When Where Leaders Religion Trade Decline. What famous trading city flourished in Mali?. Mali. The Empire of Mali forms in 1235 Mali rises from the ruins of Ghana Why did Ghana fall?. When. Where. Mali lies along the upper Niger River Fertile soils = good farming
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What famous trading city flourished in Mali?
The Empire of Mali forms in 1235
Mali rises from the ruins of Ghana
Why did Ghana fall?
After Sundiata died Mansa Musa became the ruler
Mansa Musa increased Mali’s wealth, power, and fame
He captured trade cities Timbuktu, Gao and Djenne
Poor leadership after Mansa Musa weakened the empire
The empire was too large to defend
What other empire did we study that got too large to defend?
Raiders poured in, burned Timbuktu’s schools and mosques
In 1431, Tuareg nomads seized Timbuktu, the empire fell apart
"So Abubakar equipped 200 ships filled with men and the same number equipped with gold, water, and provisions, enough to last them for years…they departed and a long time passed before anyone came back. Then one ship returned and we asked the captain what news they brought.
He said, 'Yes, Oh Sultan, we traveled for a long time until there appeared in the open sea a river with a powerful current…the other ships went on ahead, but when they reached that place, they did not return and no more was seen of them…As for me, I went about at once and did not enter the river.'
The Sultan got ready 2,000 ships, 1,000 for himself and the men whom he took with him, and 1,000 for water and provisions. He left me to deputize for him and embarked on the Atlantic Ocean with his men. That was the last we saw of him and all those who were with him. And so, I became king in my own right."
a. Both empires took advantage of large fold mines within their empires to fund their armies.
b. Both empires lay along the upper Niger River, where fertile soil made food plentiful
c. Both empires were helped by outsiders.
d. Both empires were formed as democracies.
a. He became an important leader in the Islamic leadership.
b. His followers built a large mosque in his honor.
c. He became famous and introduced the world to the Mali Empire.
d. He became even wealthier through very shrewd trading deals.
b. considered to be gods by their followers.
d. from the empires north of the Sahara Desert.
a. The empire had grown so large that the government could not control it.
b. Weak leaders could not unite the empire.
c. Several catastrophic droughts destroyed croplands and created famine.
d. Invaders from the north could not be defeated.
a. allowing angry miners to keep their own religion
b. the building of great mosques throughout the Mali Empire
c. making a journey, or hajj, to Mecca
d. stressing the importance of reading and writing the Qur’an in Arabic