The Treaty of Versailles. Unit 2 Notes SS6H7 The student will explain conflict and change in Europe to the 21 st century a. Describe major developments following World War I: the Russian Revolution, the Treaty of Versailles, worldwide depression, and the rise of Nazism.
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Unit 2 Notes
SS6H7 The student will explain conflict and change in Europe to the 21st century
a. Describe major developments following World War I: the Russian Revolution, the Treaty of Versailles, worldwide depression, and the rise of Nazism
In November 1918 Germany surrenders to the Allied countries. The most powerful ones, being France, USA and Britain, wanted to create a treaty that punished Germany for starting WWI.
BUT WHAT SHOULD THEY DO?
The treaty was dictated to Germany-- they did not have a say in it.
WAR GUILT CHOICE!”
Germany had to accept the blame for starting the war
Germany had to pay $33 billion dollars.
What did the Treaty of Versailles do?
Disarm Germany’s Military
The Army was cut to just 100,000 men, the Navy could only have 6 battleships, and they were not allowed to build any new planes, tanks, or submarines.
GERMAN LAND GIVEN AWAY
Germany had to give up its colonies and a bunch of land
Not only did Germany lose about 10% of its land, it also consequently lost 10% of its population. German people were now living in foreign countries.
“Today in the Hall of Mirrors of Versailles the disgraceful Treaty is being signed.
Do not forget it. The German people will press forward to reconquer the place among nations to which we deserve. Then will come revenge for the shame of 1919.”
Germany was a proud country due to its military strength and strong traditions of dominance within that area of Europe. However, the treaty of Versailles created different feelings:
The war had left Germany almost bankrupt. As its people starved and the country lay in chaos, the Allies gave them a bill (Treaty of Versailles) that they simply could not afford to pay...
German money was only good for starting fires…
Germany wasn’t the only country who suffered
In the 1930s, countries around the world fell into a worldwide economic depression
Causes of the Great Depression
2. Compare and contrast the Great Depression with the “Great Recession” that began in 2008. Use a thinking map.