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Using Verbs Correctly. next. exit. 8.0. Verbs. Every verb can be conjugated into the present , past , and past participle form. Note: The past participle form of the verb requires a helping verb such as has , had , or have . previous. next. exit. 8.1 - 8.2. Present.

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Using verbs correctly l.jpg

Using Verbs Correctly

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8.0


Verbs l.jpg
Verbs

Every verb can be conjugatedinto the present, past, and past participle form.

Note: The past participle form of the verb requires a helping verb such as has, had, or have.

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8.1 - 8.2


Regular verbs l.jpg

Present

I walk each day.

Past

Yesterday, I walked five miles.

Past Participle

I have walked fourteen miles this week.

Regular Verbs

Past and past participleforms end in “ed”

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8.3 - 8.6


Irregular verbs l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

An irregular verb is one whose form changes when it is conjugated.

beat beat beaten

begin began begun

bend bent bent

bite bit bitten

blow blew blown

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8.8


Irregular verbs5 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

break broke broken

bring brought brought

build built built

buy bought bought

burst burst burst

catch caught caught

choose chose chosen

come came come

deal dealt dealt

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8.9


Irregular verbs6 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

dive dived (dove) dived do did done

draw drew drawn

drive drove driven

drink drank drunk

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

feel felt felt

fly flew flown

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8.10


Irregular verbs7 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

forget forgot forgotten

freeze froze frozen

give gave given

go went gone

grow grew grown

hide hid hidden

know knew known

lend lent lent

lay (put, place) laid laid

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8.11


Irregular verbs8 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

lie (recline) lay lain

lose lost lost

ride rode ridden

ring rang rung

rise rose risen

raise raised raised

run ran run

set (place) set set

shake shook shaken

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8.12


Irregular verbs9 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

shrink shrank shrunk,

shrunken

sing sang sung

sink sank sunk

sit (sit down) sat sat

speak spoke spoken

stand stood stood

steal stole stolen

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8.13


Irregular verbs10 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Irregular Verbs

strike struck struck,

stricken

swim swam swum

take took taken

teach taught taught

tear tore torn

throw threw thrown

wear wore worn

write wrote written

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8.14


Sit and set l.jpg
Sit and Set

“to be in a seated position”

Sit

Intransitive Verb(does not have a direct object)

“to put or place something”

Set

Transitive Verb(usually has a direct object)

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8.21 - 8.22


Principal parts l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

sit sat sat

set set set

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8.23


Slide13 l.jpg

The dentist set the equipment to takean x-ray.

Dentist is placing the equipment. The word “equipment” is the direct object of the verb “set.”

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8.24 - 8.25


Slide14 l.jpg

John sat on thestone wall toeat lunch.

John is resting on the wall.

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8.26 - 8.27


Slide15 l.jpg
Lie

Lay and Lie

Lay

“to put or place something”

Transitive Verb(almost always has an object)

“being in horizontal position, or to remain, or to be situated”

Intransitive Verb(never has an object)

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8.28 - 8.29


Principal parts16 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

lay laid laid

lie lay lain

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8.30


Slide17 l.jpg

Jared laid theblocks onthe table.

Jared placed the blocks.“Blocks” is the direct object.

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8.31 - 8.32


Slide18 l.jpg

I will lie downfor a nap.

Lie means to recline. There is no direct object in this sentence.

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8.33 - 8.34


Raise l.jpg
Raise

Rise and Raise

“to go to a higher position”

Rise

Intransitive Verb(never has an object)

“to lift to a higher position”

Transitive Verb(almost always has an object)

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8.35 - 8.36


Principal parts20 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

rise rose risen

raise raised raised

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8.37


Slide21 l.jpg

The creek rises inthe early spring.

Rises means the river goes to a higher position.There is no object.

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8.38


Slide22 l.jpg

Tonya raised her hand to answerthe question.

Raised means to lift higher.Hand is the direct object of raised.

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8.39


Slide23 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Let

“to permit or to allow”

Stan let meborrow his disk.

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8.40 - 8.41


Slide24 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Leave

“to go away from”

Ken leaves workat five o’clock.

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8.42 -8.43


Slide25 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Leave

“to place something

and go away from it”

Please take the blueprintsto Mrs. Smith and leave them on her desk.

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8.45 - 8.46


Slide26 l.jpg

Let and Leave

Leave

“not to change ordisturb something”

Leave the ribs on the grill for anotherfifteen minutes.

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8.47 -8.48


Principal parts27 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

let let have let

leave left have left

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8.48


Slide28 l.jpg

Bring and Take

Bring

“denotes movement toward the person speaking”

Come over tonight and bring yourguitar with you.

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8.49 -8.50


Slide29 l.jpg

Bring and Take

Take

“denotes movement awayfrom the person speaking”

Go to the office and take these copieswith you.

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8.51 -8.52


Principal parts30 l.jpg

Present

Past

Past Participle

Principal Parts

bring brought have brought

take taken have taken

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8.48


Reminder l.jpg
Reminder

Past participles use helping verbs, not prepositions. Therefore, use only verbs in a verb phrase, not prepositions.

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8.54


Slide32 l.jpg

Correct:

We should have started sooner.

Incorrect:

We should of started sooner.

The word of is not a verb.It is a preposition.

The verbs shouldhavestartedare correct.

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6.58

8.55 - 8.56


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