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Directions: Watch the video and fill in the blanks. An English Song. Warm-up Questions. Topic-related Prediction. Read and Think. Background Information. Dance with My Father. An English Song. ■. Back when I was a child Before life removed all the innocence

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Background information

Directions: Watch the video and fill in the blanks.

An English Song

Warm-up Questions

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

Background Information


Background information

Dance with My Father

An English Song

Back when I was a child

Before life removed all the innocence

My father would me high

And dance with my mother and me and then

Spin me around till I fell asleep

Then up the he would carry me

And I knew for sure I was loved

If I could get another chance

Another

Another dance with him

I’d play a song that would never, ever end

How I love, love, love

To with my father again

When I and my mother would disagree

To get my way I would run from her to him

He’d make me laugh just to me

Warm-up Questions

___

lift

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

______

stairs

Background Information

____

walk

______

dance

______

comfort


Background information

Then finally make me do just what my mama said

Later that night when I was asleep

He left a dollar under my

Never dreamed that he would be gone from me

If I could steal one final glance

One final

One final dance with him

I’d play a song that would never, ever end

’Cause I love, love, love

To dance with my father again

Sometimes I’d listen her door

And I’d hear how my mother cried for him

I for her even more than me

I for her even more than me

I know I’m praying for much too much

But could you send back the only man she loved

I know you don’t do it usually

But dear Lord she’s

To dance with my father again

Every night I fall asleep this is all I ever dream

______

sheet

An English Song

Warm-up Questions

____

step

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

Background Information

______

outside

____

pray

_____

pray

______

dying


Background information

Do you think that your parents are the most important people in your life? Why or why not?

1.

An English Song

Warm-up Questions

2.

What is the ideal relationship between parents and their children in your view?

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

3.

Some parents believe that they raise children so that their children will look after them when they are old. Do you accept this view?

Background Information

Some parents are often willing to sacrifice a lot for their children. Do you think it is good for them to do so? Please elaborate your position with examples.

4.


Background information

A. Discussion

Directions: Work in groups. List as many words or expressions as possible related to “Family Relationship”.

An English Song

Warm-up Questions

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

B. Group Presentation

Background Information

Directions: Each group is required to choose ten words or expressions that are closest to the topic — “Family Relationship”, and invent a story with them.


Background information

1. Read the following, find the key words, and write a summary sentence for each statement.

An English Song

  • Tips to Improve Father-Child Relationship

    • 1 You could play ball, color pictures, build toy houses from blocks, or do whatever they like.

    • 2 Allow them to help you carry in the groceries, make dinner, or mow the yard. Children often get great joy from doing things that adults consider work.

    • 3 Spend time with your children out picnicking and enjoy playing Frisbee (飞盘), passing a ball, or pushing them in the swings. Your children will cherish this special time together as a family.

    • 4 Show them that you are truly interested in their education and life by asking them what they did in school and looking at their books, projects, and assignments with them.

    • 5 Don’t just turn on the news and forget your children when they are in the car with you. Talk or joke with them, or sing songs together.

    • 6 Usually, mothers bathe the children, but bath time is an excellent opportunity for fathers to be with their kids. Let them splash around and play a little more than mom does.

Warm-up Questions

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

Background Information


Background information

2. Check your sentences and match the summary sentences below with the tips you have read. One of the sentences given is surplus (多余的).

An English Song

a) Use driving time with your children.

b) Take the family out for a picnic.

c) Give your small children a bath sometimes.

d) Have at least two meals a week as a family.

e) Play with your children sometimes.

f) Help your children with their homework.

g) Let your children help you with simple tasks.

Warm-up Questions

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

Background Information

1-e; 2-g; 3-b; 4-f; 5-a; 6-c


Background information

Senior Prom

1. Definition: A prom is a formal dance at a school or college,

usually held at the end of the academic year. A

senior prom usually refers to a formal dance party

held at the end of the final year of high school.

An English Song

Warm-up Questions

Topic-related Prediction

Read and Think

Background Information


Background information

2. Preparation for a Senior Prom

Directions: Listen to the following paragraphs and fill in the

blanks given below.

An English Song

Warm-up Questions

_____________

1) Planning for the prom begins . Shadi Sakr, 23, was on his high school prom committee, but later decided to leave, and did not attend the prom either. “

people were getting their licenses, deciding on

they wanted to wear, reserving their six months

in advance for the ,” he says.

well in advance

Topic-related Prediction

_____________,

The whole year

___________

what clothes

Read and Think

___________

appointments

Background Information

________

hair salon

______

2)Proms are not . Depending on parents’ and individual teens’ , hundreds of thousands of dollars are spent on the prom.

cheap

____________________

financial circumstances


Background information

3) This is usually for the following items: for girls, ; for boys, renting tuxedos (男士无尾半正式晚礼服); the actual

; renting a hotel room; renting a limousine (豪华轿车) or some other car; beauty salon for girls to get their done and the after-prom party.

____________

fancy dresses

An English Song

________

banquet

_________

expensive

Warm-up Questions

_______

make up

Topic-related Prediction

_________

4) In some places, there is almost an entire day pre-prom preparation, with ato commemorate the event.

devoted to

_____

party

Read and Think

Background Information


Background information

Part Division

Further Understanding

The writer recalls the days when she and her mother would meet and chat about life under a pine tree in the park nearby.

After the writer’s mother died, the writer still brought her sons to the same spot which brought back fond memories of her mother. Such visits and gatherings under the tree had created a close bond between her and her sons.


Background information

Questions and Answers

1.What did the family often do under the pine tree when the writer’s mother was alive?

Part Division

The family used to have picnics and gatherings quite often under the pine tree in the park.

Further Understanding

2.What did the writer and her mother usually talk about under the tree?

They usually talked about what was happening in their respective lives.

3.Why did Mother look unusually solemn one day and ask her daughter strange questions?

Mother acted unusually that day because her heart disease was deteriorating and she was dying.


Background information

True or False

1.

The writer’s sons come to the pine tree often after their grandmother died because their grandmother used to take them there.

Part Division

( )

False

Further Understanding

2.

The writer always brings her sons to the pine tree and talk to them about family picnics, gatherings and their grandmother.

( )

True

3.

Her son rarely hugs her, and when he does, it is like a special treat — something that gives her great pleasure and delight.

( )

True

4.

The park with the pine tree is a meaningful place for the writer.

( )

True

5.

The writer visits the pine tree after her mother’s death occasionally only because she misses her mother.

( )

False


Background information

Role Play

Based on Part 2, make a dialogue between Mother and Son.

Part Division

Further Understanding


Background information

Detailed Reading

When people die, they cease to exist in this world physically. But for the author of this essay, a pine tree in a nearby park brings back fond memories of her dead mother and she knows clearly that love and memory will never “die.” Now, she brings her sons to the same place.


Background information

A Time for Memories

Sharon Wright

Detailed Reading

One warm and pleasant summer afternoon, I sat on an old blanket under a pine tree chatting with my mother. For years, we had been coming to this park for family picnics and gatherings, and my mother and I often sat in this same spot.

In recent years, we usually just talked about life, but sometimes we recalled events from my childhood. Like the time I was thirteen and had my first date, when Mother brought me to this spot under the tree and told me about the facts of life. Or

the time a few years later, when my hair turned out pink for my senior prom and she’d held me while I cried. But the most special event that occurred next to this tree was when I told Mother I was getting married.


Background information

Tears filled her eyes and this time I held herwhile she cried. She told me she was sad to lose her little girl but happy to see that I had turned into a beautiful young woman.

Detailed Reading

Over the years, we’d watched the pine trees in this park grow tall and straight until their needles seemed to touch the clouds. Each year of their growth seemed to match our increasingly close relationship and the deepening love we had for each other.

On this particular sunny afternoon, Mother and I sat quietly breathing in the scent of freshly mown grass. She was unusually solemn and took me by surprise when she asked me, “Who will you bring here after I’m gone?”

I gave her one of my arched-eyebrow inquiries, then smiled. After a few moments, when she didn’t return my smile, I began to wonder what made her ask such a disturbing question. Mother picked up a blade of grass and began to shred it with her fingernail. I’d become well acquainted with my mother’s habits, and this particular one indicated she had something serious on her mind.


Background information

For several minutes, we sat in silence gathering our thoughts. A couple of blue birds squawked nearby and an airplane flew overhead, but they didn’t ease the awkward moment between us. Finally, I reached over and took my mother’s hand in mine. “There’s nothing you can’t tell me, Mother,” I said. “We will handle this together, like we always have.”

Detailed Reading

She looked into my face, and her eyes filled with tears that spilt down her cheeks — cheeks that were alarmingly pale. Even before she said it, I knew what was coming. Mother was dying.

I held her tightly while she told me that her heart condition was worsening and couldn’t be repaired. I think I had known for quite a while but had not been willing to admit it to myself. She’d had several heart attacks and, a few years ago, even open-heart surgery.


Background information

What I didn’t know, and what she had kept from me,

was that her condition wasn’t improving. We talked about her options, which were few; we cried, held each other and wished for more time together.

Detailed Reading

That was many years ago now. Mother died soon after that day, before my sons had a chance to know her. I still come to the park, but now I bring my boys. I still sit under that same sturdy pine tree on an old blanket and talk to my sons of family picnics, gatherings and the grandmother they never knew. Just as my mother did with me, I tell my children about their youthful funny

behaviors and praise them for their accomplishments as young adults. We come to this special place to create our own memories — memories that I know would make my mother smile with pride.


Background information

Not long ago my oldest son wanted to come to the park and talk, so we came and sat under our tree. He hemmed and hawed for a few minutes, then he finally told me he was getting married. I cried tears of joy as my son hugged me — his hug a rare and special treat. I told him how proud I was of the man he had become.

As I sat there that cool April afternoon soaking up the sun and the smell of freshly mown grass, I felt I had come full circle under this giant pine tree.Holding my son in my arms, I was happy for him, just the way I knew my mother had been happy for me all those years ago when I told her I was getting married.

Detailed Reading

Looking over my son’s shoulder, I saw that several young pine trees had been planted recently. As these trees grow straight and tall, I thought, will the lives of my family continue to grow with them? I wanted to share this spot with my grandchildren, too.


Background information

The branches above were swaying in the breeze and in them I heard a whispering voice: Who will you bring here when I’m gone? It was my mother’s voice, and I tightened my arms around my son.

Detailed Reading


Background information

Or the time a few years later, when my hair turned out pink for my senior prom and she’d held me while I cried.

Detailed Reading

1. Paraphrase the sentence.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

A few years later, when I dyed my hair for a formal dance party at high school, it ended up being pink rather than the color I had expected, I felt very sad and cried in my mother’s arms.

又如几年以后,我的发型在高中毕业舞会显得不太合时宜,母亲让我在她怀中哭泣。


Background information

Tears filled her eyes and this time I held her while she cried.

Detailed Reading

  • Pay attention to the usage of the word “fill”.

  • More examples:

… and her eyes filled with tears that spilt down her cheeks … (Para. 7)

Laughter filled the room. 房间里充满了欢笑。

The thought fills me with pleasure. 这个想法使我很高兴。

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

当时她热泪盈眶。这次是她在我的怀里哭了。


Background information

Over the years, we’d watched the pine trees in this park grow tall and straight until their needles seemed to touch the clouds.

Detailed Reading

1. What’s the symbolic meaning of the growth of the pine trees?

It symbolizes the increasingly close relationship between mother and daughter.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

年复一年,我们看着公园里的松树长得巍峨挺拔,直至高耸入云。


Background information

She was unusually solemn and took me by surprise when she asked me, “Who will you bring here after I’m gone?”

Detailed Reading

What can we infer from the sentence?

There was probably something serious to happen, because mother used to be kind, not at all the way she behaved that day.


Background information

I gave her one of my arched-eyebrow inquiries, then smiled.

Detailed Reading

1. What does “arched-eyebrow” mean in the sentence?

When one makes a facial expression by making one’s eyebrows arched, one is usually disapproving or doubtful.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

我皱起了眉头,狐疑地看了她一眼,然后微微笑了。


Background information

What I didn’t know, and what she had kept from me, was that her condition wasn’t improving.

Detailed Reading

1. Analyze the sentence structure.

“What I didn’t know” and “what she had kept from me” are two

paralleled clauses used as subject.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

但有一点我一无所知,而且她也一直瞒着我,那就是她的情况毫无好转。


Background information

I felt I had come full circle under this giant pine tree.

Detailed Reading

1. What’s the meaning of the sentence?

Under the special big pine tree, what I did with my sons was just what my mother did with me. Life had repeated itself like a circle here.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

我坐在那里,觉得自己回到了原地,就在这棵巨大的松树下。


Background information

Holding my son in my arms, I was happy for him, just the way I knew my mother had been happy for me all those years ago when I told her I was getting married.

Detailed Reading

What’s the grammatical function of “Holding my son in my arms”?

“Holding my son in my arms” is a present participle phrase used as adverbial.

More examples:

Looking over my son’s shoulder, I saw that … (Para. 12)

Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy.

Lying under the apple trees, Newton was thinking and thinking.


Background information

CF: cease, pause & stop

cease

pause

stop

cease: v.

stop something

Detailed Reading

Workplace nurseries will cease to be liable for tax.

公司已经决定明年停止一切在英国的运作。

The company has decided to cease all UK operations after this year.

这些词均含有“中止,停止”之意。

正式用词,侧重逐渐结束某活动或状态,含永远结束的意味。

指短暂的中断或停止,含再进行下去的意味。

普通用词,指迅速或突然中止某行为、活动或状态。


Background information

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

Detailed Reading

_____

1. Whether the protests will remains to be seen.

2. I to pick up a letter that I’d dropped.

3. He and thought for a moment.

4. Apparently she drinking.

5. The dying man soon to breathe.

6. Why don’t you just somewhere and ask for directions?

7. She to get her breath back and then carried on jogging.

cease

________

stopped

_______

paused

__________

has stopped

_______

ceased

_____

stop

_______

paused


Background information

physically: adv.

with regard to body

Detailed Reading

Special holidays are available for physically handicapped/disabled people.

他看上去身体很健康。

He looks physically fit.

NB:physically的反义词是mentally,意为“精神上,智力上,在内心”。

The protestors had to be physically removed from the room.

It’s going to be a tough competition but I’m mentally prepared for it.


Background information

spot: n.

Detailed Reading

1. a particular place

This looks like a nice spot for a picnic.

This is the spot where the accident happened.

2. a point of interest

Spain is our favorite holiday spot.

这座古城有许多可供参观的名胜。

There are a lot of spots to visit in the old city.

Collocation:

in spots 有时;到处;偶尔

on the spot 现场,当场


Background information

CF: memorize, remember & recall

memorize

remember

recall

recall: v.

remember, call back sth.

Detailed Reading

I can’t recall his face/seeing him/that he came/where he lives/how to do it.

听到有人叫我名字,我才清醒过来。

The sound of my name recalled me to myself.

这些动词均有“记忆,记住,回忆”之意。

指有意识地下功夫把某事的整个细节都记在脑子里。

含义较广,多指无意识地回忆起往事,也可指通过主观努力去记忆。

比remember文雅,指想方设法回忆已经遗忘之事。


Background information

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

Detailed Reading

_______

recalled

1. He that he had sent the letter over a month before.

2. When I was at school, we were required to a poem every week.

3. me to your family.

4. I don’t signing a contract.

5. She seeing him outside the shop on the night of the robbery.

_________

memorize

___________

Remember

_________

remember

________

recalled


Background information

prom: n.

a formal party given for students by a high school or college class

Detailed Reading

Who are you taking to the Senior Prom?

她穿长裙去参加聚会。

She wore a long dress to the prom.


Background information

CF: happen, occur & take place

happen

occur

take place

occur: vi.

(esp. of unplanned events) happen, take place

Detailed Reading

Almost half of all fatal accidents occur while landing.

We hope this won’t occur again.

这些词语都可表示“发生”之意。

是普通用词,泛指一切客观事物或情况的发生,强调动作的偶然性。

是较正式用词,可指意外事件的发生,也可指意料中事件的发生。

多指通过人为安排事件的发生。


Background information

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

Detailed Reading

_________

1. They to look in the right place almost immediately.

2. If any of these symptoms while you are taking the medicine, consult your doctor immediately.

3. Fortunately it that there was no one in the house at the time of the explosion.

4. The concert next Thursday.

5. Where did the earthquake ?

happened

_____

occur

_________

happened

___________

takes place

______

occur


Background information

scent: n.

a pleasant natural smell

Detailed Reading

When you are choosing which flower to plant, appearance and scent should both be considered.

玫瑰的芳香

the sweet scent of roses


Background information

mow: vt.

cut (grass, corn, etc.)

Detailed Reading

I love the smell of new-mown hay.

我们割地里的牧草给牛提供饲料。

We mowed the field so as to provide the cattle with fodder.

Pattern:

mow down 铲除;战胜

Collocation:

mowing machine 割草机,收割机


Background information

solemn: adj.

serious and without any amusement

Detailed Reading

The service of burial is done with solemn and mournful music.

就职典礼是一件严肃的事情。

The inauguration was a solemn event.

Collocation:

a solemn face/voice 阴沉的面孔/声音

solemn music庄严的音乐


Background information

inquiry/enquiry: n.

request for help or information (about sb./sth.)

Detailed Reading

It isn’t polite to make many inquiries into other people’s affairs.

他们有没有问起我的情况?

Have they made any inquiries after me?


Background information

CF: bother, disturb & trouble

bother

disturb

trouble

disturb: vt.

Detailed Reading

interrupt what someone is doing

I’m sorry to disturb you so late, but my car’s broken down and I was wondering if I could use your phone.

Please don’t disturb Georgina—she’s trying to do her homework.

这些词均有“使人不安或烦恼”之意。

指烦恼引起的紧张不安或感到不耐烦。

较正式,多用被动态。指扰乱,使人不能平静或妨碍别人工作、思维或正常秩序,烦恼程度较深。

指给人在行动上带来不便或在身心上造成痛苦。


Background information

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

Detailed Reading

________________

1. He by a knee injury for most of the

season.

2. Don’t making the bed — I’ll do it later.

3. Heavy truck traffic the neighborhood.

4. You won’t get any credit for doing it, so why ?

5. He hung the “Don’t ” sign around the door handle

on the outside.

has been troubled

_______

bother

_________

disturbed

_______

bother

_______

Disturb


Background information

shred: vt.

Detailed Reading

cut or tear sth. roughly into thin strips

Shred the lettuce (莴苣) and arrange it around the edge of the dish.

他的工作之一是检查并撕毁成百捆的文件。

One of his jobs was to check and shred hundreds of bundles of papers.

Collocation:

shredded cabbage切碎的白菜


Background information

become/be acquainted with:

know or be familiar with sb./sth.

Detailed Reading

I am not personally acquainted with the gentleman in question.

I am already acquainted with the facts.


Background information

indicate: vt.

Detailed Reading

1. show a need for; suggest

The change in his illness indicates the use of stronger drugs.

症状表明急需外科手术。

The symptoms indicate immediate surgery.

2. show the way to or the direction of; point out

Please indicate which free gift you would like to receive.

她示意我什么也别说。

She indicated to me that she didn’t want me to say anything.


Background information

awkward: adj.

Detailed Reading

1. difficult to use, do, or deal with

It’s an awkward corner to drive round, so take it slowly.

He’s an awkward customer (= a difficult person to deal with).

Some of the questions were rather awkward.

2. not smooth or graceful; ungainly

An awkward girl is no help in the kitchen.

一个笨手笨脚的女孩在厨房里帮不了什么忙。

He is still awkward with his chopsticks.

他使用筷子还不熟练。


Background information

CF: awkward & clumsy

awkward

clumsy

Detailed Reading

这两个形容词都含有“笨拙的”之意。

侧重缺乏优雅、机敏和技巧。用于物时,指使用不便。

指人时,侧重行动笨拙;指物时,侧重制作粗陋或体积、重量过大而呈现笨重。

More Examples:

The clumsy dog knocked the cup over.

那只笨拙的狗把杯子打翻了。

My attempts to apologize were very clumsy.

我的道歉显得很笨拙。


Background information

be willing to (do sth.):

be happy to do sth. if it is needed

Detailed Reading

If you’re willing to fly at night, you can get a much cheaper ticket.

显然,约翰愿意让我们使用花园。

Apparently John is willing for us to use his garden.


Background information

surgery: n.

the performing of such an operation, usu. including the cutting open of the skin

Detailed Reading

The condition is serious; it will need surgery.

The patient had/underwent surgery on his heart.


Background information

CF: option, choice & alternative

option

choice

alternative

option: n.

the freedom to make a choice

Detailed Reading

The best option would be to cancel the trip altogether.

机会总是留给有准备的人。

There are various options open to someone who is willing to work hard.

这些名词均含有“选择”之意。

着重特别给予的选择权利或权力,所选物常常相互排斥。

侧重指自由选择的权利或特权。

指在相互排斥的两者之间作严格的选择,也可指在两者以上中进行选择。


Background information

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above.

Detailed Reading

  • Now you know all the facts, you can make an informed

  • 2. There must be a(n) to people sleeping on the streets.

  • 3. They didn’t leave him much — either he paid or they’d beat him up.

  • 4. I’d prefer not to work but I don’t have much

  • 5. I’m afraid I have no but to ask you to leave.

_______.

choice

_________

alternative

_______

option

_______.

choice

_________

alternative


Background information

sturdy: adj.

1. strong and firm, esp. in body

Detailed Reading

It’s made of sturdy stainless steel.

He is short and sturdy.

2. determined in action

He is a sturdy fighter for national independence.

他们坚决反对那项计划。

They kept up a sturdy opposition to the plan.

Collocation:

a sturdy table 结实的桌子

sturdy legs健壮的腿

a sturdy friend忠贞不渝的朋友


Background information

youthful: adj.

having the qualities that are typical of young people

Detailed Reading

At the time I admired his youthful enthusiasm.

一位年轻的总统对国家的士气很有好处。

A youthful president can be good for a country’s morale.

Collocation:

sb.’s youthful days某人的青年时期

youthful impatience年轻人的急躁

a youthful dancer舞蹈新手

a very gay and youthful spirit非常愉快且朝气蓬勃的精神


Background information

behavior: n.

the way in which one acts or conducts oneself, esp. towards others

Detailed Reading

He was notorious for his violent and threatening behavior.

她的行为总是令人震惊。

Her behavior is often appalling.

Pattern:

be of good behavior

be on (one’s) good (best) behavior

put sb. on his best behavior


Background information

accomplishment: n.

Detailed Reading

1. sth. that is successful, or that is achieved after a lot of work or effort

Getting the two leaders to sign a peace treaty was his greatest accomplishment.

She is known for her accomplishment in improving the country’s hospitals.

2. the completion of sth.

We celebrated the successful accomplishment of our task.

他们为了完成计划花了4星期时间。

The accomplishment of their plan took four weeks.


Background information

NB:accomplishment的动词原形是 accomplish。-ment是后缀,意为“行动;过程”,有时也指“行动或过程的结果”。例如:

Detailed Reading

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words listed above, change the forms where necessary.

____________

  • To my greatest , she even started calling me names in public.

  • We are very proud of the that we have made over the past few years.

  • I my English writing effectively since I took the English composition course.

astonishment

_______________

accomplishments

_____________

have improved

_______


Background information

  • If you want to see the director, you need to make a/an

  • first.

  • 5. The news that Xiao Ming was accepted by Peking University caused great in this small mountainous village.

  • 6. The on TV have a greater influence on young people than those in newspapers.

  • 7. There have been significant technological in this country in the last two decades.

  • 8. Don’t with me. We can always sit down and talk if you do not agree with me.

  • 9. The Browns really their tour in Europe. They kept telling their neighbors about their wonderful experiences there.

  • 10. We need a lot of from each other in order to complete such a huge project.

___________

appointment

Detailed Reading

__________

excitement

______________

advertisements

____________

developments

_______

argue

________

enjoyed

______________

encouragement


Background information

CF: create, invent & make

create

invent

make

create: vt.

bring (something) into existence

Detailed Reading

The Bible says that God created the world.

会见新客户时给对方留下好印象是很重要的。

It’s important to create a good impression when you meet a new client.

这些动词均有“创造”,“制作”之意。

侧重创造出来的东西以前并不存在,或者指独具特色的创作。

主要用于科技领域,指通过思考、研究或实验制造出前所未有、极为有用的东西。也可用于表示 “捏造;虚构”。

最普通,指任何创作或制造。


Background information

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

Detailed Reading

_______

make

  • Her new trainer has promised to an Olympic athlete of her.

  • The first safety razor by the company founder King C. Gillette in 1903.

  • He a wonderful meal from very few ingredients.

  • But I didn’t the story — everything I told you is true.

  • The pot to withstand high temperatures.

____________

was invented

_______

created

_______

invent

_________

is made


Background information

soak: v.

1. (of liquid) enter (a solid) through the material of a surface

Detailed Reading

You’d better wipe up that red wine you’ve spilt before it soaks into the carpet.

2. remain in the liquid, esp. to become soft or completely wet

Soak the fruit in brandy for a few hours before you add it to the mixture.

那阵大雨把我淋得全身衣服都湿透了。

That shower has completely soaked my clothes.

The rain soaks the earth.


Background information

share:

1. v. have or use sth. at the same time as someone else

Detailed Reading

Let’s share the sweets (out) among/between everyone.

他将同你分担那项工作。

He will share with you in the undertaking.

2. n. the part belonging or owed to or done by, a person

He had a large share in bringing it about, but no share of the credit.

你该分担的费用是5英镑。

Your share of expenses is five pounds.

Pattern:

与某人共享某物

与某人同甘共苦

至于某人,就某人而言

分享,分担,合伙经营

share sth. with sb.

share sb.’s trouble as well as sb.’s joys

for sb.’s share

go shares


Background information

tighten: v.

make or become tighter, firmer or less easy to move

Detailed Reading

As he struggled, the ropes tightened even more.

Tighten the straps so they don’t rub.


Background information

1. 温暖宜人

warm and pleasant

Useful Expressions

2. 与……聊天

chat with …

Spot Dictation

3. 家庭野餐和聚会

family picnic and gathering

Word Completion

4. 回忆童年往事

recall events from childhood

Optional Classroom Activities

5. 第一次约会

one’s first date

6. 给……讲解生理知识

tell sb. about the facts of life

Picture Talking

7. 高中毕业舞会

senior prom

Discussion and Writing

8. 出落得成熟漂亮

turn into a beautiful young woman

Proverbs and Quotations

9. 巍峨挺拔

tall and straight

10. 日益密切的关系

increasingly close relationship

11. 出乎意料

by surprise


Background information

a disturbing question

12. 一个令人不安的问题

Useful Expressions

become well acquainted with …

13. 非常了解……

Spot Dictation

gather one’s thoughts

14. 整理思绪

Word Completion

have a heart attack

15. 患心脏病

Optional Classroom Activities

open-heart surgery

16. 开心手术

have a chance to do sth.

17. 有……的机会

Picture Talking

youthful funny behaviors

18. 年少时的滑稽举动

Discussion and Writing

create … memories

19. 编织……的回忆

Proverbs and Quotations

smile with pride

20. 自豪地微笑

a rare and special treat

21. 难得又特别的待遇

share sth. with sb.

22.与……分享

sway in the breeze

23. 在微风中摇曳


Background information

Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks.

Useful Expressions

A recent educational experiment showed that the difference between “gifted” children and ones may have much to do with expectations as with intelligence. An school teacher was deceived into thinking that her students were above

in intelligence. She then managed to get them to do outstanding work, even though their true IQ were well within the normal . It seems that her belief in her students’ intelligence was enough to turn them into better learners.

Spot Dictation

_______

regular

___________

elementary

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

_______

average

______

range

Picture Talking

It’s difficult to pinpoint (确认) exactly how beliefs are expressed. It may happen when a teacher talks to the class in this way: many , supportive expressions and few expressions of , annoyance, or irritation. Non-verbal communication, including expressions, probably plays a role, too. But one thing is clear: labels and expressions strongly the results.

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations

________

positive

___________

impatience

_____

facial

________

influence


Background information

Directions: Supply the missing letters according to the definitions on the right.

Useful Expressions

__________

Spot Dictation

ncreasingly

1. i more and more all the time

2. u very; more than is usual; in an unusual way

3. d make (someone) anxiously dissatisfied; worry

4. a provide with (information); make known to

5. o above one’s head

6. a state or agree to the truth of (usu. sth. bad)

7. y (having the qualities) typical of youth

8. t (cause to) become tight or tighter

_______

nusually

Word Completion

______

isturb

Optional Classroom Activities

______

cquaint

_______

verhead

Picture Talking

____

dmit

Discussion and Writing

______

outhful

Proverbs and Quotations

______

ighten


Background information

Directions: In China, most families have only one child. Do you think this will cause any problems regarding the relationship between parents and children? Give examples to support your position.

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Directions: In China, most families have only one child. Do you think this will cause any problems regarding the relationship between parents and children? Give examples to support your position.

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Possible problems:

Optional Classroom Activities

1. When a child receives too much love from others, he or she may take love for granted and become spoiled and turn selfish.

Picture Talking

2.The child may develop other negative personality traits such as willfulness and self-centeredness.

Discussion and Writing

3.The child may feel lonely as he or she may not have enough chances to communicate with others and may, therefore, have problems getting along with others when he or she grows up.

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Directions: In China, most families have only one child. Do you think this will cause any problems regarding the relationship between parents and children? Give examples to support your position.

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Reasons why these may not be problems:

Optional Classroom Activities

1. What really matters is the way parents bring their children up, rather than the number of children in a family.

Picture Talking

2. An only child receives better care and better education as well.‏‏‏‏‏ There are positive traits that may be developed in an only child: independence and abilities in decision-making. The child may also have a stronger sense of responsibility, finding that he or she is the only one the parents can count on.

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations

3. Only children can make friends outside their families and thus become quite sociable.


Background information

Directions: What do you usually talk about with your parents? Do you enjoy such chats? Why or why not? Form groups of three and share your own experiences.

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

life at school; life at work; family members; plans for the family; decisions for the family; personal life; emotional problems and distress; health problems; current home and international news, etc.

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Directions: Pictures in this section are based on the text you have learned. You are required to talk about them first in small groups and then in class.

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

1. Discussion

Directions: There is usually a generation gap between parents and children. Are there any accidents of disagreement or misunderstanding between you and your parents? Tell us about how it all started and what happened in the end. Try to use some of the following transitions.

Useful Expressions

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

later on suddenlyformer afterward

in the first place latter years ago before

some time later nowearlier often

in the next place furthernext yesterday

furthermore firsttoday meanwhile

second tomorrowpreviously third

then whenin the past at last

thereafter once

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

2. Homework for Writing

Useful Expressions

Directions: Based on the discussion you have had, write an essay about 100~120 words on How to Bridge the Generation Gap, using some of the transitions given.

Spot Dictation

Word Completion

Optional Classroom Activities

Picture Talking

Discussion and Writing

Proverbs and Quotations


Background information

Useful Expressions

1. Children are the parents’ riches.

Spot Dictation

子女是父母的至宝。

Word Completion

2. A little child is the sweetest and purest thing in the world.

Optional Classroom Activities

孩童是世界上最可爱和最纯洁的。

3. Happy is he that is happy in childhood.

Picture Talking

童年时快乐的人是幸福的。

Discussion and Writing

4. All I am, or can be, I owe to my angel mother.

— Abraham Lincoln, American president

Proverbs and Quotations

我之所有,我之所能,都归功于我天使般的母亲。

——美国总统 林肯


Background information

5. He is the happiest, be he King or peasant, who finds peace in his home.

— Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German dramatist and poet

Useful Expressions

Suffix Matching

无论是国王还是农夫,家庭和睦是最幸福的。

——德国剧作家、诗人 J. W. 歌德

Compound Dictation

Optional Classroom Activities

6. We never know the love of the parents until we become parents ourselves.

— Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and orator

Discussion and Writing

不养儿不知父母恩。

—— 美国牧师、演说家 H. W. 比沏

Picture Talking

Proverbs and Quotations

7. Be it ever so humble, there is no place like home.

— John Howard Payne, American dramatist and actor

金窝,银窝,不如自家的草窝。

—— 美国剧作家、演员 J. H. 佩恩


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