Weather and Climate Information: For Agricultural Production and Food Security. Simon Gathara Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources Kenya Meteorological Department Agrometeorological Division. Introduction.
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Weather and Climate Information:For Agricultural Production and Food Security
Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources
Kenya Meteorological Department Agrometeorological Division
Data observed on crops at the Agro-meteorological stations:
Variety of the grown crop;
Stage of development attained by the crop;
General assessment of crop performance;
Damage by pests, diseases and adverse weather;
State of weeding in the farm;
In all these cases efforts are made to monitor the socio economic impacts of the expected weather on various sectors.
10- Day Crop Weather Review (Dekadal Bulletin)
This bulletin is Published every 10 days and distributed to users. The bulletin describes the weather of the past 10-days period and its impact on crop performance and also gives the weather outlook for the coming 10 days and expected impacts to agriculture and Livestock production.
A monthly bulletin is published once a month and it carries information on collected meteorological and Agrometeorological data on climatic conditions, development of the weather and a description of crop performance during the month. Description of the development of pasture and crop water satisfaction within the month.
Left Maize cob:Used neither certified seeds nor Agrometeorological Information
Middle Maize cob: Used certified seeds but did not utilize Agrometeorological Information
Right Maize cob:Used both certified seeds and Agrometeorological Information
Drought results in inadequate pasture & water for livestock and wildlife. This often leads to human and animal conflicts. The pastoral communities are forced to migrate in search of water and pastures.
Prolonged droughts result in land degradation exposing the land to wind and water soil erosion. This leads to soil infertility and desertification.
Severe drought results in death of livestock and wildlife resulting in loss of livelihood of the pastoral communities.
Severe droughts result in crop failure leading to food insecurity and warranting food relief contingencies.
Prolonged drought results in lack of adequate water for domestic use leading to communities trekking for long distances in search of the precious commodity.
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