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The New Deal. A New President. Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in 1933. He immediately began trying to get out of the Great Depression . He started many new programs. They were called the New Deal . . The New Deal. The New Deal came from one of Roosevelt’s speeches.

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Presentation Transcript
a new president
A New President
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in 1933.
  • He immediately began trying to get out of the Great Depression.
  • He started many new programs. They were called the New Deal.
the new deal1
The New Deal
  • The New Deal came from one of Roosevelt’s speeches.
    • “I pledge to you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people.”

Many programs began running less than 100 days after he entered office.

the 3 rs
The “3 Rs”
  • His New Deal focused on 3 things:
    • Relief, Recovery, and Reform
    • Relief: Feed and House America’s poorest people
      • Helped people right away
      • Gave $500 million to feed and house the poorest people
slide5
CCC
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
    • Gave jobs to young men
    • Worked on national parks and projects around the U.S
    • Men had to send money home
the 3 rs1
The “3 Rs”
  • The 3 Rs
    • Recovery:
      • Started programs to help recover the economy
      • Designed to recover businesses so they would make money
      • Many programs helped farmers
      • CCC
      • WPA: Works Progress Administration
the 3 rs2
The “3 Rs”
  • The 3 Rs
    • Reform
      • Tried to make sure that conditions that caused the Great Depression never happened again
important programs
Important Programs
  • FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    • Government insured the money put in the bank
  • Social Security
    • Unemployed could get money
    • Disabled could get money
    • Elderly could get money
important programs1
Important Programs
  • SEC: Securities and Exchange Commission
    • Regulated trading on Wall Street (stock market)
    • Limited “out-of-control” investing
no change
No Change
  • Social Security did not help everyone (farmers, domestic workers)
  • Businesses were still in trouble.
  • Despite all of Franklin D Roosevelt’s work, the Depression remained.
  • In 1939 there were still 10 million unemployed workers.
  • Roosevelt said, “I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished.”
government
Government
  • Think back to Herbert Hoover….he did not want the government to become involved.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt- the government became larger and more powerful.
the first lady
The First Lady
  • Many people worked to help the poor
    • Eleanor Roosevelt traveled across the country to make sure programs were working
    • Franklin D. Roosevelt had polio and was crippled
    • She was very concerned about the lives of women, children, and African Americans.
eleanor s travels
Eleanor’s travels
  • She said, “These trips gave me a wonderful opportunity to visit all kinds of places and to see and get to know a good cross section of people. Always during my free time I visited as many government projects as possible, often managing to arrive without advance notice, so that they could not be polished up for my inspection.”
dorothea lange
Dorothea Lange
  • Dorothea Lange was a photographer who took pictures of the Great Depression.
    • People standing in bread lines
    • Farm families in the dust bowl
    • She was hired by the FSA to take pictures to show how families were affected.
    • The conditions of the poor were brought out for Americans to see
forgetting your troubles
Forgetting Your Troubles
  • People wanted to forget their troubles
  • Comic books came out- Superman and Batman
  • Families played Monopoly(could buy and sell land)
  • People went to the movies
movies
Movies
  • The drive-in theatre was created
  • Movies with music, dancing, and beautiful costumes were popular
  • People enjoyed King Kong
  • Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was popular
more entertainment
More Entertainment
  • Many people visited the World’s Fair and saw it as a symbol of hope.
    • 1933- Chicago
    • 1939- Queens, NY
      • Theme was “Building the World of Tomorrow”
      • People got a first look at the future television
global depression
Global Depression
  • The Depression began in the US
    • It spread around the world
    • Millions around the world were unemployed
    • Germany was trying to repay countries from WWI
    • Inflation (a rapid rise in prices) occurred and German money became worthless
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