Obesity in young children
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Obesity in Young Children. By: Rachel De La Cruz. CHILDHOOD OBESITY . Subtitles Defining overweight and obesity in children Obesity in Low Income preschool- age children Causes and Consequences of Obesity CDC state based programs to prevent obesity

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Obesity in Young Children

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Obesity in young children

Obesity in Young Children

By: Rachel De La Cruz


Childhood obesity

CHILDHOOD OBESITY

  • Subtitles

  • Defining overweight and obesity in children

  • Obesity in Low Income preschool- age children

  • Causes and Consequences of Obesity

  • CDC state based programs to prevent obesity

  • Preventing and Decreasing Overweight and Obesity


  • Obesity in children

    Obesity in Children

    • Childhood Obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 yrs.

    • 10% of children age 2-5 are obese.

    • Portion control is important in childcare.


    Obesity in young children

    Cont.

    • BMI ( Body mass Index) is the most widely used method to screen overweight and obesity in young childrenand adolescents (2-19)

    • Obesity is defined as having a BMI of or above the 95% at the same age and sex

    • Overweight is defined as having a BMI of or above the 85% and lower than 95%.

      Based on the 2000 CDC growth chart for the United States.


    Causes and consequences

    Causes and Consequences


    Causes

    Causes

    • Genes, metabolism, behavior, culture, environment,

    • There are a number of factors that can play a role in a child's obesity.

    • Energy Imbalance which includes eating to many calories and not enough physical activity


    Consequences

    Consequences

    • Asthma

    • Hepatic Steatosis

    • Type 2 diabetes

    • Sleep opnea

    • Psychological Risk

    • Cardiovascular Disease Risk


    Obesity in young children

    -Asthma is a disease that causes the airways to become narrow or blocked which can cause breathing difficulty.

    -Hepatic Steatosis is the degeneration of the liver caused by high liver concentration

    -Type 2 Diabetes is becoming more common in young children. Diabetes in young children can result in kidney failure and CVD complication.

    -Sleep Opneais a sleep breathing disorder which includes loud snoring and labored breathing. During Sleep Opnea the oxygen levels drop.

    -Psychological Risk include social discrimination, stress, low self esteem, and social stigmatization which can carry over into adulthood.

    -Cardiovascular Disease Risk includes high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and abnormal glucose levels.

    -70% of obese children had one form of CVD while 39% had tow or more risk factors.


    Cdc state based programs

    CDC state based programs

    • Center for Disease Control also known as the CDC was created in 1999.

    • The division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity (DNPAO) funds 25 states.

    • The CDC is a program focusing on creating environment changes and creating policies that will improve health.


    Promoting good health

    Promoting Good Health

    • Early care and education programs make a significant contribution to children’s well-being through their provision of health services, educational programs, safe and healthy learning environments, and good nutrition.

      Page(s): 52, Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child by Lynn R. Marotz, CengageLearning


    Health observations

    Health Observations

    • Observations as a health tool is an important factor.

      • -peer relationships

      • -odors

      • -breathing problems

      • -listening to conversation


    Food pyramid

    FOOD PYRAMID


    Preventing and decreasing overweight and obesity

    Preventing and Decreasing Overweight and Obesity

    • Home:

      -reduce television time

      -physical activity on a regular bases

      Schools:

      -school breakfast and lunch meet nutrition standards

      -provide options of low in fat, calories, and added sugar

      -provide quality daily activity for all children prekindergarten-grade 12


    Obesity in young children

    Cont.

    • Community:

      • -provide healthier choices. This includes at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day; portioned

      • Encourage food industries to provide reasonable food and drink portions

      • Increase availability of low calorie, nutritious food items

      • Physical activity in the community


    Resources

    Resources

    • Lynn R. Marotz.2008.Health Safety and Nutrition for Young Children, Seventh edition(7th ed.) Thomson Delmar Learning

    • Center of Disease Control and Prevention(2010).January 27th,2011.Division of Nutrition ,Physical Activity and Obesity. http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood


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