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Using Verbs Correctly. next. exit. 8.0. Verbs. Every verb can be conjugated into the present , past , and past participle form. Note: The past participle form of the verb requires a helping verb such as has , had , or have . previous. next. exit. 8.1 - 8.2. Present.

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Using Verbs Correctly

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Using verbs correctly l.jpg

Using Verbs Correctly

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8.0


Verbs l.jpg

Verbs

Every verb can be conjugatedinto the present, past, and past participle form.

Note:The past participle form of the verb requires a helping verb such as has, had, or have.

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8.1 - 8.2


Regular verbs l.jpg

Present

I walk each day.

Past

Yesterday, I walked five miles.

Past Participle

I have walked fourteen miles this week.

Regular Verbs

Past and past participleforms end in “ed”

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8.3 - 8.6


Irregular verbs l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

An irregular verb is one whose form changes when it is conjugated.

beatbeatbeaten

beginbeganbegun

bendbentbent

bitebitbitten

blowblewblown

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8.8


Irregular verbs5 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

breakbrokebroken

bringbroughtbrought

buildbuiltbuilt

buyboughtbought

burstburstburst

catchcaughtcaught

choosechosechosen

comecamecome

dealdealtdealt

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8.9


Irregular verbs6 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

divedived (dove)dived dodiddone

drawdrewdrawn

drivedrovedriven

drinkdrankdrunk

eatateeaten

fallfellfallen

feelfeltfelt

flyflewflown

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8.10


Irregular verbs7 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

forgetforgotforgotten

freezefrozefrozen

givegavegiven

gowentgone

growgrewgrown

hidehidhidden

knowknewknown

lendlentlent

lay (put, place) laidlaid

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8.11


Irregular verbs8 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

lie (recline)laylain

loselostlost

rideroderidden

ringrangrung

riseroserisen

raiseraisedraised

runranrun

set (place)setset

shakeshookshaken

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8.12


Irregular verbs9 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

shrinkshrankshrunk,

shrunken

singsangsung

sinksanksunk

sit (sit down)satsat

speakspokespoken

standstoodstood

stealstolestolen

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8.13


Irregular verbs10 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

strikestruckstruck,

stricken

swimswamswum

taketooktaken

teachtaughttaught

teartoretorn

throwthrewthrown

wearworeworn

writewrotewritten

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8.14


Sit and set l.jpg

Sit and Set

“to be in a seated position”

Sit

Intransitive Verb(does not have a direct object)

“to put or place something”

Set

Transitive Verb(usually has a direct object)

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8.21 - 8.22


Principal parts l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

sitsatsat

setsetset

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8.23


Slide13 l.jpg

The dentist set the equipment to takean x-ray.

Dentist is placing the equipment. The word “equipment” is the direct object of the verb “set.”

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8.24 - 8.25


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John sat on thestone wall toeat lunch.

John is resting on the wall.

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8.26 - 8.27


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Lie

Lay and Lie

Lay

“to put or place something”

Transitive Verb(almost always has an object)

“being in horizontal position, or to remain, or to be situated”

Intransitive Verb(never has an object)

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8.28 - 8.29


Principal parts16 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

laylaidlaid

lielaylain

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8.30


Slide17 l.jpg

Jared laid theblocks onthe table.

Jared placed the blocks.“Blocks” is the direct object.

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8.31 - 8.32


Slide18 l.jpg

I will lie downfor a nap.

Lie means to recline. There is no direct object in this sentence.

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8.33 - 8.34


Raise l.jpg

Raise

Rise and Raise

“to go to a higher position”

Rise

Intransitive Verb(never has an object)

“to lift to a higher position”

Transitive Verb(almost always has an object)

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8.35 - 8.36


Principal parts20 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

riseroserisen

raiseraisedraised

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8.37


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The creek rises inthe early spring.

Rises means the river goes to a higher position.There is no object.

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8.38


Slide22 l.jpg

Tonya raised her hand to answerthe question.

Raised means to lift higher.Hand is the direct object of raised.

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8.39


Slide23 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Let

“to permit or to allow”

Stan let meborrow his disk.

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8.40 - 8.41


Slide24 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Leave

“to go away from”

Ken leaves workat five o’clock.

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8.42 -8.43


Slide25 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Leave

“to place something

and go away from it”

Please take the blueprintsto Mrs. Smith and leave them on her desk.

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8.45 - 8.46


Slide26 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Leave

“not to change ordisturb something”

Leave the ribs on the grill for anotherfifteen minutes.

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8.47 -8.48


Principal parts27 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

letlethave let

leavelefthave left

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8.48


Slide28 l.jpg

Bring and Take

Bring

“denotes movement toward the person speaking”

Come over tonight and bring yourguitar with you.

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8.49 -8.50


Slide29 l.jpg

Bring and Take

Take

“denotes movement awayfrom the person speaking”

Go to the office and take these copieswith you.

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8.51 -8.52


Principal parts30 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

bringbroughthave brought

taketakenhave taken

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8.48


Reminder l.jpg

Reminder

Past participles use helping verbs, not prepositions. Therefore, use only verbs in a verb phrase, not prepositions.

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8.54


Slide32 l.jpg

Correct:

We should have started sooner.

Incorrect:

We should of started sooner.

The word of is not a verb.It is a preposition.

The verbs shouldhavestartedare correct.

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6.58

8.55 - 8.56


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