Causes of ww1
1 / 31

Causes of WW1 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Causes of WW1. Day 3. 1. Lets take up your homework. 10.Belguim 11.Great Britain 12. France 13. Portugal 14. Spain 15. Norway 16. Sweden 17. Russia 18. Albania/ Montenegro. 1.Germany 2.Austria-Hungary 3.Serbia 4.Bulgaria 5.Romania 6. Tur key 7.Greece 8.Italy 9.Netherlands.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Causes of WW1

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Causes of WW1

Day 3

1. Lets take up your homework


11.Great Britain

12. France

13. Portugal

14. Spain

15. Norway

16. Sweden

17. Russia

18. Albania/ Montenegro










Triple Alliance

Triple Entente: ( in blue sorry, yours is green!

Timeline: Who declared war because of ALLIANCE and when did they do it?

28 July 1914- Austria declared war on Serbia

  • The Austrian government blamed the Serbian government for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand and his wife and declared war on Serbia.

  • Although Russia was allied with Serbia, Germany did not believe that she would mobilise and offered to support Austria if necessary.

  • However, Russia did mobilise and, through their alliance with France, called on the French to mobilise

1 Aug 1914

Germany Declares War on Russia

3 Aug 1914 Germany declared war on France

  • Germany declared war on France. German troops poured into Belgium as directed under the Schleiffen Plan, drawn up in 1905.

The Schlieffen Plan

  • The Schlieffen Plan was the German plan for war against Russia and France (who were allies) at the same time.

  • Russia had a very large

    army,butit would take at

    least 2 months to be fully

    mobilized and ready to

    attack Germany.

  • The Schlieffen Plan therefore called for the bulk of the German army to launch a surprise invasion of France through Belgium.

  • This would outflank the French army,and allow the Germans to get behind Paris and capture the city,thus knocking France out of the war

  • The timetable for successful completion of the plan was 6 weeks,thus leaving enough time for the Germans to use their excellent railway system to move most of their army east to fight the Russians.

  • Shorn of their ally France,Russia would would soon agree to peace,

    leaving Germany the victors in

    the war

The Schlieffen Plan

  • Germans thought Britain would not intervene…But they did

The British foreign secretary, Sir Edward Grey, sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding their withdrawal from the neutral Belgium (with whom the Brits were allied).

4 Aug 1914 British declaration of war

  • Germany did not withdraw from Belgium and Britain declared war on Germany.

    ** By extension, Britain's empire is at war too: Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, South Africa.

23 Aug 1914 Japan declared war on Germany

  • Japan declared war on Germany through her alliance with Great Britain, signed in 1902

25 Aug 1914

  • Austria Hungary declares war on Japan because it declared war on Germany.

NOTE: Italy

  • Even though ITALY had been part of the Triple Alliance, it does not get pulled into war with Germany and Austria because of this.

  • It cites a clause, which said they only need assist these countries in the event of a DEFENSIVE war.

We will discuss other joinee’s later.

Causes 3 & 4: Imperialism and Militarism

  • Are intertwined.

  • Both serve to heighten tensions and create enemies, alliances .etc

  • Let me explain…

Cause 3: Imperialism. Discuss

  • Definition: When one country takes over another country to build an empire.

  • Land equals power. Which countries are the most powerful at the turn of the 20th c?

  • Why would a country want to take over another country?


  • All the great powers were in COMPETITON for colonies / territory.

  • Germany wants to build an empires, and therefore is in competition with the powers of Britain and France.

  • This causes tension between these 3 powers and gives them more reasons than just alliance to want to fight with one another…

  • Sidenote: as we already know, the Austrians feared Serbia / Russia in the Balkans

Due to the fear and tension regarding territories and Imperialism, anARMS RACEbreaks out

Cause 3: Militarism (arms race)Discuss:

  • Definition: Making your military bigger and better than other countries.

  • Why would you want your military bigger than other countries?

  • What problems can arise when compete against other countries military strength?

Cause 4: Militarism

  • During the 1800’s the Industrial Revolution was happening in Europe.

  • With the invention of factories, weapons were less expensive to produce allowing countries to improve and buy them in mass quantities.

So: Imperialist Competition…

  • Pushes competing countries to arms themselves as best as possible; they need strong armies and navies to get and protect colonies. The industrial rev. makes this possible.

  • Germany increases the size of her army and navy, prompting France, Britain and Russia to do the same, as they felt threatened.

German Militarism: Important Man

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II

  • Built up German army and navy

  • Aggressive foreign policy

  • Determined to make Germany a top nation.

  • Distrusted by other powers

“Germany must have its place in the sun”

“The world belongs to the strong.”

Militarism creates tension: Examples

  • Germany was competing with the UK to build battleships.

Militarism creates tension: Examples

  • Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies


  • Germany1.3m5.0m

  • France0.73m4.0m

  • Russia0.40m1.2m

Militarism – Per Capita Expenditures on Armaments

And, there you have it. MANIA!!

  • Login