Connecting the Disconnected. The Transition from High School to Higher Education . Disconnected Youth Defined.
Connecting the Disconnected
The Transition from High School to Higher Education
The homeless are often stereotyped. For most people, the definition is simply a person who doesn’t have a home. For some, the word brings to mind images of an individual sleeping on the sidewalk, unshaven, perhaps inebriated or acting irrationally. Now consider that the nineteen year old student in the gray sweater sitting in the third row of your classroom may very well be homeless.
The U.S. government defines homelessness as
an individual who lacks a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence;
an individual who has a primary nighttime residence that is a publicly or privately operated designed to provide temporary living accommodations;
an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized; or
a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development).
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, which is part of the No Child Left Behind Act, expands on the definition by including homeless children and youth (National Center for Homeless Education) and adds individuals who are sharing housing due to economic struggles, are living in hotels and motels, are unaccompanied youth, children or youth awaiting foster care placement, children abandoned in a hospital, or migrant children who qualify under any of the above (McKinney-Vento Act, section 725).
Became homeless after admission to college/university & had no prior history of being homeless
History of homelessness and/or homelessness that has lasted at least two generations
Identifying the breakdown
from High School to College
For homeless college students, even the smallest details can become big hurdles: a $5 student ID, a housing or enrollment deposit, a place to keep a birth certificate or Social Security card.
The College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 made it easier for institutions to identify and help homeless students, presenters said. Because such identification is frequently accomplished through the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, financial aid administrators often have the first, and closest, contacts with that population.
The changes in the 2007 legislation made it easier for homeless students to get more financial aid: they are now automatically classified as independent students without the need for a waiver, even if they are younger than 24, the traditional age at which students are considered independent.
What can we do?
State and University Programs
McKinney-Vento Homelessness Assistance Act
Programs for High Schools
KSU…Making our next moves
1st KSU homeless student was identified in the 1980’s
2006 KSU Student Health Services, in conjunction with Staff Senate, began Feed the Future
October 13, 2008, KSU’s Homelessness Awareness Week (HAW) began with the Theme of Making Homelessness Visible Through Education, Engagement, and Action
May 2013 KSU’s Campus Awareness, Resource & Empowerment (CARE) Center opened
Support for homelessness or at-risk of being homeless students
2011-2012 AY – served 25
Financial (Books, Transportation, Housing, etc.)
Community & Campus Partnerships
Community & Campus Outreach
Funding & Dedicated Space
Paden, N. (2012, February). Homeless Students? Not at mu university: the reality of Homeless College Students. ASBBS Annual Conference: Las Vegas, Vol. 19, Number 1, pp. 669-673.
Nelson, L. (2011, July 21). In college, Without a home. Inside Higher Ed. From http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2011/07/21/financial_aid_officers_discuss_problems_of_homeless_students
Institute for Children, Poverty and Homelessness. (Spring 2011). National Survey of Program and Services for Homeless Families. From http://www.icphusa.org/PDF/reports/ICPH_Georgia_Brief.pdf
Dukes, C., Lee, C., & Bowman, D. (2013). College Access and Success for Students Experiencing Homelessness: A Toolkit for Educators and Service Providers. The National Center for Homeless Education. Retrieved from http://www.naehcy.org/sites/default/files/dl/toolkit.pdf.
CLASP: Policy Solutions that Work for Low-income People. (2012). Out-of-School Males of Color: Summary of Roundtable Discussion. Retrieved from http://www.rwjf.org/content/dam/farm/reports/reports/2012/rwjf401289.