8 th Grade The North. Chapter 12 Study Guide. The Industrial revolution is a period of rapid growth during which machines became essential to industry. 1. What is the Industrial Revolution?. It shifted the location of production from homes to textile mills.
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Chapter 12 Study Guide
The Industrial revolution is a period of rapid growth during which machines became essential to industry.
It shifted the location of production from homes to textile mills.
The North had more rivers to provide power.
Eli Whitney came up with the idea of interchangeable parts.
Tariffs on foreign goods encouraged Americans to buy domestic goods.
Textile manufacturers keep cost low by hiring children and paid them very little
Workers suffered from health problems, such as chronic cough, due to unsafe conditions.
A Trade Union is an organization of workers who tried to improve pay and working conditions for members.
The Transportation Revolution enabled goods to travel quickly across the United States.
Right to water travel over the Hudson river in New York
The railroads had to pass through mountainsand rivers.
The Telegraph enabled people to send news quickly from coast to coast.
Morse Code – developed by Alfred Lewis Vail
The shift to steam power meant factories no longer had to be built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.
It provided easier access to workers.
John Deere came up with the idea for a steel plow.
They could buy items they could not afford in the past.
Francis Cabot Lowell
Sarah G. Bagley
Samuel F.B. Morse
British ships blocked seaports, preventing foreign ships from delivering foods. Americans had to buy items they needed from American businesses. This helped the economy.
The Lowell system was developed by Francis Cabot Lowell. The system included a loom that could spin thread and weave cloth. It depended on the labor of young unmarried women hired from local farms.
It provided easier access to workers, allowing businesses to lower wages.