Stalin and the Cold War. Stalin. After the death of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin took power of the Soviet Union (1922-1953). Stalin was a very harsh dictator. Millions died under Stalin’s rule and the whole country lived in fear of him. "SUPERPOWERS".
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1. During WWII, The Soviet Army moved west to capture Berlin. As they advanced, they freed Eastern European countries Germany had conquered. After the war, the Soviets force these countries to become Communist. This was called the “Iron Curtain” because it divided Europe into East and West.
The superpowers also built powerful weapons to use against one another, this was called the “arms race.”