Research Methods unit 2 lecture vocabulary. Measure – operational version of your concept or variable Measurement – limiting the data of any phenomenon so that those data may be interpreted and compared to an acceptable standard of quality or quantity.
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yields certain results when the characteristic
being measured hasn’t changed.
Research Methods unit 2 lecturevocabulary
Method of Research:
Observations because researchers are ‘testing; their hypothesis (quantitative) or formulating a theory (qualitative)to answer the research question. We call our research observations 'empirical tests' (p, 18)
Indirect methods– methods of data collection that don’t involve contacts between the researcher and subjects - unobtrusive
Indirect sources or secondary sources – libraries; minutes from corporate board meetings; headstones in a cemetery,
Direct methods– method of data collection in which data are obtained personally from subjects or respondents.
Direct sources or primary sources -Interviews, questionnaires observation of behavior
Purpose or Use: discovery, gain new perspectives, accepts dynamics of the social world, Identify variables that can later be measured quantitatively
Sample size: often small
Participants: targeted --- not necessarily meant to generalize results
Methods: observation, surveys, informal interviews
Measurements: discovery, coding themes
Reporting results: depends on purpose -generate theory, conceptualization, instrument development (see table 1 handout)
Implications for future research: narrow focus, expand to other groups, expand to other phenomena, change data collection method
Purpose or Use: correlations, relationships, effects, differences, predictability
Variables: independent and dependent (cause & effect)
Sample size: often large
Participants: random/convenient – intended to allow results to be generalized
Methods: surveys, observations, other
Reporting results: Statistics, generalizability of results, validity, reliability
Implications for future research: change sample population, narrow research question, study alternative constructs, change data collection method, replicate study to test results
scientific inquiry process
you need to take into consideration these factors:
such as protecting the identify of participants?
√ Find all my search terms
√ Also search within full text of the articles
√ Full Text
√ Peer Reviewed
√ Published Date from January 1985 to January 2011
If the answer to any of these questions is yes, then the source will not be useful.
In regard to items # 3 & 4 both of these imply the author(s) had a preconceive answer to the question.
His or her bias will interfere
with your research.