Nutrients
Download
1 / 91

NUTRIENTS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 270 Views
  • Updated On :

NUTRIENTS. PAGE 147. Water. Is the most important nutrient for any pet! They can go for long periods without food but only a couple of days without water. Keep it fresh and clean!. How nutrients are used by the body

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'NUTRIENTS' - daniel_millan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Nutrients l.jpg

NUTRIENTS

PAGE 147


Water l.jpg
Water

  • Is the most important nutrient for any pet! They can go for long periods without food but only a couple of days without water.

  • Keep it fresh and clean!


Slide4 l.jpg


Slide5 l.jpg

2. Growth- increase in size of body that requires rations high in energy andprotein.


Slide6 l.jpg

3. Reproduction- an essential part of reproduction is proper nutrition. Reproductive failures result from poor nutrition.


Slide7 l.jpg

a. Reproduction ration contains a large amount of protein, minerals and vitamins. Reproduction requires the LARGEST amounts.

b. Improper nutrition can affect conception rates and breeding ability for males and females.


Slide8 l.jpg

  • 4. minerals and vitamins. Reproduction requires the Lactation- Time during which the female is producing milk and needs the proper nutrients to have a large milk production.

  • Lactation ration- diet high in protein, calcium, and phosphorus.

    • - The same nutrients contained in the milk are the same needed by a lactating female.


Slide9 l.jpg

b. Babies that are underweight at birth, or aborted fetuses are often the result of improper nutrition of mother during gestation.


Slide10 l.jpg

5. Work and activity are often the result of improper nutrition of mother during :

a. Increased amounts of fats and carbohydrates are needed in a working diet to supply the extra energy needed.

EX)Hunting dogs need special diets because they require energy to chase after game.


Slide11 l.jpg

Types of feed and use are often the result of improper nutrition of mother during

PAGE 148

Foodstuff- ingredients humans eat (food)

Feedstuff- ingredients for making animal food



Slide13 l.jpg

Palatability they eat.- taste, an animal liking the feed its eating.

A feed good in nutrients is no good if it won’t get eaten.

Means the diet is digestible and appeals to animal.


Slide14 l.jpg

Feed classification they eat.

a. Roughages (or forages) - made up of leaves and the plant’s stems.

b. Concentrates-recommended for small animals as a regular part of their diet because it is high in energy or protein.


Concentrates l.jpg

Roughages they eat.

Concentrates


Slide16 l.jpg

1) they eat.High energy diets include: corn, wheat, sorghum, barley, rye, and oats.

2) High protein diets include: soybean oil meal, cottonseed oil meal, and sunflower meals.


Slide17 l.jpg

c. they eat.Supplements- feed material that contains a specific nutrient.

d. Ration-a feed that contains the right amount and proportion of nutrients.


Slide18 l.jpg

Diet they eat.- feed amount and type found in a ration that an animal receives.

1) Base on animal needs at time


Slide19 l.jpg

2) Vary according to nutrients contained in feed. they eat.

3) Includes water

4) Kinds and amounts of nutrients found in feed


Slide20 l.jpg

Diets for specific animals they eat.

PAGE 155


Slide21 l.jpg

Dogs they eat.

Ration for pregnant dogs increase rations as weight increases > should be fed 3-4 times a day


Slide22 l.jpg

Puppies need diet higher in they eat.protein than adults and food intake is regulated by activity


Slide23 l.jpg

Food Types they eat.

Merits

Drawbacks

Moist (canned)

Tastes good, digestible, with a long shelf life

Most expensive.

Dry

Affordable, reduces tartar build-up on teeth

Storage problem: food can get stale. It can lose some nutritional value.

Semi-Moist

Easy to store, tastes good and digestible

Cost is quite a bit higher than dry food.



Slide25 l.jpg

15 lbs. they eat.


Slide26 l.jpg

Cats they eat.

Need twice as much protein as dogs

10% of diet should be fat and use a commercial feed variety

30% protein needed


Slide27 l.jpg

Animal nutritionists recommend 35 to 50 percent protein on a dry-matter basis

Cats should not be fed any vegetables or fruits.


Slide28 l.jpg

It is common for people to think that kittens and cats need milk. This is not true!

In fact, large amounts of milk will give your kitty diarrhea.


Slide29 l.jpg

In response to consumer demand that pets be fed a proper diet, the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) was formed. Their primary function was to publish feed regulations and ingredient definitions


Pets on diets l.jpg
Pets on DIETS? diet, the


Slide31 l.jpg

Scientific studies have confirmed that diet, the 20% of cats are overweight.

Experts consider a dog obese when he or she weighs over 15% of the optimum weight for its species


Slide32 l.jpg

  • Scatter diet, the the food to get them to have to eat more slowly

  • Feed only twice a day, no ungoverned meals

  • Decrease their feed amounts by 25%

  • Get creative and exercise your pet


Pocket pet diets l.jpg
POCKET PET DIETS diet, the


Slide34 l.jpg
1.It is best to feed ALL pocket pets a diet, the pellet.2.If mixing ration, should have a wide range of food.3. Diet needs to be consistent


Slide35 l.jpg

Rabbits diet, the

Pellet type of commercial feed is best (they will pick out and leave other uneaten if not pelleted)

Avoid feeding leafy green vegetables


Slide36 l.jpg

Rabbits have diet, the a large stomach for their body size to enable them to eat large amounts of plant material quickly.


Slide37 l.jpg

They are diet, the crepuscular, meaning they eat primarily at dawn and at dusk.


Slide38 l.jpg

Since their diet, the teeth are growing constantly, they need to wear them down and chewing on sticks and hard pellets will keep their teeth in check.


Slide39 l.jpg

  • Salt block: diet, the If you are feeding a proper pellet/veggie mix, salt blocks are not a necessary part of your rabbit's diet. However, many rabbits enjoy going to a salt block daily -- it is not harmful for your rabbit to do so


Slide40 l.jpg

Hamsters diet, the

a. Best to use pellet type commercial

b. If mixing ration; should have a wide range of food

c. Diet needs to be consistent



Slide42 l.jpg

Avoid foods such as iceberg lettuce, tomatoes, chocolate, raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.


Slide43 l.jpg

FOOD BOWL OR NOT? raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.

Hamsters hoard food, if a full bowl is kept then usually they won’t hoard it they think it is their own “stash”


Wet tail l.jpg
Wet tail raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.

  • Diarrhea in hamsters, can be a sign of a bad diet or bacterial infection


Slide45 l.jpg

  • Gerbils raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.

  • Need some green food in their diet

  • Need about 22% protein


Slide46 l.jpg

They need small amounts of fresh vegetables>> raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.

Carrots, cabbage, celery, cauliflower and broccoli are recommended and a portion of timothy hay 2-3 times/week is also a good idea.


Slide47 l.jpg

  • Rats raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.

  • Can have dog

  • food substituted

  • Need 20-27% protein in their diets


Rats need higher fiber than mice nuts and sunflower seeds are great sources l.jpg
Rats need higher fiber than mice. raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.Nuts and sunflower seeds are great sources.


Slide49 l.jpg

Mice & Rats raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts. will not overeat, but mice and rats will pick out sweeter food.


Rodents need to gnaw l.jpg
Rodents need to gnaw. raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.


Slide51 l.jpg

FERRETS raw beans, potatoes, as well as sugary or salty foods. Fresh fruits should be given only as treats, and only in small amounts.

Are strictly carnivores


Slide52 l.jpg

Ferrets have a quick metabolism and a short digestive system, so need to eat frequently (usually every 3-4 hours).


Slide53 l.jpg

Ferrets need a diet that is a minimum of 34-36% protein and approximately 20% fat (and low fiber).


Slide54 l.jpg

Ferrets can eat cat food but it is not recommended that this is all they eat.

Need high meat protein, high fat, low vegetable matter diets



Slide56 l.jpg

Guinea pigs is all they eat. need solid food to dull their teeth and a certain amount of vitamin C


Slide57 l.jpg

Foods that contain high Vitamin C content = kale, dandelion greens, collard greens and peppers.

Broccoli, cabbage, corncobs, kale, romaine, red leaf, or green leaf lettuce (never iceberg), parsley, spinach and tomatoes are among their favorites.


Slide58 l.jpg

The recommended daily feeding requirement of commercial Guinea pig feed would be 1/8 cup of pellets per two-pound Guinea pig.


Slide59 l.jpg

Feed your Guinea pig every morning and evening and make sure they have timothy hay throughout the day.


Chinchillas l.jpg
Chinchillas they have timothy hay throughout the day.

Diet consists of hay, chinchilla pellets and water

Treats for chinchillas can be dried fruit or yogurt.

Timothy hay is better than alfalfa hay.


Slide61 l.jpg

  • Raisins they have timothy hay throughout the day. are also a very big thing for treats for chinchillas as well as dried banana.

  • Dried apricots, papaya, and pineapples are also good.

  • Papaya and pineapple are good sources to help prevent hair balls in chinchillas.


Slide62 l.jpg

For pregnant females, give them a some cranberry juice after they give birth to their babies. Some females don't have milk for their babies because of lack of calcium in their diet.


Slide63 l.jpg

Amphibians they give birth to their babies. Some females don't have milk for their babies because of lack of calcium in their diet.

a. Amphibians eat insects and worms (if the amphibian is large enough)

b. Tadpoles will eat pellets of rabbit, dog, or cat food


Slide64 l.jpg

slugs they give birth to their babies. Some females don't have milk for their babies because of lack of calcium in their diet.

Wood lice

Frozen blood worms



Slide66 l.jpg

Live food is best for amphibians flies, wax worms, pinkie mice



Slide68 l.jpg

Feed young turtles a small amount daily or every other day. Adults can be fed every 2 days.

PROTEIN should make up about 50% of the diet


Slide69 l.jpg

VEGETABLES make up about 30% of the turtle’s diet Adults can be fed every 2 days.

FRUITS make up about 10% of the diet


Slide70 l.jpg


Slide71 l.jpg

Pet snakes are usually fed once every 1-2 weeks. Juveniles and adults for which a relatively rapid growth rate is desired can be fed more frequently.




Lizards l.jpg
LIZARDS every 3-6 weeks.


Lizards must have variety l.jpg
LIZARDS must have VARIETY! every 3-6 weeks.


Slide77 l.jpg

  • Some Lizards are insectivores and only eat insects: every 3-6 weeks.

  • Crickets

  • Mealworms

  • Wax worms

  • Earthworms

  • Some Lizards are omnivores and eat insects & vegetable matter

  • Bearded Dragons & Uromastyx

  • Some Lizards are herbivores and only eat vegetable matter

  • Iguanas

Geckos




Gut loading l.jpg
GUT LOADING lizards

  • Insects need to be fed vitamins before you feed them to a lizard.

  • EX)Potato flakes, kitty chow, cabbage, carrots, potatoes


Slide82 l.jpg

Birds lizards

Diet mostly consist of seeds

Cereal seeds and oil seeds will do

Fruit & nectar birds eat oranges, grapes, and apple slices


Feeding fish l.jpg
FEEDING FISH lizards

  • Fish can be herbivores, carnivores or omnivores

  • Most all aquarium fish are omnivores


Herbivores l.jpg
Herbivores lizards

  • Plecos, algae eaters, pacus, African cichlids

  • Algae wafers, lettuce, zucchini


Omnivores l.jpg
Omnivores lizards

  • Catfish, mollies, crayfish, goldfish

  • Feed staple flake food diet or pellets


Carnivores l.jpg
Carnivores lizards

  • Betas, needlefish, Jack Dempsey, Oscar

  • Feed a diet of brine shrimp, tubifex worms, bloodworms, feeder fish


Slide89 l.jpg

Fish lizards

Should be given a variety of foods so they don’t get bored


Slide90 l.jpg

Shrimp, krill, and plankton are ideas for larger fish lizards

Flakes are good for smaller fish


Slide91 l.jpg

Amount fish eats is relative to lizardstemperature of water, kind of fish, and stage of life.

Amount fish is fed should be amount it can eat in a few minutes to avoid contaminating water.

The higher the water temperature the more the fish will eat.


ad