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Cross-Development on Mac. May, 2006. Andr é Krützfeldt. Tokyo Jamboree #8. Macintosh and Xcode. OS X does come with Xcode bundled Newest version at: http://developer.apple.com/tools/xcode/index.html Includes all gnu compilers (4.0.1) and utilities Download is about 900MB

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slide1

Cross-Development on Mac

May, 2006

André Krützfeldt

Tokyo Jamboree #8

macintosh and xcode
Macintosh and Xcode
  • OS X does come with Xcode bundled
  • Newest version at:
  • http://developer.apple.com/tools/xcode/index.html
  • Includes all gnu compilers (4.0.1) and utilities
  • Download is about 900MB
  • Good for Apple development
    • you will need it
  • For embedded systems, not applicable
complete your mac tools
Complete your Mac tools
  • Make your development complete!
  • Use fink
  • http://fink.sourceforge.net/
  • It installs everything under /sw
  • After install use FinkCommander
complete your mac tools 2
Complete your Mac tools (2)
  • Add the fink distribution to your path
    • Easy:
      • more “test -r /sw/bin/init.sh && . /sw/bin/init.sh” >> .profile
  • Close your terminal window and open it again.
  • Now the path should look like:
  • $ echo $PATH
    • /sw/bin:/sw/sbin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin: /usr/sbin:/usr/local/teTeX/bin/powerpc-apple-darwin-current:/usr/X11R6/bin
compile the compiler
Compile the Compiler
  • Next step is to select a Cross Compiler
  • Best: Crosstool
  • http://www.kegel.com/crosstool/
  • Current version 0.42
  • Supports: gcc-2.95, gcc-3.2.x - gcc-4.0.x
  • Check the current build results:
  • http://www.kegel.com/crosstool/crosstool-0.42/buildlogs/
  • If you intend to compile for Motorola devices, use:
  • Crosstool for EZX
  • http://lsb.blogdns.net/ezx-crosstool
  • Current version 0.5
compiler the compiler 2
Compiler the Compiler (2)
  • Extract the downloaded files with:
  • gzip if the file ends with .gz
  • bzip2 if the file ends with .bz2
  • (Both in fink)
  • Make sure you have ‘wget’ installed
    • the build process uses it
    • Check with: $ type wget
    • wget is /sw/bin/wget
  • You MUST be online to do the build!
    • It will get the sources to compile from websites
compiler source download
Compiler source download
  • The scripts use wget to download the libraries and linux components defined in:
  • gcc-<version>-glib-<version>.dat
  • If you have a proxy setup, make sure that wget can work with it.
  • If you cannot get wget to work, just run the demo-XYZ.sh
  • It will try to access the sites, use <ctrl>-c to stop it and use a normal browser to download the needed files.
  • Place then into the download directory, usually
  • $HOME/download
  • Start demo-XYZ.sh again
setup the target directory
Setup the target directory
  • At the end you will have to install your cross compiler.
  • Best to setup the directory and rights now.
  • sudo mkdir /opt/crosstool
  • sudo chown $USER /opt/crosstool
  • The following script will build the Motorola cross compiler and install the result into the same directory!
how to compile the compiler
How to compile the compiler
  • build.sh from ezx-crosstool derived from demo-*.sh
  • #!/bin/sh
  • set -ex
  • CROSSTOOL_DIR=`pwd`
  • TARBALLS_DIR=$CROSSTOOL_DIR/downloads
  • RESULT_TOP=$CROSSTOOL_DIR/gcc-arm-iwmmxt
  • SRC_DIR=$CROSSTOOL_DIR/src
  • export TARBALLS_DIR RESULT_TOP SRC_DIR
  • GCC_LANGUAGES="c,c++"
  • export GCC_LANGUAGES
  • # Really, you should do the mkdir before running this,
  • # and chown /opt/crosstool to yourself so you don\'t need to run as root.
  • mkdir -p $RESULT_TOP
  • # Build the toolchain. Takes a couple hours and a couple gigabytes.
  • eval `cat arm-ezx.dat gcc-3.3.6-glibc-2.3.2.dat` sh all.sh --notest
  • echo Done.
what if there is an error
What if there is an Error?
  • Mostly errors are not really errors.
  • The Mac uses different versions of GNU Utilities.
  • Look at the error and see what produced it.
  • E.g. Error in an awk-script is not the script:
    • Use fink and install ‘gawk’
    • Run “./build.sh” again
    • Mostly the error is gone.
  • Unfortunately it does take hours and the “./build.sh” always starts from the beginning.
expected error
Expected Error
  • There is an expected error:
  • At the end it will complain about:
    • PATH_MAX is undefined
  • This is to be ignored.
  • ALSO (known):
  • Apple make does have a bug/feature:
  • .m files are treated differently! (Objective-C)
  • Get a make from gnu and compile it separately
  • Copy it in /sw/bin do not copy it in /usr/bin!
distributed compile
Distributed Compile
  • Once you are done, you will have a cross compiler for your embedded device.
  • If you happen to have more than one Mac, you can distribute the cross compiler and compile in your network.
  • Tool to use is‘distcc’ which is part OS X Xcode.
  • (Very advanced, I have not tested it yet.)
cross compile trick
Cross-compile Trick
  • Some developers prefer to use a different shell for the cross compilation.
  • This assures that the builds do not interfere.
  • E.g. ‘tcsh’ uses‘.tcshrc’
  • Set the PATH and other values to the target compiler.
  • And do not forget:
  • ./configure --host=arm-linux
  • This tells configure that you are cross compiling
set the environment
Set the environment
  • The PATH must be set to the cross compiler:
  • PATH=/opt/crosstool/gcc-3.4.5-glibc-2.3.3/arm-linux/bin:…
  • Also set the environment variables:
  • AR=arm-linux-ar
  • CC=arm-linux-gcc
  • CXX=arm-linux-g++
  • LD=arm-linux-ld
  • RANLIB=arm-linux-ranlib
  • STRIP=arm-linux-strip
tools for mac
Tools for Mac
  • iTerm as xterm substitute, it supports bookmarks:
  • http://iterm.sourceforge.net/
tools for mac 2
Tools for Mac (2)
  • Fugu to copy over ssh
  • http://rsug.itd.umich.edu/software/fugu/
utilities for mac
Utilities for Mac
  • Some devices use Ethernet over USB:
  • Get the Mac driver at:
  • http://www.dsitri.de/wiki.php?page=AJZaurusUSB
  • Originally for the Zaurus, but works with most USBLan or USBNet enabled devices.
  • If you want to enable a device this way, look at:
  • http://www.linux-usb.org/usbnet/
devices
Devices

A1200

Rokr E2

A780

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