Research Methods unit 2 lecture vocabulary. Measure – operational version of your concept or variable Measurement – limiting the data of any phenomenon so that those data may be interpreted and compared to an acceptable standard of quality or quantity.
yields certain results when the characteristic
being measured hasn’t changed.
Method of Research:
Observations because researchers are ‘testing; their hypothesis (quantitative) or formulating a theory (qualitative)to answer the research question. We call our research observations 'empirical tests' (p, 18)
Indirect methods– methods of data collection that don’t involve contacts between the researcher and subjects - unobtrusive
Indirect sources or secondary sources – libraries; minutes from corporate board meetings; headstones in a cemetery,
Direct methods– method of data collection in which data are obtained personally from subjects or respondents.
Direct sources or primary sources -Interviews, questionnaires observation of behavior
Purpose or Use: discovery, gain new perspectives, accepts dynamics of the social world, Identify variables that can later be measured quantitatively
Sample size: often small
Participants: targeted --- not necessarily meant to generalize results
Methods: observation, surveys, informal interviews
Measurements: discovery, coding themes
Reporting results: depends on purpose -generate theory, conceptualization, instrument development (see table 1 handout)
Implications for future research: narrow focus, expand to other groups, expand to other phenomena, change data collection method
Purpose or Use: correlations, relationships, effects, differences, predictability
Variables: independent and dependent (cause & effect)
Sample size: often large
Participants: random/convenient – intended to allow results to be generalized
Methods: surveys, observations, other
Reporting results: Statistics, generalizability of results, validity, reliability
Implications for future research: change sample population, narrow research question, study alternative constructs, change data collection method, replicate study to test results
scientific inquiry process
you need to take into consideration these factors:
such as protecting the identify of participants?
√ Find all my search terms
√ Also search within full text of the articles
√ Full Text
√ Peer Reviewed
√ Published Date from January 1985 to January 2011
If the answer to any of these questions is yes, then the source will not be useful.
In regard to items # 3 & 4 both of these imply the author(s) had a preconceive answer to the question.
His or her bias will interfere
with your research.