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Ancient Greece – Science, Politics, Philosophy and Religion. Greek Science. Found a way to Organized Geometry measure circumference into one set of books. of the earth. Proved that the earth revolves around the sun.

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Ancient Greece – Science, Politics, Philosophy and Religion

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## Ancient Greece – Science, Politics, Philosophy and Religion

### Greek Science

Found a way to Organized Geometry

measure circumference into one set of books.

of the earth.

Proved that the earth revolves

around the sun.

Eratosthenes

Euclid

Aristarchus

### Greek Science and Olympics

The Greeks developed the Olympics.

They Greek Olympics were held every four years.

Only men could participate.

They included events like a race, a javelin throw, and discus throw.

Their scientists studied the best way to perform sports.

### Olympics Today

• Today we participate in the Olympics every 4 years.

• Both men and women compete.

• There are hundreds of events, but they still include races, the javelin throw and the discus throw.

### Greek ScienceUse the diagrams under “Greek Astronomy” on page 228 and answer the following.

_____1. According to Ptolemy, where is the sun located?

a. In the center

b. Between Venus and Mars

c. Next to Jupiter

_____2. Which of the 3 theories was most accurate (correct)?

a. Eratosthenes’

b. Aristarchus’

c. Ptolemy’s

_____3. What is circumference?

a. Distance between planets

b. Distance around the earth

c. Distance between the sun and the earth

_____4. Which is true?

a. Our solar system is part of the universe

b. The sun is the center of the universe

_____5. What was the focus of Aristarchus’ astronomy?

a. The earth

b. The sun

c. The universe

_____1. In the past, what event was held in Olympia?

• The Olympics b. The Hundreds c. The Architects

_____2. Who could compete in the early Olympics?

• Menb. Womenc. Both men and women

_____3. Ancient Greeks strived for the ideal in what area?

• Architecture only b. Art only c. All areas of life

_____4. Why were columns important in architecture?

• They lend a sense of authority to the building

• They provided a row of protection for the building

• They made the building bigger

_____5. Which word does NOT describe Greek architecture?

• Geometry b. Ideal c. Photography

_____6. How many qualified jurors were required for a trial?

• As many as 6,000 b. As many as 500 c. As many as 12

_____7. Jurors were selected by using rows of what?

• Marble plates b. Stone plates c. Metal plates

_____8. In the United States, who makes up a jury pool?

_____9. How many people usually make up a jury pool?

• 6-12b. Less than 6 c. More than 12

____10. What do the jury systems of Ancient Greece and America have in common?

• Number of jurors required

• Type of selection process used

• That jurors are paid

### Political terms

• Parts of Greece were a democracya type of government where people vote.

• Most of Greece was a monarchy a type of government ruled by a king or queen.

• Sparta was an oligarchy, government ruled by a few. They had 2 kings.

### Politics: The first democracy

Athens was a direct democracy where people vote on everything.

All male citizens were allowed to participate in anything that required a government decision.

### Democracy Today

Today in America we have a Representative Democracy

We vote for people to make decisions for us.

### Greek Philosophy

• Greeks developed

study of basic truths.

philosophy

### Greek Philosophers

Socrates

Forced people to think by asking question after question. Now called the Socratic Method.

Socrates’ student. Started a school called the Academy. Forced people to think by writing dialogues – conversations.

Plato’s student. Started a school called the Lyceum. Tutored Alexander the Great.

Plato

Aristotle

### SocratesRead “History Makers” on page 227 and answer the questions to the left.

_____1. How long did Socrates live?

a. 99 years b. 71 years c. 40 years

_____2. What won him many followers?

a. His wealth b. His appearance c. His intelligence

_____3. Socrates claimed he knew a great deal about things.

a. Trueb. False

_____4. People were always happy with Socrates’ teachings?

a. Trueb. False

_____5. Where did Socrates live?

a. Athens b. Socrate c. Clouds

_____6. Socially, Socrates was _____.

a. Famous b. Wealthy c. A King

_____7. Socrates was well groomed.

a. Trueb. False

_____8. “Clouds” is ___.

_____9. Socrates felt he was smarter than everyone else he knew.

a. Trueb. False

_____10. People followed Socrates because he was

a. Smart b. Charismatic c. Wealthy d. A&B e. B & C

### Greek Gods

• There were many Greek gods. Some were:

Zeus – Ruler of the gods

Hera – the wife of Zeus

Athena – goddess of wisdom

### Greek Inventions

• The Greeks invented dice.

• The Greeks invented the crane.

### Greek Military

• Some Greeks were obsessed with war.

• Boys were sent to military school at a young age.

• Boys born deformed were left to die on mountainsides

### Greek Military - Soldiers

• A hoplite was a Greek infantry soldier.

• Hoplites were middle-class freemen who had to pay for their own weapon and shield.

### Greek Military - Inventions

• The Greeks invented the catapult.

• It could throw 300 pound stones at walls and buildings

• The Greeks used the Flamethrower!

### Greek TimelineUse the timeline to the left to answer these questions.

____1. Which happened last?

• The Trojan War

• The first Olympics

• The Crucifixion of Jesus

_____2. What two things happened in the same year?

• Alexander dies and The Hellenistic Period starts

• Aristotle is born and Plato founds the Academy

• Euripides and Sophocles write their first tragedies

_____3. Which happened first?

• Greek coins were introduced

• Bubonic Plague in Athens

• The Greek alphabet was developed

_____4. Who led the Greek/Persian wars?

• Draco b. Xerxes c. Phillip II

_____5. Where did Alexander build the great library?

• Athensb. Egyptc. Rhodes

_____6. When was the Byzantine Empire formed?

_____7. Where did Alexander the Great die?

• Helenb. Alexandria c. Babylon

_____8. Which came first?

• Dark Ages b. Bronze Age c. Classical Period

_____9. How did Socrates die?

• Natural causes b. In battle c. Executed

_____10. Who was born last?

a. Aristotle b. Alexander the Great c. Jesus