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Revolution. Guided Reading and Review. The Industrial Revolution. The Industrial R evolution began in Britain in the mid 1700s. Cause- British investors developed new machines that made manufacturing faster. Effect- The Industrial Revolution spread to the USA. The Industrial Revolution.

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Guided Reading and Review

The industrial revolution
The Industrial Revolution

  • The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the mid 1700s.

    • Cause- British investors developed new machines that made manufacturing faster.

    • Effect- The Industrial Revolution spread to the USA.

The industrial revolution1
The Industrial Revolution

  • Samuel Slater memorized the design of the machines in British textile mills.

    • Cause- It was illegal to take plans for the machines out of England.

    • Effect- Slater built a successful water powered textile mill in the USA.

The industrial revolution2
The Industrial Revolution

  • Eli Whitney invented machines that could manufacture identical parts.

    • Cause- Whitney wanted to speed up the manufacturing process.

    • Effect- Inventors soon designed machines to produce interchangeable parts for other goods.

The industrial revolution3
The Industrial Revolution

  • Francis Cabot Lowell’s partners built a factory town named for him.

    • Cause- Lowell combined spinning and weaving operations under one roof.

    • Effect- Lowell became a model factory town and the population grew.

The industrial revolution4
The Industrial Revolution

  • Textile mills hired young women.

    • Cause- Mill owners could pay lower wages to women than men.

    • Effect- Many young women left home and became financially independent. They used their wages to help their families.

Americans move westward
Americans Move Westward

  • Many settlers traveled westward during the 1800s.

  • 1. New roads such as the Great Wagon Road made it easier to travel west.

  • 2. As more people traveled west, more territories applied for statehood.

  • 3. Private companies began paving roads and collecting tolls for maintenance.

  • 4. Congress approved money to build the National Road.

Americans move westward1
Americans Move Westward

  • In the early 1800s, Americans found faster and better ways to travel or move goods by water.

  • 5. The invention of the steam engine and the steamboat made passenger and cargo travel much faster.

  • 6. Steamboats made it cheaper for western farmers to ship goods.

  • 7. The Erie Canal linked the Great Lakes and the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers, making it possible to ship goods to New York.

Industry in north
Industry in North

  • 1. Sewing machines could make many more items of clothing in much less time than a tailor.

  • 2. John Deere’s plow was much lighter and could be pulled through a field more quickly.

  • 3. Morse’s telegraph had faster access to information about supply, demand, and prices for all over the country.

Industry in the north
Industry in the North

  • 5. Clipper ships were able to travel more quickly through the water because of their tall masts, huge sails, and narrow hulls.

  • 6. Effects of factories, machines, and railroads on the Northern economy:

    • Factories used steam power

    • Machines produced cheaper goods

    • Railroads provided faster transportation of materials and goods.

    • Markets opened and farmers were forced into factory jobs.

Cotton kingdom in the south
Cotton Kingdom in the South

  • 1. Effect- The cotton gin could do the work of 50 people. Cotton could be grown for a huge profit.

  • 2. Cause- Planters needed new land and began to move west.

  • 3. Effect- In other areas southerners raised rice, sugar cane, tobacco, and livestock.

Cotton kingdom in the south1
Cotton Kingdom in the South

  • 4. Cause- Rich planters invested in slaves and land.

  • 5. Effect- Southerners resented their dependency on the north.