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The Peace Treaties. Aim: to revise the Paris Pace Conference. The Big Three. THE FOURTEEN POINTS. Wilson wanted a “fair” treaty that wouldn’t encourage Germany to seek revenge in the future. 1 No secret treaties. 2 Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime.

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The peace treaties l.jpg

The Peace Treaties

Aim: to revise the Paris Pace Conference



The fourteen points l.jpg
THE FOURTEEN POINTS

Wilson wanted a “fair” treaty that wouldn’t encourage Germany to seek revenge in the future

1 No secret treaties.

2 Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime.

3 Free trade between countries.

4 All countries to work towards disarmament.

5 Colonies to have a say in their own future.

6 German troops to leave Russia.

7 Independence for Belgium.

8 France to regain Alsace–Lorraine.

9 Frontier between Austria and Italy to be adjusted.

10 Self-determination for the peoples of eastern Europe (they should rule themselves).

11 Serbia to have access to the sea.

12 Self-determination for the people in the Turkish Empire.

13 Poland to become an independent state with access to the sea.

14 League of Nations to be set up.


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SIX TERMS OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES [memory word: GARGLE]

  • Guilt – clause 231: Germany accepted blame ‘for causing all the loss and damage’ of the war.

  • Army – army: 100,000/ no submarines/ no aeroplanes/ 6 battleships/ Rhineland de-militarised

  • Reparations – £6,600 million – in instalments, until 1984).

  • Germany lost land – Alsace-Lorraine to France/ Saar to France (15 years)/ West Prussia and Upper Silesia to Poland/ Danzig a ‘free city’/ German colonies became ‘mandates’ of the League of Nations.

  • League of Nations set up.

  • Extra points – forbade Anschluss/ Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania independent states.




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