Peace Treaties during the Inter-War Period. IB 20 th Century World. Peace treaties signed 1918-23. TREATY. Dealt with:. Signed on:. TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK. Russia. March 1918. Paris Settlement 1919-23. TREATY OF VERSAILLES. Germany. 28 June 1919. TREATY OF ST GERMAIN. Austria.
IB 20th Century World
TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK
Paris Settlement 1919-23
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
28 June 1919
TREATY OF ST GERMAIN
10 July 1919
TREATY OF NEUILLY
27 November 1919
TREATY OF TRIANON
4 June 1920
TREATY OF SÈVRES
20 August 1920
TREATY OF LAUSANNE
AUSTRIA - HUNGARY
Treaties of St Germain and Trianon
Similar to treaty with Germany but harsher on this new state
Territory reduced to Vienna and the German speaking western provinces = 1/10 size of before
Army limited to 30,000
Navy limited to 3 police boats on Danube River
The Treaty of Saint Germain, July 10, 1919, between the Allies and the new Republic of Austria. Not ratified by the US.
Austro-Hungarian Empire to be dissolved.
Republic of Austria recognized the independence of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the State of Slovenes, Croatians and Serbians.
Included war reparations of large sums of money, directed towards the allies, to pay for the costs of the war.
Even harsher on this new state
Lost ¾ of it’s territory
2/3 of it’s population
3 million Hungarians become citizens of Rumania, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia
Army limited to 35,000
The Treaty of Trianonconcluded in 1920 at the end of WWI by the Allies and Hungary
The treaty established the borders of Hungary. Hungary lost over 72% of the territory it had previously controlled, which left 64% of the inhabitants, including 3.3 out of 10.7 million (31%) ethnic Hungarians, living outside Hungary.
In addition, the newly established nation of Hungary had to pay war reparations to its neighbors.
Lost border territory to Yugoslavia & Greece
Forced to surrender her navy
Limit army to 20,000 men
The Treaty of Neuilly, dealing with Bulgaria for its role as one of the Central powers in WWI, was signed on Nov. 27, 1919 at Neuilly, France.
Bulgaria was also required to reduce its army to 20,000 men, pay reparations exceeding $400 million, and recognize the existence of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Turkey (Ottoman Empire)
Secret Treaties made during the war was to divide the empire among the allies.
This was in a mess for over 20 years. The land was divided up between the allies
Palestine, Mesopotamia, Jordon went to Britain
Syria and Lebanon to France
The Treaty of Sèvres(10 August 1920) was the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allied at the end of WWI. The treaty nullified the territorial gains of the empire during the war.
Sevres is a suburb of Paris (where treaty was signed)