8 th Grade The North. Chapter 12 Study Guide. The Industrial revolution is a period of rapid growth during which machines became essential to industry. 1. What is the Industrial Revolution?. It shifted the location of production from homes to textile mills.
The Industrial revolution is a period of rapid growth during which machines became essential to industry.1. What is the Industrial Revolution?
Samuel Slater mills.3. Who was the man responsible for bringing new textile machines to the U.S.?
The North had more rivers mills.to provide power.4. Why were more American textile mills built in the North than in the South?
Technology mills.5. The tools used to produce items or to do work are known as
Tariffs on foreign goods encouraged Americans to buy domestic goods.7. How did the war of 1812 help American Manufacturing?
Thomas Jefferson domestic goods.Which American Patriot said, “to be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate them ourselves?
Textile manufacturers keep cost low by hiring children and paid them very little8. How did factory owners keep their cost low?
Four years paid them very little9. How many years would most “Lowell girls” stay at the mill?
Workers suffered from health problems, such as chronic cough, due to unsafe conditions.10. What would it be like to work in a factory?
A Trade Union is an organization of workers who tried to improve pay and working conditions for members.11. What is a trade union?
Steam-powered train improve pay and working conditions for members.
Steamboat12. What are new forms of transportation invented during this time?
The Transportation Revolution enabled goods to travel quickly across the United States.13. How did theses new vehicles change trade?
Clermont quickly across the United States.14. What was the first Steamboat called?
Interstate travel quickly across the United States.
Right to water travel over the Hudson river in New York15. What was Gibbons v Ogden about?
The railroads had to pass through mountains quickly across the United States.and rivers.16. What was difficult about building railroads?
Morse Code to coast.– developed by Alfred Lewis Vail18. What is a Communication system of dots and dashes used for letters called?
The shift to steam power meant factories no longer had to be built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.19. How did technology allow factories to be built anywhere?
Northeast built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.20. In the mid-1800’s where was most U.S. industries?
It provided easier access to workers. built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.21. Why were most factories built in or near cities?
Cyrus McCormick built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.23. Who invented the mechanical reaper?
John Deere came up with the idea for a built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.steel plow.22. What did John Deere invent?
They could buy items they could not afford in the past. built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.24. How did mass production change average American lives?
Richard Arkwright built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.25. Who invented the water frame?
Francis Cabot Lowell built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.26. Who put a loom and weaving into the same factory?
Robert Fulton built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.27. Who designed the steamboat Clermont?
Sarah G. Bagley built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.28. Who fought for 10 hour workdays?
Samuel Slater built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.29. Who Created the Rhode Island System?
Aaron Ogden built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.30. Who held a monopoly on all new York steamboats?
Samuel F.B. Morse built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.31. Who made the telegraph?
Peter Cooper built near streams, rivers, or waterfalls.32. Who built the train Tom Thumb?
British ships blocked seaports, preventing foreign ships from delivering foods. Americans had to buy items they needed from American businesses. This helped the economy.Essay 1. How did the War of 1812 help the U.S. economy?
The from delivering foods. Americans had to buy items they needed from American businesses. This helped the economy.Lowell system was developed by Francis Cabot Lowell. The system included a loom that could spin thread and weave cloth. It depended on the labor of young unmarried women hired from local farms.Essay 2. What was the Lowell System?