Culturally appropriate career counseling
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Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling. Career counseling must take place within a cultural context Variables to consider in career counseling across cultures may differ in weight Models don't adequately explain career behavior of minorities Perspective of cultural diversity/pluralism.

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Career Counseling Goal

  • Have all clients make culturally appropriate career choices

  • NOT: make the same choices

Culturally responsive Counseling:

  • Effective career counseling incorporates the impact of family, gender and culture

  • Allows clients to explore what role they want work to play in their lives, balance between work and family, messages to accept or discard

  • Incorporates multiple cultures

The silent interview
The Silent Interview

  • 1. Where did they grow up?

  • 2. What is their ethnicity?

  • 3. What do/did their parents do for work?

  • 4. What do they do in their spare time?

  • 5. How many languages do they speak?

  • 6. What kind of music do they listen to?

Environmental Influences

  • Parental/Familial influences

  • Political system

  • Racism/Sexism

  • Acculturation

  • Cultural values

Cultural Variables

  • Worldview

  • Racial/Ethnic Identity Development

  • Acculturation

  • Aspirations/expectations

Leong and hartung 1997
Leong and Hartung (1997)

  • Recognition of vocational problems

  • Help seeking and use of career services

  • Evaluation of career problems

  • Implement career interventions

  • Outcome of intervention

Fouad and bingham caccm
Fouad and Bingham-CACCM


Identification of

career issues:


-social emotional



-external barriers

Assess impact of cultural variables

on career issues

Setting culturally


counseling process and

counseling goals

Establish rapport/

Culturally appropriate


Culturally appropriate



-social emotional



-external barriers

Re-clarify issues

Enter counseling


career choice

role integration


information seeking

Implementation of career plans

and follow up

Preparation for counseling:

Culturally Competent Counselor

and Client with concerns



in Fouad, N.A. & Bingham, R. ( in press) Career counseling with racial/ethnic minorities In W.B. Walsh & S.H. Osipow (Eds). Handbook of Vocational Psychology, 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum

Preparation for Counseling:

  • Cultural sensitivity: openness and enjoyment of clients' cultural experiences

  • knowledgeable about cultural groups

  • knowledge of cultural strengths

  • openness to clients as cultural teachers

Preparation (cont.)

  • Knowledge of own worldview

  • Knowledge of own racial identity

  • become comfortable with clients of diverse backgrounds

Step 1- Establish Relationship

  • Listen to and observe client's comments

  • Respond to client's main words and construct (using basic attending skills)

  • Check out statements with client

  • Set context for working consensus

Step 2: Identification of Career Issues

  • Cognitive Issues

  • Social/Emotional Issues

  • Behavioral Issues

  • External Issues--working conditions

  • External Barriers: Discrimination, Oppression, racism/sexism

Step 3: Assess Impact of Cultural Variables

  • How do cultural variables influence career decisions?

Step 4: Setting appropriate goals

  • Appropriate Process-Appropriate Goals

Step 5: Appropriate Interventions

  • Group interventions

  • involve the family

  • role models

  • native language usage

  • ethnicity/gender similarity

  • community resources

  • appropriate assessment

Step 6: Decision- making

  • Career Choices

  • Adjustment

  • Clarification

Step 7: Implementation and Follow-up

  • Support mechanisms

  • Follow-up