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Nutrients. Mr. DiCicco. Six Essential Nutrients. Carbohydrates Proteins Fats Vitamins Minerals Water . Macronutrients: get energy from. Carbohydrates. Starches and sugar found in foods 4 calories a gram 45-65% daily calories should be from carbohydrates . Simple Carbohydrates.

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Nutrients

Nutrients

Mr. DiCicco


Six essential nutrients
Six Essential Nutrients

  • Carbohydrates

  • Proteins

  • Fats

  • Vitamins

  • Minerals

  • Water

Macronutrients: get energy from


Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates

  • Starches and sugar found in foods

  • 4 calories a gram

  • 45-65% daily calories should be from carbohydrates


Simple carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates

  • Sugars found in:

    • Fruits

    • Vegetables

    • Milk

    • Honey

    • Maple syrup

    • Refined sugars


Complex carbohydrates
Complex Carbohydrates

  • Aka starches, long chains of sugar linked together

  • vegetables (i.e., potatoes, dry beans, peas, and corn)

  • Breads

  • Cereals

  • Grains


Whole grain
Whole Grain

  • all of the parts of the grain seed

  • Contain nutrients and fiber

  • Refined grains:

    • Processed grains that have less nutrients and fiber


Fiber
Fiber

  • Type of complex carbohydrates that the body can’t digest


Soluble fiber
Soluble fiber

  • dissolves in water

  • can help lower glucose levels

  • lower blood cholesterol


Insoluble fiber
Insoluble Fiber

  • does not dissolve in water

  • help food move through your digestive system

  • prevent constipation.


  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZ30VhTOSB4

  • http://www.howcast.com/videos/501158-Multigrain-vs-Whole-Grain-Healthy-Food

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nBJN7DH83HA


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