Ancient greece science politics philosophy and religion
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Ancient Greece – Science, Politics, Philosophy and Religion. Greek Science. Found a way to Organized Geometry measure circumference into one set of books. of the earth. Proved that the earth revolves around the sun.

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Ancient greece science politics philosophy and religion

Ancient Greece – Science, Politics, Philosophy and Religion


Greek science

Greek Science

Found a way to Organized Geometry

measure circumference into one set of books.

of the earth.

Proved that the earth revolves

around the sun.

Eratosthenes

Euclid

Aristarchus


Greek science and olympics

Greek Science and Olympics

The Greeks developed the Olympics.

They Greek Olympics were held every four years.

Only men could participate.

They included events like a race, a javelin throw, and discus throw.

Their scientists studied the best way to perform sports.


Olympics today

Olympics Today

  • Today we participate in the Olympics every 4 years.

  • Both men and women compete.

  • There are hundreds of events, but they still include races, the javelin throw and the discus throw.


Greek science use the diagrams under greek astronomy on page 228 and answer the following

Greek Influences TodayRead pages 230-231 and answer the following.

Greek ScienceUse the diagrams under “Greek Astronomy” on page 228 and answer the following.

_____1. According to Ptolemy, where is the sun located?

a. In the center

b. Between Venus and Mars

c. Next to Jupiter

_____2. Which of the 3 theories was most accurate (correct)?

a. Eratosthenes’

b. Aristarchus’

c. Ptolemy’s

_____3. What is circumference?

a. Distance between planets

b. Distance around the earth

c. Distance between the sun and the earth

_____4. Which is true?

a. Our solar system is part of the universe

b. The sun is the center of the universe

_____5. What was the focus of Aristarchus’ astronomy?

a. The earth

b. The sun

c. The universe

_____1. In the past, what event was held in Olympia?

  • The Olympics b. The Hundreds c. The Architects

    _____2. Who could compete in the early Olympics?

  • Menb. Womenc. Both men and women

    _____3. Ancient Greeks strived for the ideal in what area?

  • Architecture only b. Art only c. All areas of life

    _____4. Why were columns important in architecture?

  • They lend a sense of authority to the building

  • They provided a row of protection for the building

  • They made the building bigger

    _____5. Which word does NOT describe Greek architecture?

  • Geometry b. Ideal c. Photography

    _____6. How many qualified jurors were required for a trial?

  • As many as 6,000 b. As many as 500 c. As many as 12

    _____7. Jurors were selected by using rows of what?

  • Marble plates b. Stone plates c. Metal plates

    _____8. In the United States, who makes up a jury pool?

  • Adult citizens b. All adults c. All males

    _____9. How many people usually make up a jury pool?

  • 6-12b. Less than 6 c. More than 12

    ____10. What do the jury systems of Ancient Greece and America have in common?

  • Number of jurors required

  • Type of selection process used

  • That jurors are paid


Political terms

Political terms

  • Parts of Greece were a democracya type of government where people vote.

  • Most of Greece was a monarchy a type of government ruled by a king or queen.

  • Sparta was an oligarchy, government ruled by a few. They had 2 kings.


Politics the first democracy

Politics: The first democracy

Athens was a direct democracy where people vote on everything.

All male citizens were allowed to participate in anything that required a government decision.


Democracy today

Democracy Today

Today in America we have a Representative Democracy

We vote for people to make decisions for us.


Greek philosophy

Greek Philosophy

  • Greeks developed

    study of basic truths.

philosophy


Greek philosophers

Greek Philosophers

Socrates

Forced people to think by asking question after question. Now called the Socratic Method.

Socrates’ student. Started a school called the Academy. Forced people to think by writing dialogues – conversations.

Plato’s student. Started a school called the Lyceum. Tutored Alexander the Great.

Plato

Aristotle


Socrates read history makers on page 227 and answer the questions to the left

SocratesRead “History Makers” on page 227 and answer the questions to the left.

_____1. How long did Socrates live?

a. 99 years b. 71 years c. 40 years

_____2. What won him many followers?

a. His wealth b. His appearance c. His intelligence

_____3. Socrates claimed he knew a great deal about things.

a. Trueb. False

_____4. People were always happy with Socrates’ teachings?

a. Trueb. False

_____5. Where did Socrates live?

a. Athens b. Socrate c. Clouds

_____6. Socially, Socrates was _____.

a. Famous b. Wealthy c. A King

_____7. Socrates was well groomed.

a. Trueb. False

_____8. “Clouds” is ___.

a. A comedy about Socrates b. A tragedy about Socrates c. A novel about Socrates

_____9. Socrates felt he was smarter than everyone else he knew.

a. Trueb. False

_____10. People followed Socrates because he was

a. Smart b. Charismatic c. Wealthy d. A&B e. B & C


Greek religion was polytheistic they worshiped many gods

Greek religion was polytheistic - they worshiped many gods.


Greek gods

Greek Gods

  • There were many Greek gods. Some were:

    Zeus – Ruler of the gods

    Hera – the wife of Zeus

    Athena – goddess of wisdom


The story of medusa and athena

The Story of Medusa and Athena


Greek inventions

Greek Inventions

  • The Greeks invented dice.

  • The Greeks invented the crane.


Greek military

Greek Military

  • Some Greeks were obsessed with war.

  • Boys were sent to military school at a young age.

  • Boys born deformed were left to die on mountainsides


Greek military soldiers

Greek Military - Soldiers

  • A hoplite was a Greek infantry soldier.

  • Hoplites were middle-class freemen who had to pay for their own weapon and shield.


Greek military inventions

Greek Military - Inventions

  • The Greeks invented the catapult.

  • It could throw 300 pound stones at walls and buildings

  • The Greeks used the Flamethrower!


Greek timeline use the timeline to the left to answer these questions

Greek TimelineUse the timeline to the left to answer these questions.

____1. Which happened last?

  • The Trojan War

  • The first Olympics

  • The Crucifixion of Jesus

    _____2. What two things happened in the same year?

  • Alexander dies and The Hellenistic Period starts

  • Aristotle is born and Plato founds the Academy

  • Euripides and Sophocles write their first tragedies

    _____3. Which happened first?

  • Greek coins were introduced

  • Bubonic Plague in Athens

  • The Greek alphabet was developed

    _____4. Who led the Greek/Persian wars?

  • Draco b. Xerxes c. Phillip II

    _____5. Where did Alexander build the great library?

  • Athensb. Egyptc. Rhodes

    _____6. When was the Byzantine Empire formed?

    a. 286BC b. 286AD c. 267AD

    _____7. Where did Alexander the Great die?

  • Helenb. Alexandria c. Babylon

    _____8. Which came first?

  • Dark Ages b. Bronze Age c. Classical Period

    _____9. How did Socrates die?

  • Natural causes b. In battle c. Executed

    _____10. Who was born last?

    a. Aristotle b. Alexander the Great c. Jesus


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