Peace treaties during the inter war period
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Peace Treaties during the Inter-War Period. IB 20 th Century World. Peace treaties signed 1918-23. TREATY. Dealt with:. Signed on:. TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK. Russia. March 1918. Paris Settlement 1919-23. TREATY OF VERSAILLES. Germany. 28 June 1919. TREATY OF ST GERMAIN. Austria.

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Peace Treaties during the Inter-War Period

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Peace treaties during the inter war period

Peace Treaties during the Inter-War Period

IB 20th Century World


Peace treaties signed 1918 23

Peace treaties signed 1918-23

TREATY

Dealt with:

Signed on:

TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK

Russia

March 1918

Paris Settlement 1919-23

TREATY OF VERSAILLES

Germany

28 June 1919

TREATY OF ST GERMAIN

Austria

10 July 1919

TREATY OF NEUILLY

Bulgaria

27 November 1919

TREATY OF TRIANON

Hungary

4 June 1920

TREATY OF SÈVRES

Turkey

20 August 1920

TREATY OF LAUSANNE

Turkey

September 1923


Territorial changes made to the three great empires by the peace treaties

Territorial changes made to the three great empires by the peace treaties

Treaty of

Brest-Litovsk

RUSSIA

Finland

To

Denmark

Estonia

Latvia

Lithuania

Treaty of

Versailles

GERMANY

To

France

Poland

Czechoslovakia

Rom

ania

AUSTRIA - HUNGARY

Austria

Hungary

Yugo-

Treaties of St Germain and Trianon

slavia

To Italy


Treaty of st germain

Treaty of St. Germain

Austria

Similar to treaty with Germany but harsher on this new state

Territory reduced to Vienna and the German speaking western provinces = 1/10 size of before

Army limited to 30,000

Navy limited to 3 police boats on Danube River

Reparations


Treaty of saint germain

Treaty of Saint Germain

The Treaty of Saint Germain, July 10, 1919, between the Allies and the new Republic of Austria. Not ratified by the US.

Austro-Hungarian Empire to be dissolved.

Republic of Austria recognized the independence of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the State of Slovenes, Croatians and Serbians.

Included war reparations of large sums of money, directed towards the allies, to pay for the costs of the war.


Treaty of trianon

Treaty of Trianon

Hungary

Even harsher on this new state

Lost ¾ of it’s territory

2/3 of it’s population

3 million Hungarians become citizens of Rumania, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia

Army limited to 35,000

Reparations


Treaty of trianon1

Treaty of Trianon

The Treaty of Trianonconcluded in 1920 at the end of WWI by the Allies and Hungary

The treaty established the borders of Hungary. Hungary lost over 72% of the territory it had previously controlled, which left 64% of the inhabitants, including 3.3 out of 10.7 million (31%) ethnic Hungarians, living outside Hungary.

In addition, the newly established nation of Hungary had to pay war reparations to its neighbors.


Treaty of neuilly noo yee

Treaty of Neuilly (noo-yee)

Bulgaria

Lost border territory to Yugoslavia & Greece

Forced to surrender her navy

Limit army to 20,000 men

Reparation payments


Treaty of neuilly

Treaty of Neuilly

The Treaty of Neuilly, dealing with Bulgaria for its role as one of the Central powers in WWI, was signed on Nov. 27, 1919 at Neuilly, France.

Bulgaria was also required to reduce its army to 20,000 men, pay reparations exceeding $400 million, and recognize the existence of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.


Treaty of sevres sev ruh

Treaty of Sevres (sev-ruh)

Turkey (Ottoman Empire)

Secret Treaties made during the war was to divide the empire among the allies.

This was in a mess for over 20 years. The land was divided up between the allies

Palestine, Mesopotamia, Jordon went to Britain

Syria and Lebanon to France


Treaty of sevres

Treaty of Sevres

The Treaty of Sèvres(10 August 1920) was the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allied at the end of WWI. The treaty nullified the territorial gains of the empire during the war.

Sevres is a suburb of Paris (where treaty was signed)


Treaty of lausanne loh zann

Treaty of Lausanne (loh-zann)

  • The Treaty of Lausanne was a peace treaty signed in Lausanne, Switzerland on September 24, 1923

  • The treaty was the consequence of the Turkish War of Independence between the Allies of World War I and Turkey.

  • The treaty also led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the new Republic of Turkey as the successor state of the defunct Ottoman Empire


Treaties of st germain 1919 neuilly 1919 trianon 1920 s vres 1920 and lausanne 1923

Treaties of St Germain (1919), Neuilly (1919), Trianon (1920), Sèvres (1920) and Lausanne (1923)

Terms

  • St Germain (Austria) and Trianon (Hungary):

  • Czechoslovakia formed from provinces of

  • Bohemia, Moravia, Slovakia, Ruthenia.

  • Romania received Transylvania and Bukovina

  • Serbia (Yugoslavia) received Dalmatia, Bosnia-

  • Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia

  • Sèvres (Turkey):

  • Mandate of Arab provinces (Transjordan,

  • Palestine and Iraq to Britain; Syria and Lebanon to

  • France)

  • Hejaz joined to rest of Arabia

  • Greece received Smyrna for 5 years, E Thrace,

  • Aegean islands

  • Italy received Rhodes and Dodecanese

  • - Straits internationalized

  • Neuilly (Bulgaria):

  • Greece received Aegean coastline and W. Thrace

  • Romania received Dobrudja

  • Serbia (Yugoslavia) received parts of Macedonia)

  • Lausanne (Turkey):

  • E. Thrace restored to Turkey

  • Smyrna withdrawn from Greece

  • Rhodes and Dodecanese withdrawn from Italy


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