajj.

    • his spending upset the Egyptian economy

      • gold lost much of its value.

  • Inflation - a general rise in prices


Islamic culture in mali

Islamic Culture in Mali

  • Mansa Musa also spent his wealth to encourage Islamic learning.

  • Brought Egyptian scholars, artists, and teachers with him.

    • As-Saheli designed and built great mosques in Djenné, Gao, and Timbuktu

  • Timbuktu became a center for Islamic scholarship and attracted students and teachers from North Africa and the Middle East


Expansion and exploration

Expansion and Exploration

  • Mansa Musa ruled Mali for 25 years. During his long reign, he extended Mali’s territory north and westward to the Atlantic Ocean.

  • Mali’s rulers may have even tried to explore beyond Africa.

    • King Abubakar II, Mansa Musa older brother, was said to have built a fleet of ships to explore the Atlantic Ocean only one ship returned.

      • Then, he sent out an even greater fleet. The ships set out to sea and were never seen again.


Ibn battuta visits mali

Ibn Battuta Visits Mali

  • In 1352, a Moroccan diplomat representing the sultan, Ibn Battuta, spent several months in Mali ruled by Mansa Suleiman, Musa’s brother and successor

  • He was impressed by the way its people strictly followed Islam.


Checkpoint1

Checkpoint

  • Why did Mansa Musa travel to Mecca?


Looking back and ahead

Looking Back and Ahead

  • We have read about the rise of the Mali Empire. You also learned about the growing influence of Islam in West Africa. In the next chapter, you will learn more about the cultures of West Africa.


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