The New Deal. FDR offers relief and recovery. Hoover Believed that depression relief should come from state and local governments and private agencies. Roosevelt Believed that the depression required strong action and leadership by the federal government. Hoover vs. Roosevelt.
FDR offers relief and recovery
Believed that depression relief should come from state and local governments and private agencies.
Believed that the depression required strong action and leadership by the federal government.Hoover vs. Roosevelt
This campaign is more than a contest between two men…It’s a contest between two philosophies of government.
In his inauguration speech, FDR stated that, “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”
Inauguration of FDR, March 4, 1933
FDR gathered information from many economic experts, known as the Brain Trust, on how to fight the depression.
Bank run, New York City, 1931
Roosevelt declared a “bank holiday”, closing every bank in the nation for eight days.
Congress then passed theEmergency Banking Relief Act, which only allowed banks to open if they had enough funds to pay their depositors.
FDR signing the Emergency Banking Relief Act into law.
FDR’s first fireside chat on the bank crisis. (March 12, 1933)
FDR’s first fireside chat reassured people that banks were safe to use again.
I.Relief for the unemployed
The New Deal had three major goals:
Concluding Videos: 1) FDR (3:26) 2) First New Deal: First Hundred Days (5:26)
III. Reforms to prevent another depression
New Deal program #1
Building Big Ridge Dam (TN)
Lights for the Barnyard (TN)
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Workers covering the stream in Cain Park, Cleveland Park, OH
Edward Laning and assistants at work on his mural “The Role of the Immigrant in the Industrial Development of America” – New York, NY
New Deal program #3
Linemen on utility poles.
Public Works Administration (PWA)
Hollywood High School, Los Angeles, CA
New York City’s Tri-Borough Bridge
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Worker During Bridge Construction
Camp Euclid, OHSeptember, 1936
Children Cared for by Visiting Housekeeper in Oklahoma (1935)
Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
View From Summer Camp for Underprivileged Children, Washington (1935)
Poster from Georgia
Social Security Administration (SSA)
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Farmers receiving checks St. Augstine, Texas (1939)
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Ms. Lydia Lobsiger, the first person to be paid for deposits in an insured closed bank.