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Mali PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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gold earrings. Mali. Land of Gold & Griots. A griot of today. mudcloth. Prepared by. Carol Almarez Elementary Instructional Technology Alleghany County Public Schools 2005. Sundiata: The Lion King. Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel Susu

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gold earrings


Land of Gold & Griots

A griot of today


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Prepared by

Carol Almarez

Elementary Instructional Technology

Alleghany County Public Schools


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Sundiata: The Lion King

  • Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel Susu

  • In 1230, he conquered the Susu people

  • Under Sundiata, Mali prospered

  • Died in 1255

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Mansa Musa

  • Several kings ruled after Sundiata’s death

  • Mansa Musa was grandson of Sundiata’s half brother

  • He became the greatest king of Mali in 1312

  • Under Mansa Musa, Mali became a great trading center

MiniFact: Mansa means Emperor or King

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The Hajj

  • Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim

  • Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a ‘hajj’

  • Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach Mecca

  • He took a huge caravan with him in 1324

  • After that, everyone knew about

    the wealth of Mali

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A Muslim church is called a Mosque

This is the mosque at Djenne in Mali. It’s built of mud! Click for a movie

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What did Mali trade?

  • Gold

    The dotted

    lines are trade

    routes from

    Mali to other

    parts of


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Kola Nuts




What else did they trade?

Camels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravans bringing to Mali:

MiniFact: This was before Columbus even sailed to the New World!

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Why was Salt Important?

The man is holding a slab of salt mined recently near Timbuktu

  • Mali often traded its gold for salt

  • Salt was sometimes more valuable than gold!

  • People’s bodies need salt to live

    • In the desert heat, salt is lost through perspiration

  • Salt was used to preserve food

  • Salt was brought in large slabs (coins)

MiniFact: The picture behind these words is also a slab of SALT!

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  • A very important city in Mali

    • Center of learning for Muslims

    • Universities and schools

    • Largest trading center in Mali

    • On the Niger River

      • Trade

      • Food

      • Washing


19th century traders in Timbuktu

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The Griots

  • Storytellers were called Griots or djeli

  • They were important people in Mali

  • They told the land’s history

  • Most of what we know about ancient Mali came from the storytellers

  • They were advisors to the kings

This is a 19th century griot of Mali with his instrument

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Mali Today

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A Mali Scavenger Hunt

  • In a scavenger hunt, you go from place to place and gather clues

  • In this hunt, we will go from one place to another on the Internet and gather information!

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